What you did not know from the biography of Pushkin?
What is interesting in itself containsPushkin's biography, the great Russian poet, what are its periods? What was the life of Alexander Sergeevich in the distant XIX century? What works of Alexander Sergeyevich can be called the best? Read about all this further.
Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin: biography
The great Russian poet and writer, the founder of modern Russian literature, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was born on May 26 (June 6 until the present article) of 1799 in Moscow.
The biography of Alexander Sergeevich begins with his parents. Sergey Lvovich, Pushkin’s father came from a noble family, and Nadezhda Osipovna, mother, granddaughter of Abram Hannibal, son of the Prince of Abyssa, who was captured by the Turks, was sold as a slave in Constantinople and presented to Tsar Peter the Great. Pushkin dedicated his novel “Arap of Peter the Great” to him, which, however, was never finished.
The man who earlier than the others began to help little Sasha to be filled with the beauty and diversity of the Russian language - this is her mother’s grandmother, Maria Alekseevna.No wonder: after all, both parents and tutors used only French to communicate with children.
The Russian language was also available to Alexander in communication with the nurse Arina Rodionovna, whom he immortalized as Tatyana's nurse in his novel “Eugene Onegin”. He was tied to his nanny more than to his own mother, and it was from her mouth that he became acquainted with rich Russian folklore.
The author’s biography continues in 1811. When a new high school opened in Tsarskoye Selo, Alexander Sergeevich immediately passed the exams there. Life and study at the Lyceum became one of the most vivid and vivid memories that rich Pushkin's biography is rich with. It was at that time that a young author began to develop his talent and practice writing poems. There he and his peers survived the Franco-Russian war, which added Pushkin’s biography.
His very first publication was the poem “To my friend, the poet” in the “Bulletin of Europe”, a Moscow magazine. Here the poet began his romantic poem “Ruslan and Lyudmila”, which he completed in 1820 after the end of the lyceum.
However, even before the poem was published, Pushkin was exiled to the southern part of the country for his poems, which, because of political humor, were considered too outrageous. He left St. Petersburg on May 6 and did not return for more than six years.
From 1820 to 1823 the poet was in Yekaterinoslav, and in the Caucasus, and in the Crimea, and in Chisinau. There he lives and works in the home of General Inzov, and also makes many acquaintances with the guys, who later turn out to be future Decembrists. These years in exile are marked by the writing of such works as Prisoner, Prisoner of the Caucasus, Song of a Thing Oleg, Bakhchisarai Fountain. At the same time, "Eugene Onegin" was launched - perhaps the most famous work of Pushkin today.
Later Pushkin sent to Odessa. There he is under the patronage of Count Vorontsov, but something in between goes wrong - and the count personally asks Pushkin to be fired and sent out from Odessa.
Pushkin's biographyafter Odessa continues in the village of Mikhailovskoye, where his mother’s estate is located. The years spent here in exile were not happy for Pushkin, because he was practically in constant solitude,but they were among the most productive: the poet continued work on Eugene Onegin, began writing the play Boris Godunov, and wrote many poems.
In 1825, with the advent of December and the Decembrist uprising, Pushkin was in an incredible excitement for his friends and for himself, and therefore gets rid of general notes that could give his connection with them.
Almost a year later, in September, he returned to Moscow to Tsar Nicholas I by order. He decided to return the poet to win the condescension of the public, to make Pushkin his poet, even agreed to be his censor. However, in reality everything turned out to be not so rosy: Nikolay’s censorship forbade Pushkin not only to write, but also to read books that the Tsar had not yet seen. Pushkin's sadness about this is expressed in the poems “Gift in vain, gift by chance”, “Remembrance” and “Premonition”.
May 1828 comes, and the poet is trying to achieve the location of the main Moscow beauty Natalia Goncharova. He receives no answer, and therefore travels to the Caucasus, and without permission. The essays "Journey to Arzrum", the verses "The collapse", "The Caucasus" and others are able to convey the poet's impressions.
Two years later, Pushkin again wooed Goncharova, this time successfully.The poet decided to go to Boldino, to his estate, in order to prepare for the wedding. However, the trip for several months was delayed due to the cholera epidemic: Pushkin’s biography marks his work at that time as “Boldin Autumn”. Unprecedented inspiration was visited by the poet at that time - it was then that “Eugene Onegin” was completed and such works as “Elegy”, “The Tale of the Priest and His Worker”, “Demons”, “House in Kolomna” and others were created.
The wedding of Alexander Pushkin and Natalia Goncharova took place in 1831, February 18.
The poet again continued to serve in the Foreign College in 1831. He began working on such works as The Story of Peter I and The Story of Pugachev. However, Pushkin’s relations with the tsar became worse and worse.
The poet’s biography contains the following fact: Pushkin received a humiliating for the poet the position of a chamber-cadet in the archive and at the same time could not help but endure it! The financial situation of the Pushkin family left much to be desired, a lot of debts accumulated, despite the fact that he had four children - daughters, Masha and Natasha, and sons, Sasha and Grisha.
Nevertheless, it was during these years of his life, the last remaining ones, that Pushkin wrote quite famous works that are worth reading for everyone - “The Queen of Spades”,"Captain's daughter", as well as many fairy tales.
Duel with Dantes - the main thing that everyone is familiar withPushkin's biography. In 1836, Alexandra’s wife was subjected to vile slander about her ties with Nicholas I, and then with Baron Dantes, who was with the king in a good way and did not hesitate to courting Natalia. The poet was forced to defend the honor of his wife and his own, and therefore caused the Baron to a duel. It took place on the Black River, January 27 (February 8 to the present century) 1837. During the duel, Pushkin was mortally wounded and died two days later.
Fearing too much hype, Nicholas I ordered the body of the poet taken out of St. Petersburg in secret. Pushkin was buried not far from the Mikhailovsky village, at the cemetery of the Svyatogorsky monastery.
5 facts about Pushkin, about which very few people know
Different sources claim that we still don’t know much about Alexander Sergeyevich. Like what:
- The performance of the young Alexander in the lyceum of Tsarskoye Selo is frankly limping; he was only twenty-sixth in the school record out of twenty-nine.
- Although the majority know only one duel, Pushkin was in fact an avid duelist. On his account - 29 duels.
- In correspondence with the tsar, Pushkin used only French to sound with him on an equal footing, and not to show admiration for the royal persona.
- The idea for the “Inspector” Nikolai Gogol was suggested precisely by Pushkin when he asked him to tell some funny story.
- The monument to Pushkin is really put in the city of Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, as a potential homeland of the poet's ancestors.
Top 10 best works of Pushkin
|Title of the work||Year of writing|
|"The Queen of Spades"||(1834)|
|"The Tale of Belkin"||(1830)|
|"Ruslan and Ludmila"||(1817—1820)|
|"The Tale of Tsar Saltan"||(1831)|
|"The Tale of the Golden Cockerel"||(1834)|
You can watch a film dedicated to the 200th anniversary of the birth of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin here: