Socotra in the Indian Ocean
Socotra in the Indian Ocean is a mysterious world full of myths and legends. Its ancient name is translated from Sanskrit as "the land of bliss." This island is located 250 km from Africa.
It is unique for its flora and fauna. Most species of plants and animals are endemic and are not found anywhere else in the world. And this is the only place on earth where they growunique bottle trees.
1. At the beginning of 1880, the first British research expedition, led by Professor Isaac Balfoor, arrived on the island of Socotra. Scientists intended to collect collections of rocks of animals and plants. The results of botanical research turned out to be staggering: in 48 days, more than 200 species of unknown plants were discovered in Socotra, some of which belonged to 20 new genera. Since then, the glory of the botanical paradise has firmly established beyond the island, it has become known as the “Galapagos of the Indian Ocean”.
Get off! (Photo by P. Medicus):
2. In 2003, Socotra, together with other islands of the archipelago, was declared a biosphere reserve. (Photo by Honza Krej):
3The Dragon Blood Tree is one of the most famous and distinctive plants of Socotra Island. (Fto Alex7370):
4. There are many birds living on the islands, including several endemics such as the Socotransky long-tailed starling. (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
5. Night landscape of Socotra in the Indian Ocean. (Photo by Jeremy Woodhouse):
6. Chameleon is closely watching us ... (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
7. The climate here is tropical desert and semi-desert. (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
8. Bottle trees are one of the symbols of the island of Socotra, since considered endemic, i.e. growing only in this place of the earth. Although, it should be noted that this is only partly true. Bottle trees exist in other countries, for example, in Australia, but a unique species of this tree grows on Socotra.
9. Dolphins. (Photo by James Morgan):
10. An old Indian legend tells that a bloodthirsty dragon who attacked elephants and drank their blood lived long ago in the Arabian Sea on the island of Socotra. But one day an old and powerful elephant fell on a dragon and crushed it. Their blood mixed up and moistened the earth around. At this place trees grew, called dragon trees, which means “female dragon”. (Photo by Marco Di Lauro):
11. Tree up to 10 meters tall with a thick trunk. His crown resembles an umbrella turned inside out with thick branches.At a young age, linear-sword-shaped, protruding, pointed leaves form a cap in the upper part of the trunk. With age, branches appear that branch dichotomously and eventually each branch ends in a dense bundle of densely arranged, leathery, pointed leaves up to 30-60 cm long. (Photo by Naeblys):
12. Winds paint patterns on the sands. (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
13. bottle trees fully correspond to their name, since the appearance really resembles a bottle or barrel filled with liquid. Thick base with a narrow neck at the top. Leaves dense and small.
14. Trees acquired their shape due to arid local climate and moisture deficit. Thick trunk and fleshy leaves, allow longer to keep fluid.
15. Sand formations. (Photo by Sunsinger):
16. Ordinary (Egyptian) vulture. (Photo by Sunsinger):
17. Socotra is one of the most isolated archipelagoes of continental (that is, non-volcanic) origin in the world. According to one of the scientific hypotheses, it separated from Africa in the middle Pliocene (approximately 6 million years ago). (Photo by Alex Martin Ros):
18. Socotra in the Indian Ocean from space. (Photo by NASA):
19. Residents of Socotra due to the isolation of the archipelago, due to the lack of regular transport links, especially in the monsoon season,almost do not feel the influence of the outside world. (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
20. (Photo by Khaled Abdullah Ali Al Mahdi):
21. (Photo by Vladimir Melnik):
22. Possessing a powerful root system, bottle trees sprout among stones and crevices.
23. In February, a period of flowering begins.