The Parliament of Catalonia has allowed the process of separation from Spain to begin
MADRID, November 9 - RIA News. The Parliament of Catalonia, at a meeting on Monday, adopted a resolution proclaiming "the beginning of the process of creating an independent state with a republican form of government."
For the resolution consisting of nine articles, the deputies of the coalition Junts pel Si (Together for “yes”) and the Party “Candidacy of People’s Unity” (CUP), who have an absolute majority in the legislature - 72 out of 135 voted
"The number of those who demand that Catalonia, apart from the nation, is a state is growing. The elections on September 27 were exceptional and their results, no matter how they looked, demonstrate the clear desire of the Catalan people. We do not exclude anyone. ", Said the representative of Junts pel Si (Together for the" yes ") Raul Romeva, speaking to parliamentarians.
“The time has come to write a new chapter in the history of this country. Today is a break with the regime that buries our dreams and legality,” said Anna Gabrielle, a representative of the Party “National Unity Candidate” (CUP).
Representatives of the Popular Party, the Socialist Party of Catalonia and Citizens spoke against the resolution. Coalition Catalunya si que es Pot (Catalonia, yes, it is possible), which includes the Podemos party, proposed its resolution on constitutional reform.
"Junts pel Si and CUP have every right to discuss their resolution, but they have no right to paralyze the country," said Catalunya Si que es Pot spokesman Joan Coscubiela from the podium, adding that the "September 27 election results do not give any legal basis for the beginning of the creation of the state ", meaning that fewer than half of the voters voted for supporters of independence in the elections to the Catalan parliament. According to Catalunya Si que es Pot, the only legal way to solve the problem at this stage is to hold a referendum in agreement with the official Madrid. According to the coalition, the referendum should be held at the latest in 2016.
Only 11 deputies of the Catalan parliament voted for this draft resolution.
"Do you really think that most Catalans support this separatist process?" - asked the representative of the People’s Party Javier Garcia Albiol (Xavier Garcia Albiol), calling the resolution “an operation for the personal and collective salvation of Mr. Arthur Mas (Acting Chairman of the Generalitet (Government of Catalonia) and the“ Democratic Convergence of Catalonia ”(the party led by Mas, around which suspicions of corruption have recently appeared - ed.) ".
Socialist spokesman Mikel Iseta recalled that in the September 27 elections 47.8% of voters voted for political forces supporting the idea of independence, which means “plebiscite failed”, and warned that the unilateral announcement would separate everyone from Spain.
Ines Arrimadas, representing the Citizens Party, recalled that on Monday the whole world celebrates the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall - “an event that united the divided people”. "You want the exact opposite - to divide a single country," said Arrimadas, addressing supporters of the independence of Catalonia, adding that all these steps are "beyond the law."
18 months to establish a state
“The process of gaining independence” is to form, in addition to the government, other state structures, and to develop a constitution. After the adoption of the new constitution, independence will be proclaimed officially. All this, according to estimates of supporters of the separation of the region from Spain, will take about 18 months.
The government of Mariano Rajoy has warned that it will file a lawsuit in the Constitutional Court challenging the legality of the resolution adopted by the Catalan legislators.
In Catalonia, on September 27, parliamentary autonomy elections were held, which local authorities declared "plebiscitary".
As a result, an absolute majority of forces were in favor of separating the autonomous community from Spain — the coalition Junts pel Si (“Together for Yes”) and the Party “Candidacy of the People’s Unity” (CUP). They stated that they would "begin the process of separation of Catalonia from Spain" through the parliament of the autonomous community. At the same time, less than half of the voters voted for these two political forces.