Scammers of the past

Scammers of the past

Behind sports victories and gold medals are years of hard training and overcoming yourself. Or cunning tricks of inventive scam.

Fred lorz1
At the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis, Fred Lorz, a member of the prestigious marathon, beat his rivals ahead, reaching the finish line by car. As it turned out, his legs cramped after the first third of the distance, and one of the fans offered to throw him up. But Lorz did not receive the award, as one of the official observers noticed his hitchhiking.

Ironically, the athlete Thomas Hicks, who came to the finish line second and became the leader due to the disqualification of Lorz, also won is not quite legitimate: for 7 kilometers before the end of the distance his coach gave him an injection so that he could run on.

Boris Onishchenko2
At the 1967 Olympic Games in Montreal, the Soviet pentathlete Boris Onishchenko was disqualified after a scandal. Boris was the favorite of the competition: a skilled rider, a good shooter, a swimmer, a swordman and a tireless runner, he led the whole team to victory.And on the fencing, the British coach noticed that, despite the fact that Onishchenko did not touch the opponent, a warning light was lit on the scoreboard. The British demanded to check the Soviet athlete.

However, initially there was no talk of fraud: a technical failure was assumed, a spontaneous short circuit of the electric fixation circuit of the injection. It turned out that Onishchenko was also a talented technician: on the inside of the sword cup there was a button with which Onishchenko could light a light bulb on the board remotely.

After the sword with the secret button was replaced, Onishchenko, the best swordsman in the USSR national pentathlon team of that period, was once again defeated by the Englishman with an “honest” sword. He then continued to win, winning eight of the remaining nine fights.

Stella Walsh3
A Polish-American woman began her career at school in Cleveland. Stella participated in the 1932 Olympics in the Polish national team, ran for 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 meters, jumped in height and length, threw a nucleus, a disk and a spear. She set 46 Polish records and 14 world records.

The athlete died on December 4, 1980 at the age of 69: in Cleveland, during a store robbery, she tried to fight the robber and was shot.According to American law, all bodies of athletes who die from unnatural causes are subject to autopsy. So, after Stella's death, it turned out that she was a hermaphrodite and had a double set of genitals (male, though underdeveloped), as well as the Y-chromosome.

Roberto Rojas4
One of the best goalkeepers in the history of Chilean football and one of the best goalkeepers in the world in the 1980s decided to help his team during the match, which decided who would get to the 1990 World Cup. The team of Chile played with the team of Brazil with the score 1: 1, and in the second game a firecracker got in the back of Rojas.

The goalkeeper with numerous cuts and scratches, from which oozing blood, was carried away from the field. As it turned out, Rojas himself injured himself with a scalpel, which he hid in his glove. The Chilean team was removed, and the Brazilians went to the World Cup. Rojas was for life disqualified. In 2001, however, the disqualification was canceled.

Tigran Petrosyan and Victor Korchnoi5
The two grandmasters managed to make the way from close friendship to mutual hostility on such a scale that they haven’t even spoken for the past seven years. In the early 1950s, Petrosyan and Korchnoi were friends of their families.Moreover, Petrosyan was married to a Jewish woman named Ron, and the Armenian woman Bela was Korchnoi’s wife. As Anatoly Karpov wrote in his memoirs, when chess players played at the tournament in Kyurosao in 1962, Rona persuaded Bela to convince her husband to lose to Petrosyan. As a result, Petrosyan won the tournament. And later, having won against Mikhail Botvinnik, the world champion.

No less strange episode occurred after 9 years. Petrosyan and Korchnoi met again at the chess table, and Korchnoi lost. There is information that he did it on purpose, under pressure from the authorities, for which he was allegedly promised three trips to the countries of the capitalist camp. Korchnoi himself refuted these conjectures with fervor, but next year he attended tournaments in Hastings, Amsterdam and Palma de Mallorca.

The friendship between the families of Petrosyan and Korchny ceased after Petrosian’s wife gossiped Korchnoi’s wife that her husband had a mistress during the championship in 1964 (Korchnoi won the Petrosian championship). After that, the chess players barely tolerated each other, and their game in 1977 in Odessa became the apotheosis. Petrosian had a habit of shaking his leg when he thought. This greatly irritated Korchnoi, and he began to beat his opponent on the knee. So that the matter did not reach the real fight, they even put a partition under the table.But during the decisive match, when Korchnoi won with the score 3: 1, Petrosyan shook his foot again. Korchnoi became indignant that he could not concentrate, and then Petrosyan simply refused to finish the match.

Robin Hurd6
One of the founders of the March team took part in the hoax, the goal of which was the victory of his rider Vittorio Brambilla at the 1975 Swedish Grand Prix on the track in Anderstorp. It was the first pole in the career of the rider. He drove his fastest lap with a score of 1.24.630, showing an average speed of 170.918 km / h. Many were surprised how the car achieved such acceleration. Robin Hurd later admitted that it was not the merit of the rider.

The Grand Prix organizers fixed the lap time with a special light beam. The British team guessed that it could be closed, and a few moments before the Brambilla car crossed the finish line, Hurd waved the information board and “accidentally” blocked the light beam of the line crossing sensor.

Sergio Motsoneng7
The Comrades Supermarathon Race in Africa begins in Pietermaritzburg and ends in Durban. Or vice versa - depending on whether the race is "up" or "down." The direction changes annually. The top ten winners receive prizes.Sergio Motsoneng in 1999 came in ninth and became one of the winners. But later it turned out that Sergio at the distance replaced the twin brother Fick.

The cameras showed that the runners changed at least twice. Proving the forgery was helped by the fact that the twins wore watches on different hands. Sergio was suspended for 11 years. In 2010, he again took part in the race and again received a disqualification. This time - for the use of doping.

Savao Funi8
At the 1904 Olympics, Japanese Sawao Funi became the first in pole vaulting. True, his technique was original. The athlete stuck a pole in front of the bar, and then, climbing on it, climbed an obstacle. When the judges explained to him that he needed to scatter, he fled. And then he repeated the maneuver.

Funi did not get the champion title, as the judges disqualified him for a non-standard approach. The athlete said that this is racial discrimination. And the newspapers in Japan came out with numerous articles about violations at the Olympics. It is not known, Funi really did not understand the meaning of the jumps or hoped to win using spaces in the rules, but after this incident during jumps it is forbidden to do his hands on the pole.

Emperor Nero9
Well, the very first cheater in the history of sports can be considered the emperor Nero.He had to take the game in Olympia, but with the help of bribing and intimidating the judges, he managed to disqualify absolutely all the participants, after which he became the winner in each discipline. Nero ordered to add a chariot race to the Games program, and his chariot was drawn by ten horses, and for the other participants - traditionally by a pair.

However, then the emperor decided that he did not need rivalry, and in proud solitude he rode in a circle to the cries of his subjects. In the creative competition Nero also became the winner.



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