Vyacheslav Tikhonov: Filmography, biography and photos
Who is Stirlitz, everyone knows. For younger people, he is a hero of numerous anecdotes and computer games, and for the older generation - a scout from the USSR Maxim Isayev. On the screen this already become legendary image embodied the great actor Tikhonov Vyacheslav Vasilievich. The filmography of this man has more than a hundred paintings, but for the majority he remembered precisely because of this character.
Childhood and youth
The future Stirlitz appeared in 1928 in the Moscow Region.His father worked as a mechanic at the plant, and my mother worked as a tutor. Together with them lived a grandfather and a grandmother.
At school, Tikhonov studied well, especially given him good science, such as physics and mathematics, also loved Vyacheslav and history.
The boy was only thirteen years old whenThe USSR was attacked by Germany, the school was converted into a hospital, and Tikhonov went to the school to master the profession of a turner. After graduation, he was sent to work at a military plant, where he worked until 1944. This year, Vyacheslav entered the Automechanical Institute, but a year later dropped his studies and submitted documents to VGIK.
At the entrance exams a young guy, hotwho dreamed of becoming an actor, failed, but one of the teachers noticed a talented young man and, contrary to his estimates, took Tikhonov to his course.
The first roles in the cinema, the filmography of the 40-50's
Talent, as well as excellent external datathe actor helped him to make his debut in cinema while still studying at VGIK. And let his character (Vladimir Osmukhin) not be the main thing, the very participation in such a famous film as the "Young Guard" - it was already a success.
After finishing his studies and getting a job at the Theater Studioactor, Vyacheslav Tikhonov became quite popular in the cinema. Unfortunately, at that time most directors saw in a young beautiful artist first and foremost a suitable type of nobleman, intellectual or student. Therefore, the actor had to play the same type of characters.
Despite the similar roles, in the 1940s and 1950s the actor was able to prove himself well and to like the audience, so many already knew who Vyacheslav Tikhonov was.
The filmography of the artist during this period includesthe whole five roles of sailors (films "In Peace Days", "Maximka", "Stars on the Wings", "Emergency Situations. Emergency Event") and three military ("Heart Beats Again ...", "Thirst", "May Stars" ).
Among the same-type characters of this period, the mostbright were the sailor Victor Raysky from "PE. Emergency incident "and the tractor driver Matvey Morozov from" It was in Penkovo. " Restless rural villain Morozov, who, being married, falls in love with another and changes for the better, brought the actor the love of the audience.In addition, in this film, the actor received a chanceto show their vocal data, singing the song "From people in the village do not hide," which, along with other sounding in the film, instantly became a hit of that time.
It is noteworthy that in the film of that period "Thirst" Tikhonov played for the first time the role of a scout in the German rear.
Tikhonov, Vyacheslav: biography, filmography in the 60s
In the sixties, Vyacheslav Tikhonov was already quiteknown to the audience and loved by directors, in particular Stanislav Rostotsky, who shot the actor in many of his films, starting with "The Case was in Penkovo." Often Rostotsky gave Vyacheslav Tikhonov to sing songs in his paintings ("On the Seven Winds", "Let's Live Through Monday").
Back in the fifties, everyone noticed that the actorlooks great in military uniform. Therefore, in the first half of the sixties, almost all the films in which Vyacheslav Tikhonov was shot (the filmography of the actor in those years includes five roles of the military, including Andrei Bolkonsky in War and Peace, 1965-1967) - these were films about military operations.
Despite the fact that the directors are cruelexploited the type of military, which entrenched for Tikhonov, his characters are becoming more different than in the fifties. This is the midshipman, who became a revolutionary in the Panzer Mitchman, and the whiteguard officer and nobleman Nashekin in Two Lives, and the captain of the Soviet army, Suzdalev, in "On the Seven Winds," and an anarchist Alexei from Optimistic Tragedy.
The turning point in the artist's career is participation in thefilm epic Bondarchuk based on Tolstoy's novel War and Peace. The hero Prince Andrei Bolkonsky, played by Vyacheslav Tikhonov (the filmography of the actor after this work is full of completely different films), showed his extraordinary talent.After participating in this film, the artist was often invited to the role of intellectuals and bosses.
In 1968, Stanislav Rostotsky assertsVyacheslav Vasilyevich to the central role of Melnikov's history teacher in his film "We'll Live To Monday". It is interesting that the author of the script was against Tikhonov's nomination, considering him excessively beautiful and self-sufficient for his character. However, the artist still got this role and coped with it perfectly.
Next year Tikhonov appears on the screen in a small role of Kapitonov in the film story "From Nothing to Do".
Vyacheslav Tikhonov: acting, filmography of the 70's
In the seventies Vyacheslav Tikhonov remains all thisthe same demanded actor, despite the fact that he is already forty years old. This decade in his work becomes one of the most fruitful, besides, world fame comes to the artist, and one of the films with his participation is nominated for Oscar (White Bim Black Ear).
Actor Vyacheslav Tikhonov (the filmography of this decade is full of the most different genre films) begins seventies with the role of head of the family in the novel "Razmaznya" based on works by Chekhov.
In 1971, there were two films with the participation of the actor: "Egor Bulychov and others", a joint Soviet-Swedish project "A Man from Another Side".
In 1973 Vyacheslav Tikhonov was invited againput on the uniform of a German officer like in the film "Thirst", and play a Soviet scout in a multi-series film "Seventeen Moments of Spring". This film instantly became famous and even cult throughout the USSR and beyond, and for Tikhonov the image of Stirlitz was permanently fixed. Although, as noted by friends and friends of the actor, Vyacheslav Vasilyevich himself did not sing out this role and did not consider it his greatest achievement. Nevertheless, after the death of the artist, a monument was erected on his grave, where Tikhonov was portrayed in the role of Standartenfuhrer SS Stirlitz.
As if trying to prove something, the next two roles in the movie Tikhonov played in the pictures about the events of the Second World War. These were the tapes "Front without flanks" and "They fought for their Motherland".
After the grand success of the 1976 film"White Bim Black Ear", Vyacheslav Vasilievich starred in two films about everyday problems at the enterprises of the country. These were the pictures "... And other officials" and "Dialogue".
Further, the actor again puts on the military uniform of a Soviet officer in the 1977 film "Front for the Front Line."
In 1978, with Tikhonov comes just twofilms: Czechoslovak film "Ballad of a tree and a rose" and "How the streets were led by a chest of drawers". The second film was the only comedy in which the actor starred.
Decade Tikhonov ends his participation in the documentary Rostotsky "Profession - film actor", which is dedicated to the work of the famous "Stirlitz".
The filmography of the actor in the 80s
After the unexpected success of the seventies inthe next decade, Vyacheslav Tikhonov (filmography in those years could have been much larger, but a restructuring occurred, to which the actor was skeptical, and many of the roles that he offered were contrary to his convictions), he could choose his own characters, but the subject of cinema in those years changed a lot .
The first actor Tikhonov in this decade was the role of Ivan Mlynsky in the 1981 film "The Front Behind the Enemy Lines." The following year - an episodic role in the film Odnolyuby.
In 1984, the actor perfectly played the role of PeterLosser in the film "European History". In the same year with Tikhonov came out another film project - a multi-series film based on real events "TASS is authorized to declare ...". Here the actor got the main role of Colonel Konstantinov.
The next few years in the filmography of Tikhonovthere were no particularly bright films, although he was often shot ("Approach to the future", "Appeal", "Riders", "The impatience of the soul," "Why did they kill Olof Palme?"). Only closer to the end of the decade, the actor happened to star in interesting roles. So, in 1988 in the film "Kill the Dragon" he successfully played an archivist.
Uncharacteristic for the style of Vyacheslav Tikhonovwas a role in the 1989 film Love with Privileges. His character - the head of the old school, unable to come to terms with the new trends in the country, Konstantin Gavrilovich Kozhemyakin, caused contradictory feelings in the audience: he irritated his proud arrogance and at the same time he felt sorry for him humanely.
Roles in the movie Tikhonov in the nineties and two thousand
After the collapse of the USSR, many actors were left withoutwork, but Vyacheslav Tikhonov was often invited to shoot, although he refused many roles. Being a man brought up at another time, the actor was very difficult to adapt to new trends, in particular, to the denial of all his ideals of youth. Since in the nineties Tikhonov was already almost seventy, he was almost never offered major roles. However, many directors wanted the actor to play corrupt politicians, which Tikhonov himself did not like very much, and he refused.
In the nineties, about thirteenfilms with Vyacheslav Tikhonov. The brightest ones are "Demons", "Code of disgrace", Oscar-winning "Burnt by the Sun", "Boulevard Novel", "Waiting Room" and "Composition for Victory Day".
In 1998, the seventieth anniversary of the actor about his work is removed from the documentary television movie "Moments of Vyacheslav Tikhonov."
In the 2000s the actor was shot extremely little. In 2002, Vyacheslav Vasilievich played the main role in the film "Berlin Express". And in 2005, at an urgent request, her daughter starred in the film of her husband "The Eyes of a Wolf." The final appearance of the artist on television was a telefilm by Eldar Ryazanov in 2006 "Andersen. Life without love. "
In December 2009, the actor died in a Moscow hospital. In 2013, in a solemn atmosphere, a sculptural composition was put on his grave.
The voice of films and cartoons
In addition to photogenic appearance and talent, thisThe amazing artist also had a pleasant voice. With the light hand of his close friend - the director Stanislav Rostotsky - the audience heard how Vyacheslav Tikhonov sings. The complete filmography of this outstanding actor would contain white spots, if not to mention the participation of the artist in the dubbing of films. Beginning in 1956, the actors of many foreign films begin to speak with the voice of Tikhonov.
The first film, over dubbing of which he workedactor, became the French "If the world's guys" in 1956. Tikhonov's pleasant voice appealed to viewers so much that such famous actors as Jean-Louis Trintignant, Alain Delon, Boy Gober, James Fox, Cyril Juan and many others soon started talking to them.
Fans of a film epic about the adventures of the French beauty Angelica will be surprised to learn that her beloved Zofrei in Russian dubbing spoke in the voice of Vyacheslav Tikhonov.
Often Vyacheslav Vasilievich was instructed to be a voicenarrator, as, for example, in two films from the cycle about the adventures of the brave Russian "musketeers" - midshipmen ("Vivat, midshipmen!" and "Midshipmen III"). Also the actor read the author's text in the films "The Story of the Human Heart", "Leave at Your Own Account" and "The Battle for Moscow".
Wives and children of Vyacheslav Tikhonov
It is generally accepted that most male actorsfamily life is given with difficulty, as they are amorous persons who are not able to remain faithful to their wives. However, Vyacheslav Tikhonov, although he was married twice, was an exception to this rule.
The first wife of Tikhonov was Nonna Mordyukova, withwhich he had met while studying at VGIK. Together they first appeared on the screen in the film "Young Guard". Having married at the institute, the couple lived in marriage for thirteen years. The couple had a son, Volodya Tikhonov. The guy went to his parents' footsteps and became an actor in cinema and theater. Unfortunately, he died very early (in forty years).
The second wife of Vyacheslav Vasilyevich becamea teacher of French Tamara, who was younger than the artist for a full sixteen years. With it, he met during one of his work on duplicating films. Soon the lovers got married. From this marriage at Vyacheslav Vladimirovich daughter Anna Tikhonova was born, who also became an actress, and later a producer.
Vyacheslav Tikhonov was not just magnificentactor, but also a worthy man, trying to stick to his principles all his life. Evidence of his extraordinary talent was that all his career, this artist was in demand: at twenty and seventy years.
It's unfortunate that he is no more, but the audienceremained all the films with Vyacheslav Tikhonov (the filmography was mentioned above), in which he compels to feel, be sad and rejoice with his characters. His main professional achievement is that, after so many years, his characters remain favorite viewers of all ages.