80 years ago, the most famous Soviet traveler, Yuri Alexandrovich Senkevich, was born.
The most popular joke of the post-perestroika period was the phrase: “Stop looking at the world through the eyes of Senkevich!”. In the days of the Iron Curtain, a glance at the countries and continents of the long-lived Soviet screen, 30 years old, stood at the helm of the oldest TV program of the national TV Club of Travel (travelers), was a window to the world for a multi-million audience of its fellow citizens Abroad. Personal reports leading to fascinating travels and great discoveries remain unsurpassed until now - it is not surprising that the program associated only with him after irreparable loss was closed ...
In one bottle
To know the world, you need to know yourself. It is not enough to go where others have not been: it is necessary to convey to people the idea why this is necessary. Only the one who possesses them can enrich the audience with new knowledge. Yuri Senkevich was a diversified personhaving achieved success not only as a professional traveler, but also as a journalist and television producer, researcher and doctor. He was a medical colonel and candidate of medical sciences, president of the Travel Association of Russia and academician of the Russian Television Academy, a public figure and winner of the USSR State Prize.
Prior to joining television, Yuri Senkevich gained a wealth of scientific and life experience. Born on March 4, 1937 in Mongolia (in the city of Bain-tumen, now Choibalsan), he graduated from school in 1954 in Leningrad. For what path to go, the question was not - both parents worked in the Military Medical Academy: the mother was the operating sister, the father the deputy head. The son decided to do the same. He took up research during his studies, after defending his graduation project, he was sent to the post of head of a medical unit at a military unit in Bologoye, and two years later he transferred to the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine of the USSR Ministry of Defense. In Moscow, a young physician studied the poorly studied topic of hypokinesia, examining the state of the body in zero gravity.And after being transferred to the system of the Ministry of Health in 1963 (to the Institute for Biomedical Problems), Senkevich participated in the medical support of manned space flights and the preparation of flights of biosatellites with animals on board. Starting work as a junior research assistant, in a short time Yury Alexandrovich grew to the head of the Center for Medical and Biological Training of Cosmonauts and prepared for personal participation in space flight as a research physician.
But the young scientist defended his candidate thesis not on a space topic. After participating in the Antarctic expedition at the Soviet polar station "Vostok" in 1966-1967, Yuri Senkevich finds a scientific direction that interested him throughout his later life: human survival in extreme circumstances. In the field of extreme physiology and psychology, the researcher has written over 60 scientific papers.
Personal extreme baggage Yuri Alexandrovich gets in 1969, when the Norwegian colleague Thor Heyerdahl invited the Soviet scientist to sail in a papyrus boat across the Atlantic.The journey of the international crew on the paper ship "Ra" was launched in May 1969. The fair wind and the North Equatorial Current contributed to the fact that the boat overcame 5 thousand kilometers in 2 months of sailing, but the journey ended with the fact that the boat sank.
And exactly one year later, in May 1970, the expedition continued in the project “Ra-2”. During the second voyage, the crew was able to reach Barbados, confirming Thor Heyerdahl’s scientific insight into transoceanic contacts in antiquity.
Seven years later, an expedition with the participation of Yuri Senkevich on Tigris became a no less significant scientific event. In extreme swimming in the Indian Ocean, he went to the period of his work as head of the department of scientific, medical and technical information of the Institute of Biomedical Problems. In 1977, Heyerdahl built the reed boat Tigris in Iraq to prove the migration contacts between Mesopotamia and other ancient civilizations. The boat with the international crew sailed from the Persian Gulf to Karachi (Pakistan) and further to the Red Sea.
The voyage lasted five months and ended in Djibouti, where the boat was burned in protest against the hostilities in the region.
In 1979, Yuri Alexandrovich participated in the medical support of the expedition to the North Pole, and in 1980-1982 he was included in the first Soviet expedition to Everest.
Everyone who turned on the television became witnesses of these tests: since 1973, Yuri Senkevich worked as a moderator in the “Film Travel Club” program from the Guinness Book of Records, which was the longest on Central Television. The TEFI Award (the highest television award in Russia) is the deserved recognition of the professional contribution to the project by Senkevich personally.
In a creative environment, it is believed that you first work on a name, and then the name works for you. In the role of the “captain” of the television club of travelers, Yury Alexandrovich became a kind of “brand”: he played himself several times in the films (“Afterword”, “Above the Rainbow”, “The Island of the Dead Ship”, “Lumi”). The popularity of the TV traveler helped Senkevich in 1990 to be elected as a deputy of the Moscow City Council. In his "iconostasis" - five Soviet and foreign orders (including "Friendship of Peoples", "Badge of Honor", "For Services to the Fatherland") and the prize "Russian National Olympus".
And after his death, Yuri Senkevich “shared” his own name with the institute, museum, airplane, ship and restaurant. In his honor, they called the new aircraft of Aeroflot Airlines A-320 and the oceanic tanker of increased payload and enhanced ice class of the shipping company Sovcomflot, twice superior to Titanic. The name of Yuri Senkevich was given to the Moscow State Institute of Tourism Industry and the Traveler Memorial Museum on Seleznevskaya Street in Moscow. In addition, in Omsk there is a restaurant "Senkevich" with the route of the expedition "Ra-2" on an ivory map decorating the interior. And immediately two authors wrote the songs "Yuri Senkevich" and "Senkevich" (they are performed by the group "Brigade Contract" and the bard Roman Semenov).
Yuri Alexandrovich himself was the author of five books - about his great friend Tour Heyerdahl, traveling on "Tigris" and "Ra". He called his memoirs “They were called by the horizon” and “Life-long journey”.
The life of Yuri Senkevich was cut short in 2003 - death overtook him in the workplace. During the preparation of the next release of the “Film Travel Club”, Yury Alexandrovich died of a heart attack.