Spring avitaminosis. Do you have it?
With the arrival of spring, we begin to notice that the healthy skin color is faded, the nails become brittle, and after each combing, more hair remains on the comb. Observing these symptoms, we make a diagnosis of "vitamin deficiency" and rush to the pharmacy for vitamins. But do we have vitamin deficiency or are we dealing with hypovitaminosis, and what is the difference between them? Let's see.
Vitamin deficiency and hypovitaminosis: what is the difference?
Avitaminosis is a chronic disease in which there is an acute shortage of any vitamin (or several) as a result of malnutrition or pathological processes that interfere with its absorption. Hypovitaminosis is also a vitamin deficiency, but it is not caused by a decrease in their intake, but an increase in their consumption.
For example, diabetes affects the ability of internal organs to absorb vitamins and leads to vitamin deficiency. But pregnant women, taking a daily dose of nutrients, calculated on the average person, but spending it for two, in the end are dealing with hypovitaminosis.That is why they are prescribed special vitamin complexes for pregnant women with increased dosage.
Vitamin deficiency, depending on the causes of occurrence, is divided into two types:
- exogenous - appears as a result of the lack of the necessary vitamins in the body. Since most often this occurs in late winter - early spring due to the lack of a sufficient amount of vegetables and fruits, this type of beriberi is also called spring;
- endogenous - caused by violations of the synthesis process, developing as a result of diseases of the digestive organs. Since exacerbations of gastroenterological diseases occur, as a rule, in the fall, this type of vitamin deficiency is manifested at the same time of the year and is called the “autumn” one.
Endogenous form of avitaminosis can provoke dysbacteriosis, caused by prolonged use of antibacterial drugs. Therefore, while undergoing antibiotic treatment, do not forget to drink probiotics that restore the intestinal microflora.
What are the causes of beriberi?
Causes of beriberi can be divided into four main groups:
one.Nutritional deficiency - the undertake of vitamins by the body due to:
- their low content in products. "Greenhouse" vegetables and fruits are not as rich in nutrients as their counterparts grown in the open field, and therefore, eating the same amount of, say, tomatoes, in the "season" in winter and summer, you will get about a third more nutrients;
- reduce consumption of vitamin-containing food. In winter, for objective reasons, we eat less vegetables and fruits, and therefore vitamins come to us in a reduced volume;
- destruction. Heat treatment "kills" vitamins. Preferring fried, boiled and canned food, you reduce the consumption of useful substances and provoke their deficiency;
- long-term storage of products. The more they lie, the less benefit they have. For example, greens after a 24-hour stay in the fridge lose 60% of the nutrients.
2. Inhibition of the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Microorganisms living in the intestines themselves synthesize some vitamins. Uncontrolled intake of antibiotics suppresses the microflora, causes dysbacteriosis and leads to beriberi.
3. Low degree of assimilation of a certain vitamin by the body.The reason for this may be the individual characteristics of a person, old age, disorders in the work of internal organs caused by diseases, and so on.
4. Increase the need for vitamins. For example, during rehabilitation after an injury the body needs an increased dose of vitamins A, C and group B. If during this period their consumption stays the same, recovery of the body will be slower and may be accompanied by signs of beriberi.
Identify the cause of vitamin deficiency - only half the battle. To properly prescribe treatment, you still need to determine what kind of vitamin you are missing. The doctor will do this with a blood test. But you can also find out which vitamin deficiency has hit your body. Enough to carefully analyze the observed external signs and their own feelings.
Symptoms of beriberi
Polyavitaminosis - a deficiency of several vitamins - is extremely rare in people. It happens when a person is depleted as a result of starvation or an absolutely unbalanced diet, for example, mono-diet. However, most often we are dealing with mono-vitaminosis - the lack of a single vitamin. Which of these, you will learn from the following symptoms.
|Vitamin deficiency||Signs of||Vitamin rich foods|
||Liver, fish oil, egg yolks, butter, milk, salad, orange-red vegetables and fruits (pumpkin, apricots, viburnum), sorrel|
||Lean meat, cheese, kidneys, wheat flour and wheat germ, yeast, beans, mushrooms, rice bran, buckwheat, peas, hard cheese|
||Kiwi, lemons, oranges, black currants, dogrose, broccoli, onions, radishes, mountain ash, horseradish, celery, sorrel|
||Eggs, yeast, cod liver, milk, sour cream. This vitamin is produced by human skin under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.|
||Whole grain, vegetable oil, parsley, cilantro, cabbage, peanuts, sunflower seeds|
||Potatoes, buckwheat, rice, pearl-barley and millet groats, turnips, dill, bananas, peaches|
Treatment and prevention of beriberi
Avitaminosis is treated in a complex, and therapy depends on the type of the disease and the reasons for it. If you suffer from an exogenous form of vitamin deficiency provoked by nutritional deficiency, you will need to adjust your diet by supplementing the menu with vitamin-containing foods, or drink a course of multivitamins, the choice of which we wrote earlier.
If you have an endogenous type of avitaminosis, you will first have to eliminate its cause, and only then compensate the body for a lack of nutrients. For example, when avitaminosis is caused by the presence of parasites in the body, you first have to get rid of worms, and then drink vitamins.
Treatment of beriberi folk remedies
Traditional medicine also did not stay away from the problem called "vitamin deficiency." The recipes below will help restore vitamin reserves depleted during the winter.
Prepares easily and quickly compensates for the lack of vitamin C. Berries (5 tablespoons) are boiled in water (1 liter) for 5 minutes, and then infused under a closed lid for 8 hours. The resulting infusion should be drunk throughout the day. The course lasts 2 weeks. And keep in mind that dogrose also has a diuretic effect.
Infusion of viburnum
Kalina, like citrus fruits, is a source of vitamin C. Berries (1 tablespoon) should be poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 4 hours. Drink half a cup before meals 3 times a day. Course duration - 2 weeks.
Infusion of birch leaves
The leaves (100 g) should be washed, cut and pour boiling water (0.5 l), allowing to infuse for 4 hours. Take the infusion should be 3 times a day for 1 glass for 2 weeks. Well replenishes stocks of vitamin C.
To avoid vitamin deficiency, take care of prevention. First, ensure the presence of vitamin-containing products in your diet and try to subject them to minimal heat treatment. Secondly, use synthetic vitamin complexes, if you do not have the opportunity to enrich your menu with natural vitamins.And thirdly, lead a healthy lifestyle - it significantly reduces the risk of diseases that lead to a deficiency of nutrients.
Vitamin deficiency and the effect of vitamin deficiency on the aging process were the subject of discussion of the participants in the “All Be Good” program, which we offer to see: