What is a vet? Description and meaning
Deciduous trees exist in nature greata bunch of. Among them, the vet is distinguished by its majesty and silver attire. The word "vetla" comes from the "vyt", "branch" and is associated with the alternation of vowels and consonants. Similar words (crocheted) exist in Ukrainian, and in Lithuanian, and in Latvian, and even in Greek.
What is a vet, according to this science? This is a typical type of deciduous trees from the family of Ivovy or shrubs of the genus Iva. Vetla has narrow, rather long leaves and flowers, collected in earrings. For example, in the literature we meet: "Next to the wicket, near the house, stood an old willow and silvered in the light of the month with its leaves."
According to the data given in the explanatory dictionaries, what are the vet, so can be called some species of poplar, sedge, and even aspen. In the people so sometimes called a willow, a vine, a willow, a rakit.
Willow white, or willow
Probably, she received such a name (asoption - willow silver) because of its leaves, which in the light slightly silver, rocking from the wind. This is an ordinary tree for the middle belt of Russia. But the species range is much wider: Europe, Asia Minor, Iran, Western Siberia. A good wind caught in both Central Asia and North America.
What is the vet: where and how it grows?
The tree is bred for the most part as a cultural,but quite often wild in the landing. Vetla grows on the banks of rivers and ponds, as well as other water bodies. Can as a cultural plant take root near houses and along the road. Vetla - light-loving tree, resistant to frost. It is not very demanding on the soil in which it grows (but the preference is for wet lands). Well can tolerate the cultivation and urban conditions. Willow is silvery durable. Survives up to a hundred years or more. Propagated by seeds or cuttings (in culture). Fallen to the ground branches can also take root.
Description of the appearance
The height of the tree reaches at times thirty meters. The crown is wide, round, often weeping. The trunk is powerful, in diameter reaching three meters (or several trunks branching from the earth itself). The bark is dark gray, bitter in taste, with longitudinal cracks. Shoots are greenish-olive or brown with shades of red, fluffy shoots ending in silver color. The lower branches often incline to the ground. After cutting, the canopy can take the form of a shrub.
Kidneys, leaves and flowers
The buds are red and yellow, sharp,Silky (length - up to 6 mm). They seem to be pressed to an escape. Leaves with a pointed apex, finely meshed, their edges not wrapped down (length - from five to fifteen centimeters, width - to three), whitish, with silvery hairs from below, and from above - dark green. In autumn the leaves do not fall for a long time and acquire a yellow-bronze color.
Flowers are collected in cylindrical earrings (length -up to five centimeters). The willow blossoms are silvery (or willow) in April or May. The process occurs simultaneously with the opening of the leaves of the tree. Seeds are matured by June.
Application and Benefits
- Wood cane can be used asornamental material. Earlier from it troughs, utensils, shuttles for a yarn have been made. From the fibers of the bark of the windmills ropes and rope were made. The rods were used to construct hedges in the villages, rarely - as a building material.
- What is a vet as a planting material? Iva white planted in decorative parks and near water. Vetla grows actively, which allows it to be used for the fast greening of the roadside zone.
- The bark of windmills has long been used as a tanning agent for hides and as a dye for various natural fabrics (red-brown).
- Vetla is also a valuable early medonosome. From her bees collect pollen, nectar and bee glue. Honey can be obtained up to 150 kilograms from 1 hectare. It has excellent taste and is very healthy.