Secrets of the Oklo mine or the nuclear reactor of an ancient civilization
Proponents of the alien origin of mankind argue that in ancient times a space expedition could arrive in the solar system from the central part of the galaxy, where both the stars and the planets revolving around them are older, which means that life originated and reached high development earlier than ours.
Cosmic "Progressors" first settled down Phaeton, which at that time, when the Sun was younger and hotter, was most suitable for life.
And when a terrible war broke out on this planet, splitting it into parts and turning asteroids into a belt, the surviving part of humanity settled on Mars. After many years, the Martian civilization could not overstep its “nuclear threshold” in its development and was destroyed. But the colonists who had already mastered the Earth survived.
Proponents of this theory were not only science-fiction writers (Alexander Kazantsev, etc.).For example, in 1961, a Soviet scientist, mathematician and astronomer, an expert on ancient languages, Matest Agrest, published an article entitled “Cosmonauts of Antiquity”. The author believes that some artifacts and monuments of the past are evidence of the presence on Earth of representatives of some highly developed alien civilization.
He writes: “... it can be assumed that astronauts carried out a survey of the Solar System by small ships, starting from Earth. For these purposes, it may have been necessary to mine additional nuclear fuel on Earth and build special sites and storage facilities. ”
Mine in Oklo: reactor or ...
It is possible that the hypothesis of Mates Agrest confirms an unexpected discovery made in 1972. One French company mined uranium ore at the Oklo mine in Gabon. And during the usual analysis of ore samples, it was found that the percentage of uranium-235 in it is below normal.
Then a shortage of about 200 kilograms of this isotope was recorded. Specialists of the French Atomic Energy Commissariat sounded the alarm. After all, the missing substance is sufficient for the manufacture of several atomic bombs.
Further studies have shown that the concentration of uranium-235 in the Oklo mine is the same as in the spent fuel from the reactor of the nuclear power plant. So what is it? Is a nuclear repository? But how can this be, if it was created about two million years ago?
Puzzled nuclear scientists found the answer in an article published by American scientists George Vetril and Mark Ingram in 1956. Scientists have suggested the existence of long-standing natural nuclear reactors. And Paul Kuroda, a chemist at the University of Arkansas, even determined the necessary and sufficient conditions for a self-sustaining splitting process to spontaneously arise in the body of a uranium deposit.
In 1975, a scientific conference was held in the capital of Gabon, Libreville, at which the Oklo phenomenon was discussed. Most scientists have concluded that the mine is the only natural nuclear reactor known on Earth. It started about two million years ago spontaneously due to the unique natural conditions and worked for 500 thousand years.
What are these conditions? A layer of sandstone rich in uranium ore was deposited on a strong basalt bed in the river delta.As a result of tectonic activity, the basalt foundation plunged into the earth for several kilometers along with uranium-bearing sandstone. Sandstone cracked, groundwater began to penetrate into the cracks.
In the Oklo mine, as well as in nuclear furnaces of nuclear power plants, the fuel was located in compact masses inside the moderator. Water was the moderator. The ore contained clay "lenses". In them, the concentration of natural uranium from the usual 0.5% increased to 40%. After the mass and thickness of the layers reached a critical size, a chain reaction arose and the installation began to work.
Water was a natural regulator. Entering the active zone, it launched a chain reaction, which led to the evaporation of water, a decrease in the neutron flux and the termination of the reaction. After 2.5 hours, when the reactor core cooled down, the cycle was repeated.
Then another cataclysm raised the "installation" to its previous level, or uranium-235 burned out, and the reactor stopped working.
Although over half a million years this natural reactor produced 13 million kilowatt-hours of energy, its power was small. She was on average less than 100 kilowatts, which would be enough for a few dozen toasters to work.
... nuclear burial ground?
But for many nuclear scientists, the conclusions of the conference in Libreville raise great doubts.
After all, Enrico Fermi, the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, argued that a nuclear chain reaction could only be of artificial origin. On the one hand, if nature in some unimaginable way managed to launch it into Oklo, then for the permanent support of the reaction a number of factors should work, the probability of the simultaneous presence of which is practically zero.
In fact, the slightest shift of soil layers in this region, which at that time was distinguished by high tectonic activity, would lead to the shutdown of the reactor, and the previous conditions for its launch could hardly arise again. And if the regulator of the chain reaction was groundwater, then without the absence of artificial adjustment of reactor power, its spontaneous increase would lead to boiling water and stopping the process, and it is not a fact that it would start up again spontaneously.
On the other hand, the mine in Gabon is not very similar to a nuclear reactor created by a highly developed civilization. Its power is too small, the game is not worth the candle, as they say.Rather, it resembles the burial place of spent nuclear fuel. And it is equipped perfectly. For almost two million years, not a single gram of radioactive substances has penetrated the environment. Uranium is secured in a basalt sarcophagus.
In a closed circle
But if there is a repository with spent nuclear fuel, then there were both a reactor that produces atomic energy and a highly developed civilization that uses it. Where did she go?
Recently, there are more and more hypotheses that the current technocratic civilization is not the first on Earth. It is quite possible that highly developed civilizations that had mastered the most powerful forces of nature existed on our planet millions of years ago. But only one of them failed to use this power for good, for creation, and not for destruction.
At a certain stage of technocratic development, a confrontation of two or several state formations arose, which resulted in a world war with the use of such monstrous weapons that nuclear in comparison with it would seem like child's play. As a result, humanity destroyed itself, the very face of the planet changed, and by a miracle the surviving people fell into a primitive state, losing all knowledge and skills.
The last time such a global catastrophe occurred about 50 thousand years ago, when the arias (hyperborean) met in a deadly battle with the Atlanteans.
Having launched a tectonic weapon, the enemies achieved only the World Flood, as a result of which Hyperborea and Atlantis went under water, and new continents rose from the water, on which, after tens of thousands of years, a technocratic civilization developed to more terrible means of destruction.
Will she once again fail to stumble over the "nuclear threshold"? Will it break out of this vicious circle? Will it send its power to creation, not to destruction? There is no answer, neither science nor religion.