Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them?

What it is?

Girl sitting on a chairSwelling of the legs or arms is an expansion of the tissue due to fluid retention. Lower extremity edema occurs when excess fluid accumulates in the soft tissue space. This happens because the body can not cope with the entire volume of fluid and is not able to eliminate the excess. There are swelling not only the upper and lower extremities, but also certain parts of the body. For example, often also the fingers, legs and even organs swell.

In simple terms, the phenomenon of edema may be due to the action of ordinary gravity.
That is, when a person stays in a standing (seated) position for a long time, it is common for liquids to flow to the feet. And if special valves to counteract gravity are weakened in the arteries of the legs, edema may occur. The resulting problem can lead not only to accumulation of water in the tissues, but also to varicose veins.

What factors provoke puffiness?

Legs on the tableSwelling of the legs, the causes of which are harmless in most cases, can be harbingers of serious diseases. And the factors that provoke the stagnation of fluid in the tissues include:

  • excess weight;
  • flat feet;
  • impaired metabolism;
  • malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • regular loads on the legs.

There are also more serious causes of edema in the legs. You can combine them into a list.

Varicose veins

PhlebeurysmThis reason, as a result of which the lower limbs swell, is the most common. In this case, the phenomenon of edema suggests that blood flow is impaired, and hydrostatic pressure increases in the veins. As a rule, external changes are intermittent. Legs swell, mostly in the evening. Especially if a person spends almost a whole day standing.

In the morning swelling may not be observed, but it can return again in the evening. Such manifestations often occur only on one limb. Signs of edema become more visible after a certain period, if not carried out timely treatment.

Inconvenient shoes, shoes with very high heels

HeelsAmong the large number of factors that make up the causes of edema in the legs, improperly chosen shoes are not the last. A very high heel, like a flat sole with prolonged wear, may well trigger an accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues. Therefore, experts recommend wearing the most comfortable shoes, so that it is spacious for the foot, and that the fingers are in a natural position when walking. As a preventive measure, it is better to wear shoes, boots and other shoes with a small wedge heel.

Kidney disease

The loin hurtsFor those who suffer from serious kidney disease, their legs swell strongly. Swelling can spread on both legs. The places of its localization are the rear parts of the extremities. At the same time, there may be accumulations of excess water in the form of dark circles under the eyes. Accompanied by edema by changing urine color.

"Elephantiasis

This disease causes disorders in the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the lymph flow, leading to its stagnation. Due to the changes in the water exchange processes, edema occurs, which makes the limbs look like elephants.

Disorders in the thyroid gland

ThyroidAnother reason in this list is a thyroid problem. As a result of this disease, edema occurs in the legs, which are characterized by an elastic structure and are accompanied by a sluggish state, constant drowsiness, chills and constipation that occurs. In addition, you can observe the accumulation of fluids on the shoulders, tongue.

Acute Thrombophlebitis

When thrombophlebitis of the superficial and deep veins of the leg swell often. These phenomena are accompanied by fever, redness and pain along the vein.

Neurological and endocrine diseases

These causes of edema, for which treatment is necessary, are also not uncommon. In case of neurological diseases (syringomyelia, polio, stroke with paralysis of the legs), edema in the legs occurs against a background of capillary permeability. They are usually of moderate size.

In diseases of the endocrine system, dense edema occurs. Over such areas of accumulation of excess fluid the skin is not going to fold, and when pressed on the edema does not leave a trace.

Heart diseases

Human heartHeart failure, thrombophlebitis, etc.- common causes of accumulation in the tissues of excess fluid. Cardiac edema of the lower extremities occurs against the background of various diseases of the cardiovascular system, including vascular aneurysm, heart defects, cardiomyopathy and previous myocardial infarction. Concomitant factors of swelling of the legs are: arrhythmia, shortness of breath, an increase in the size of the heart.

It is possible to determine when the lower limbs swell due to disorders of the heart, by the characteristic features:

  • symmetrical arrangement on both limbs;
  • areas of fluid accumulation become soft;
  • the texture of the tissues when pressed resembles the dough, the fingerprint remains;
  • blue areas of the skin over swelling;
  • the skin is cold.
An increase in the size of puffiness is observed in the evening. The prolonged existence of puffiness can cause the appearance of dermatitis and cracks.
At the slightest manifestations of cardiac edema on the legs, it is worth contacting a specialist so that, based on the results of the examination and diagnosis, he can prescribe adequate treatment.

Fluid accumulation during PMS and during pregnancy

LibraVery often there is the phenomenon of swelling in the legs (in the ankles) in the last weeks of pregnancy. Such changes in the body are not critical. In this case, the accumulation of excess fluid in the lower extremities, the causes of which are associated with changes in the hormonal background of the future mom, can be identified by a noticeable increase in weight. If it is normal for a woman to gain about 300 grams in a “position” in a week, then in case of edema formation, the weight can increase immediately by 1.5–2 kg.

Also, the legs of the expectant mothers swell if nephropathy occurs. Detection of pathology of the kidneys in pregnant women is possible due to edema formed in the legs, according to test indications (there will be an increased protein level in the urine) and arterial hypertension.

In addition, women's legs swell with premenstrual syndrome. Such changes are caused by hormonal imbalances in the female body in the second half of the cycle. In this case, treatment, including folk remedies, does not need to be carried out - after the cessation of discharge, swelling of the legs and feet disappear.

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How to get rid of excess fluid accumulated in the tissues?

Treatment of edema of the lower extremities can be carried out both by traditional methods and folk remedies. In addition, there is a special set of exercises that help get rid of accumulated excess fluid in the tissues of the lower extremities.

We treat puffiness with the help of medical devices.

TroxevasinBefore embarking on the treatment of edema, it is necessary to consult a doctor. He will help determine the causes of the accumulation of fluid, and prescribe the correct treatment.

Among the drugs that relieve symptoms and relieve puffiness include:

  • Ointment "Essaven gel", which helps to establish blood circulation by eliminating microthrombus in the vessels and strengthening capillaries.
  • Heparin ointment, which has a similar effect to the previous drug and, in addition, removes inflammation.
  • "Troxevasin", which has a cooling, analgesic effect, and also strengthens the walls of the veins and blood vessels.
  • "Venitan" and other ointments, which include horse chestnut.
  • "Lioton".
The composition of all of the above funds include heparin and rutin. These substances have a beneficial effect on the capillary system, strengthening the walls of blood vessels, veins, capillaries and relieve swelling.

Exercise from lower limb swelling

To relieve swelling in the legs, you can perform a complex consisting of the following exercises:

  • Feet in shoesDuring the day, squeeze and spread your toes.
  • Within 2-3 minutes, walk on your socks.
  • Taking off your shoes and socks, try to get a pen or a small ball from the floor.
  • Rotate your feet alternately counterclockwise and in its course.
  • In a standing position on your toes, just stand for a few seconds, then complete 5 light jumps.
  • For those who have sedentary work, the following exercise from edema will do: it is necessary to raise the toe alternately during the day, while pressing the heel to the floor and vice versa.

Alternative medicine methods

As well as drug treatment, and methods of alternative medicine require a preliminary examination of edema by a doctor. Having found out the reasons why legs become swollen and fluid accumulates in tissues, one can turn to proven methods. These include:

  • CabbageDiuretic, consisting of equal parts of fresh beet, carrot and cucumber juice. 80 ml of this "cocktail" act as 1 diuretic tablet and helps relieve swelling.
  • A remedy for leg edema resulting from kidney disease and heart disease, in the form of powder (infusion) from parsley. It is necessary to use it from three to five times a day before meals.The dose for one reception means is 0.5-1 g. It is necessary to wash down the medicine with warm water, boiled beforehand.
  • Broth from edema of astragalus. It is prepared from 10 gr. plants steamed in 250 ml of boiling water. Cooled to room temperature, the infusion should be drained and taken 2-3 times a day, 2.5 st. l for 14 days. Then three days for a break and continue the course. Total treatment with this tool can last from 4 months to six months.

Also, the treatment of edema of the lower extremities with folk remedies includes the manufacture of ointments at home. We offer 2 options for the preparation of such funds:

  • Foot OintmentIn 2 parts of heated castor oil, add 1 part of turpentine. The resulting mixture rub the legs where accumulated excess fluid. It is advisable to wear simple cotton socks after the procedure.
  • The yolk of one egg must be mixed with 1 tbsp. l apple cider vinegar and 1 tsp. turpentine. The mixture, which will be the result, you need to vigorously rub in swollen legs.
  • In case of swelling and varicose nodes, elder leaves will help, which must be steamed before applying. Also cabbage leaves will save from unpleasant sensations and puffiness. To do this, they should be washed, attach to areas that swell.

Before you begin treatment, you should definitely find the reasons that provoked the phenomenon of edema. Only a full medical examination and diagnosis help to get rid of the accumulation of fluids in soft tissues. Based on the recommendations of experts, you can avoid adverse effects and maintain their health.

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  • Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them

    Why there are swelling of the legs, and how to get rid of them