The consequences of a stroke and life after it

The consequences of a stroke and life after it

Classification and features of the disease

The term “stroke” or stroke means an acute impairment of blood circulation in the brain or spinal cord. More often the first suffers. This pathology is characterized by the development of neurological symptoms that manifest more than a day, which often leads to a fatal outcome.

The classification of these pathologies is quite wide. Thus, depending on the extent of damage, a local and extensive stroke is distinguished. The latter is especially dangerous, since it covers several structures of the brain at once and almost always leads to the death of patients.

Depending on the nature of the lesion, there are 2 more types of pathology:

  1. Ischemic.
    This problem is also called cerebral infarction. The development of an attack begins in persons suffering from vascular pathologies, as well as diseases of the heart muscle, blood. Ischemic stroke occurs due to blockage, the appearance of an emboli, a sharp drop in blood pressure or pathological narrowing of the vessel, stopping or critical reduction of the blood supply to a certain part of the brain.The characteristic time for the onset of an attack is considered to be night, but there are also daily attacks. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to recognize ischemic stroke in a timely manner, since the onset of an attack is often blurred and not characteristic.
  2. Hemorrhagic.
    This is an attack, accompanied by hemorrhage in the structure of the brain. A hemorrhagic stroke usually begins acutely, and its consequences depend on the volume and localization of the hematoma formed. The consequences of this pathology are usually extremely serious, because when blood enters the brain shells, neurons die and intracranial pressure rises. You understand that hemorrhagic type of stroke often causes the sudden death of the patient.

The ischemic type of disease, in turn, is divided into the following subspecies:

  • atherothrombic - the cause of the attack is a blood clot;Hemorrhagic stroke consequences
  • cardioembolic - blockage as a result of an embolus (fat, air, etc.);
  • hemodynamic - associated with a decrease in blood pressure;
  • lacunar - triggered by pathological vasoconstriction;
  • hemorheological micro occlusion.

Ischemic stroke is especially dangerous, as it often develops gradually, with previous attacks of ischemic nature. Therefore, it is not immediately recognized. But a slow start does not mean that the ischemic stroke is safe, because further progression is often irreversible. Patients often survive, but almost everyone wonders about how much they live and recover from such a blow.

Hemorrhagic stroke also has its own classification. There are such types of it:

  • intracerebral - hemorrhage occurred in the structures of the brain;
  • subarachnoid - the splash is localized in the same space.
The hemorrhagic type of pathology is characterized by a rapid onset and an extremely small percentage of survival. After all, blood leads to the rapid death of brain cells, which often entails death or serious consequences.

Often, hemorrhagic stroke ends with the phenomenon of extensive or partial paralysis. Assessing the consequences, doctors rarely make predictions about how long rehabilitation will last and whether full restoration of function is possible.

Life after stroke

The danger of this pathology is not only death. Surviving patients also suffer a lot. They literally work every day on recovery and undergo difficult rehabilitation, not knowing how many weeks and even months they still have to spend on regaining control of their own body.

Risk assessment, regardless of whether there was an ischemic or hemorrhagic attack, is made after an assessment of the extent of the damage.

In medical terminology, 2 terms are used for this:

  1. Micro stroke
    The damage is minor and the question of how long the rehabilitation will last is fully justified, since the recovery is more rapid.
  2. Macro or extensive stroke.
    After such an attack is difficult to recover. Usually there is a partial return of functions, and full rehabilitation is the exception rather than the rule.

If a local or extensive “stroke” of the brain has occurred, then the likelihood is high that such consequences will develop:

  • paralysis - usually affects one side - left or right;Stroke ischemic left side effects
  • blurred vision;
  • problems with fine motor skills;
  • various memory disorders;
  • loss of urination and bowel movements;
  • loss of sensitivity by various receptors;
  • development of aphasia.

What will be the consequences depends on which part and side of the brain is damaged (left or right). Also important is the time of first aid and the type of attack: hemorrhagic or ischemic.

The most common occurrence after this pathology is fatal. In second place are different types of paralysis. This may be a typical lesion of facial muscles (affected left or right side of the face), lack of movement in the limbs or more severe forms, accompanied by the stop of vital functions.

If an extensive stroke has occurred, there is a high probability of paralysis of the left or right side of the lungs or a total stop of the body’s work. You understand that in such situations, death is difficult to avoid. Those who managed to survive, shows a long rehabilitation.

It is useful to know that paralysis is usually located on the opposite side to brain damage. That is, if the strike from the right side is a defeat on the left side, and if on the left side - the right side.In the event of spinal cord injury, extensive or complete paralysis occurs.

Function recovery is facilitated by physiotherapy. Usually, the affected side of the body requires systematic massage, exercise therapy and other manipulations. Electrophoresis, UHF, etc. are also possible. The impact is directed at the damaged area, which is usually located on the left or right side.

Visual impairment is another common consequence. The problem can develop both suddenly and gradually. Usually the speed depends on whether the stroke is ischemic or hemorrhagic, as well as extensive or local. In most cases, the function of the eyes can be restored, but not always. So, if the ischemic attack is extensive, then the probability of rehabilitation after loss of vision is small.

Stroke brain effects for humansDisorders of motor activity. This may be tremor of the left side, periodic paresis and numbness, loss of control over the limbs without developing paralysis. Such problems are often the consequences of an attack such as ischemic extensive stroke.

A frequent complication is memory impairment. A patient who has suffered a massive stroke may not remember who he is, forget the events for a certain period of time, or will not easily recognize his loved ones.The scale of damage depends on which side of the attack is located: from the right or from the left. It should be understood that brain damage can be irreversible, because a prolonged lack of sufficient oxygen leads to necrosis.

Another typical companion "strike" of the brain is urinary incontinence and spontaneous defecation. These phenomena may be accompanied by paralysis, but more often they are independent. It does not matter if the damage is localized on the right or left side.

The loss of sensitivity to temperature, taste, smell and other sensory phenomena is a serious consequence of poor circulation. Such defects are manifested in lesions of the right and left parts of the brain.

Some of them are conditionally safe, but some syndromes can be fatal. For example, lack of response to pain. It would seem that such. But the absence of pain will easily lead to death due to an injury that the patient simply did not feel.

Speech disorders are one of the first symptoms of damage to the left or right side of the brain structures.This may be stuttering, incoherent words, lack of speech or absurd moans. The severity of symptoms depends on the extent of the lesion and on its location (on the right or left side and in which particular structure).

Signs of disease

The nature of the effects of an attack is directly related to the time of first aid. Therefore, it is important to be able to recognize a stroke. To do this, remember these signs and actions:

  • What are the signs and consequences of an extensive strokesmile - after the blow, only half of the mouth moves, there are grimaces, distortions;
  • movement - during a stroke it will be difficult to simultaneously raise 2 arms;
  • articulation - it is usually difficult for the victim of a brain stroke to pronounce the word;
  • reaction - this rule applies to you, because noting at least one symptom of a “strike”, you should immediately call an ambulance.

A stroke is a dangerous pathological condition that often leads to the death of the patient. Therefore, it is important to know its signs and timely contact physicians.

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  • The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it

    The consequences of a stroke and life after it