Violets at home - embodied the tenderness of spring
Violets in science have the name Saintpaulia, and in floriculture they are known as Uzambrian violets. This is a species of flowering herbaceous plants. Incredibly refined and sophisticated, they will be the perfect decoration for your home, and other types of beautiful flowers can complement them, be sure to learn tips on how to care for orchids.
Blooming violets - guests from the tropics
The violet plant is not artificially bred purely indoor flowers. They grow in the wild. Natural habitat - mountainous areas in East Africa (mainly Uzambarskiye mountains). Saintpaulias often grow near waterfalls and on river terraces - they are favorable for water dust and nebulae. Hence the many whims of home violets.
Enchanted Baron ...
This lovely plant was discovered in 1892 by Baron Walter von Saint-Paul - the military commander of the Uzambar District of German East Africa.Then it was a German colony, which included modern Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. Interestingly, the beauty of the blooming violets touched the heart of the serviceman so much that he even collected the seeds and sent them home to his father, who was the president of the German Dendrology Society. Thus, the flowers fell into the hands of botanists, who germinated the seeds and examined the grown flowers, selecting them into a separate genus, later named after the Saint-Paul family.
The world first saw Uzambara violets a year later at the International Flower Show in Ghent. And at the beginning of the last century, violets were brought to other countries of Europe and the USA, where they became a very fashionable houseplant. Today, more than 30 thousand species of room violets are bred from these seeds.
If you have firmly decided to acquire room violets, then you should be prepared for the fact that this plant is capricious - not everyone gets accustomed to it. For example, according to the flower horoscope, they are most suitable for Taurus in temperament. But the tips of the stars and advices to have only a recommendatory character. But if these fragile flowers have sunk into your soul and you are ready to waste time and energy,then follow the instructions of florist for the care of home violet - and you will have a sophisticated flower garden on the windowsill!
Why on the windowsill? This is an ideal place for them, because violets at home need a lot of light. True, it should be somewhat diffused, shaded - direct sunlight burns these flowers. So the best option - the northern windows or light curtains on the windows.
Uzambarsky violet: probing the soil
Potted violets will be good in medium sized pots. Although it is believed that they do not need a lot of space in principle, but “in freedom” their flowers and leaves will be larger. But the huge pots do not suit them at all - it is even unaesthetic, because the Saintpaulians themselves are compact and miniature.
As for the ground, ideally, room violets should be planted in good drainage, half of the mixture of which is claydite, and the second - simple earth, also does not hurt a piece of charcoal.
The main point in the care of violet
That's where the dog is buried - watering home violets. It is because of errors with this item of care plants often die. The fact is that the plant by nature needs a high humidity environment, but not in the very watering. Therefore, the ideal watering for violets mediated - warm bottom.What does this mean in practice?
Once a week you should take a deep tank of separated water, warm it slightly (if necessary, periodically you can add fertilizer there as well) and put a pot with your violet there. Note that the water should completely cover the pot, but not flow into it. This procedure lasts about half a day until the soil in the pot becomes wet.
Regular watering at home can lead to rotting of the roots. However, there are some types of violets that need more intensive watering - this is best clarified with the purchase. But in any case - you need to water your home violet only when the ground is completely dry.
When do you need to feed homemade violets?
Fertilizers should be applied to the soil during violet flowering, about once every two weeks. When they do not bloom, the feeding is reduced by half.
Violet at home: rare nuances
It is advisable to change the ground to violets every year in the spring. It is also at this time of the year that it is possible to plant overgrown flowers — this is when the bush of a violet splits into two or three rosettes.
At home, violetsalso need water treatments.Their leaves are so arranged that dust accumulates on them, and, again, they lack moisture. Therefore, infrequent spraying will not be superfluous. And if the leaves are very dusty, you can even arrange a flower shower! Put the pots in the bath and pour them over with a weak warm shower stream, so that the water does not fall on the soil.
Video: Violet Transplant Secrets
This video from an experienced amateur grower will vividly show you how to properly transplant and arrange fragile African-American violets at home.