The most terrible sights of the world
Tourists are different. Connoisseurs of classical art spend their holidays in the contemplation of masterpieces from the collections of famous museums, others prefer to roast the body on the beaches or conquer the mountains, "which have not yet been." And lovers tickle your nerves will certainly come in handy next selection of attractions that make blood freeze in my veins.
1. The Museum of Pathoanatomical Anatomy, or the Tower of the Mad
There are dozens of museums in the world in which exhibits are presented not for the faint of heart. Kunstkamera, the Mutter Medical History Museum in Philadelphia and many others. The Vienna Museum of Pathology among them is the most famous, real monument to pathologies, deformities, gene mutations and severe medieval medicine. The second name of the museum - Narrenturm. In the XVIII century, there was located the dry house; Now visitors with strong nerves are waiting for exhibits such as a gynecological mahogany chair,prepared skulls and mummified heads of illegitimate citizens, visual aids on sexually transmitted diseases and cases of pathological increase in the genitals ... Unfortunately, the most valuable exhibit - the sculptural group of Laocoon, which fights snakes made of human and animal bones - died during the bombing.
2. Kostnitse or Ossuary.
Sedlec, Czech Republic
Plague left a lot of evidence of their merciless activity. A few centuries ago, a large part of Europe turned into one continuous necropolis. At that moment, when the next cemetery was overflowing, the bones had to be dug out of the ground and made improvised warehouses. In many provincial European towns, the cellars of the chapels are still littered with the skulls of the victims of the epidemic. The ossuary in the Czech Republic is a special warehouse; in the 18th century, they approached the analysis of the “medieval legacy” with fantasy and unconditional cynicism. The woodcarver known at that time created an interior design for Prince Schwarzenberg entirely made of bones. The walls made of neatly laid skulls make the greatest impression, but the Schwarzenberg coat of arms, assembled from bones, will also leave few people indifferent.
3. Parisian catacombs.
It would seem that the Parisian catacombs are a trodden hiking trail, no mystery and mystery remain in sight. However, even before the tour begins, Victor Hugo's novels with their dungeons and depressing atmosphere will be resurrected in memory. According to the established Christian tradition, the departed were tried to be buried on the land adjacent to the church. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church strongly encouraged graves near churches, receiving considerable profits for the funeral services of the dead and for places in the cemetery. Therefore, Christian cemeteries were located in the center of settlements, not only in Paris, but throughout Europe.
For example, on 7,000 square meters of the cemetery of the Innocents, which had functioned since the 11th century, parishioners from 19 churches and unidentified corpses were buried. In 1418, the Black Death or the epidemic of bubonic plague added another 50,000 corpses. In 1572, the cemetery housed thousands of victims of the St. Bartholomew's Night. Since by the middle of the 18th century the cemetery became the burial place of two million bodies, the burial layer sometimes went down to 10 meters in depth, the ground level rose by more than two meters.Up to 1500 remains of different periods could be in the same grave at different levels.
4. Concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.
On the territory of the former death camp Auschwitz, in which more than 4 million people died, the State Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau was created. The entrance to the museum is through the famous gate, captured in hundreds of war films. Next - brick blocks, which contained prisoners. Exposure, for example, things taken away by the Nazis from their victims, is a real shock. There are no expositions in the nearby Brzezinka camp, the condition of the camp has remained unchanged since the war.
5. Torture Museum.
There are many famous museums of torture - in Prague, The Hague, Amsterdam ... However, the most terrible is the museum in the city of Mdina, which has collected a huge collection of guillotines, tweezers for pulling out nails and other instruments of torture. In addition, the use of the inquisitor’s arsenal is clearly demonstrated by naturalistic, even too naturalistic wax figures. The hunchback caretaker, whose appearance only heats up the atmosphere, will lead you past a man with eyes staring from pain, into the throat of which a malicious inquisitor pours boiling oil, or past two mesh bags, in one of which a person sits and in the other bones turn white. ..Next to them, the executor pulls out his tongue from his victim.
6. House of Winchesters.
San Jose, CA
There are a lot of films about this house, hundreds of stories are told. The house was bought in 1884 by Sarah Winchester, the heir to the multi-million state of the Winchester family. For 38 years she has been engaged in the restructuring and expansion of the house, without resorting to the services of professional architects. After the death of her husband, William Winchester, Sarah visited a medium in Boston, who “communicated with the spirit of her late husband” and said that “Sarah’s family is cursed by those who died of high-quality Winchester products. And Sarah should move to the west, towards sunset, and in the place that she will be told to stop and start building a house. Construction should not stop; if the knock of the hammers subsides, Mrs. Winchester will die. ”
The house was built to confuse the spirits that Mrs. Winchester would like. Therefore, the doors open into the walls, and the stairs rest against the ceilings. The corridors are narrow and winding. Some doors of the upper floors open to the outside, others are designed so that, after passing the passage, the guest can fall into the kitchen sink on the floor below or break through a window arranged in the floor of the lower floor. The doors of many bathrooms are transparent.The walls open secret doors and windows through which you can quietly observe what is happening in the adjacent rooms. All stairs, except one, are made up of 13 steps. In many rooms, 13 windows each. The abundance of fireplaces in the house due to the fact that, according to legend, the spirits could enter the house through the chimney pipes.
7. Castle Count Dracula (Bran).
This legendary castle was built on the very edge of a terrible abyss in the Carpathian Mountains. Stone staircases and narrow passages of the castle lead to cramped rooms (total number of rooms is 56), the main chimney, which, with a strong sound, howls heartbreakingly, a huge bed with a canopy, on which, according to legend, the castle owner sucked the blood out of his victims ... In short , everything, as Bram Stoker described over 100 years ago in his famous Dracula.
Needless to say that the fairy-tale Dracula has a real prototype - Prince Vlad IV Tepes, or the Prourer, who loves to admire the people impaled. The road leading to the castle and now bears the name "Road of the pointed stakes".
8. Museum of executions.
Another museum that is included in the galaxy of the most terrible museums in the world.Its founder is familiar with the topic firsthand - he himself served as an executioner for more than ten years. The museum contains tools of executions of all times and peoples, and if at first glance a huge guillotine seems to be the most terrible, I advise you to take a closer look - smaller tools may appear to be much more terrible, completely invisible and harmless at first glance ...
9. Death Valley.
This path lies at a distance from the famous pilgrimage route around Mount Kailas. The field of the Valley of Death is strewn with bones - yogis go here to die, here go for inspiration, purification and the acquisition of secret knowledge. But far from everything is returning, and far from the mental state in which they left: it is believed that in the Death Valley the soul passes a kind of judgment, and a sinful or meaningless life ends here.
10. Castle of horrors.
Everything is made very naturalistic, even the aromas are appropriate. Real historical events are displayed, for example, the fire in London in 1666 or cameras and instruments of medieval torture. Something is shown on visitors, to a certain limit, of course.
One of the shows is a 16th century court.Somewhere at the top are judges in wigs, the servant of the museum takes in turn from the group of tourists "defendants" and sits on the bench. "Name?" - "Dan." "From where?" - “Houston” - “Houston? America? - Guilty! (Guilty)”.
11. Museum of the Souls of the Departed.
In the sacristy of the Del Sacro Cuore church (Chiesa del Sacro Cuore), those who wish can visit the small museum, which contains evidence of the presence of the souls of the dead on earth. To get to the museum, you need to ask permission from a local priest. However, this is a pure formality - you will almost certainly be opened by a mysterious door and everyone will be shown. The collection began to collect in 1912, the rector of the church.
Now there are hundreds of exhibits related to ghosts. There is, for example, a night cap with prints of sooty fingers. These are traces of the touch of the ghost of Louise le Seneshel. On May 7, 1873, the deceased came under the cover of night to her peacefully sleeping spouse, pinched her nose several times and vengefully pulled off his night cap. So, in the opinion of a widower who sometimes allowed himself liberties, she recalled that it was necessary to observe mourning ... But no one has yet managed to display photos of the exhibits.
12. "Gates of prisoners" or "Museum of Torture".
The Amsterdam Torture Museum is much more famous than The Hague. However, the worst exposure is here, in the political capital of the Netherlands. On the bustling central square of The Hague, Baw Tenhof, there is a gloomy ancient dungeon (XIII c.) Where criminals from the whole kingdom were taken to torture.
Here, the attention of visitors is a working inventory of executors. If in the first minute you do not faint from horror - and this happens here - the museum guide will kindly and in great detail tell you exactly how it was used.
13. Museum of Devils.
The only museum in the world, in which the exclamation "Thousand devils!" would be appropriate. About as many devils, devils, devils and imps here and collected. The museum was created in 1966 on the basis of the personal collection of Professor A. муmuidzinavičius. By 1991, it was already collected 1742 exhibits.
Devils from ceramics, wood, metals, leather, plastics and other, sometimes the most exotic materials brought to Kaunas from 23 countries. The collection is constantly updated. Kaunas representation of evil forces is the largest in the world today.