Russophobia is what? Struggle against Russophobia
In recent years, due to the general tensepolitical situation in the world, especially against the backdrop of all sorts of insinuations of the West in relation to Russia, in different media, politicians, cultural figures and even ordinary citizens more often hear the word "Russophobia". In order to understand whether it really is so massive, it is first necessary to answer the question of what is Russophobia, the definition and meaning of this term also need to be deciphered.
What is Russophobia and what is it?
The word itself comes from "Russo" (referring toRussian) and Greek "phobos" (fear) and denotes rejection, bias, suspicion, and often hatred and aggression against the whole of Russia and Russia in particular. Russophobia is one of the directions of ethnophobia (Greek "ethnos" - "people"). And also it is one of the manifestations of xenophobia (Greek "xenos" - "alien"). However, it is Russophobia that is the whole ideology with its structure, concept, history of development and other characteristic manifestations. It should be divided into grass-roots and elite. The first is of a massive nature, this means that it is the people of this or that country that in most cases fear and despise everything Russian. The second one is political, it comes from the highest echelons of power that govern the country and form the state's position on the world stage.
The roots of the problem go back to the deep past, asat least in the 16th century, when Europe was discovered by Russia for itself. To many of them, Russia seemed wild, unacceptable, they were horrified by the mores, way of life and way of the Russian people, the Russian people turned out to be incomprehensible and mysterious. Russia was not like Europe they used to be, and people are often frightened by what they can not understand. These were only rudiments of Russophobia, which have an unsystematic character. Due to active propaganda, Russophobia began to spread by the Polish and Lithuanian states, as an active struggle for the lands of Rus was conducted between them and the Moscow State. Also one of the reasons were religious differences. The end of the XVIII - beginning of the XIX century is the time of the formation of Russophobia as a system. The very concept was first introduced by Fedor Ivanovich Tyutchev as an opposition to pan-Slavism.
The West as the founder of the problem
As for Europe, then, for example, in FranceRussophobia is the consequence of the failure of the Napoleonic campaign. It was in 1815 that Russophobic sentiments began to spread actively there, as European countries are accustomed to the fact that their culture and development are standard. France managed to conquer more than half of Europe, but here it was defeated by some wild and dense Russians. Germany under Hitler's rule was massively embraced by Russophobia, and not only. "The Russian must die" - that was the Nazi slogan. And although many years have passed, but Russophobia, once settled in society, with great difficulty can be eradicated, especially since the US continues to cultivate it, both on its own continent and spreading its influence over Europe. It's no secret to anyone that for the States, Russophobia is not a misunderstanding of the Russian soul, but a well-thought-out tactic for defaming Russia in the eyes of the world community, since it is the direct threat to that unipolar world order that they have established and to which they are accustomed. At the moment, the US actively imposes political Russophobia around the world, but they are doing it most actively in Europe and the countries of the former USSR.
The Near Abroad and the Post-Soviet Space
The Russophobic sentiments are quite vividly expressed inThe Czech Republic. It is believed that this is a consequence of the very aggressive suppression of the so-called "Prague Spring" by the USSR in the late 1960s. Now many direct participants of those events came to power. In Georgia, after the color revolution of 2003 and the coming of pro-American oppositionists to power, Russophobia also took place, which already took place for two centuries. In Poland, for many centuries Russophobia is an integral part of politics and society. Perhaps, Poland is one of the few countries where Russophobic tendencies prevail in both manifestations - both in the mass and in the political. After the collapse of the Union, the official authorities of the Baltic states began to pursue a very tough Russophobic policy. Russian people in these countries began to be perceived as a second class. The complete ousting of the Russian language, all the condemnation of Russia's actions and even support and sympathy for terrorists during the Chechen war are just some of the vivid examples of the often-expiring policies of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
Russophobia in Ukraine
In all post-Soviet republics after the collapseUnion began to actively revive and cultivate the national consciousness. Almost all former republics tried to distance themselves from Russia. But it was in Ukraine that this process was very active, especially when it accelerated after Viktor Yushchenko came to power. Again, like in the case of Georgia, this happened after the Orange Revolution, and in the same way, oppositionists targeting the States and opponents of Russia came to power. History corresponded, starting with the Moscow Principality, Ukraine was oppressed by the terrible Russians. On the converted history and changed values, a whole generation of Russophobes grew up. A consequence of this was the Maidan and a bloody coup in early 2014. In connection with this, a historic event occurred - the return of the Crimea to Russia. And the two regions of Donbass demanded federalization from Kiev and proclaimed themselves republics. Since that time in Ukraine, the attitude towards Russians has not only been spoiled, they have been hated, Russia has been accused of attacking an independent country. In a country that defeated fascism, it revived. Russophobia ascended to the level of national pride. And this despite the fact that more than half of the country speaks Russian, and about 25% of citizens consider themselves Russians. A huge influence on the consciousness of the people is provided by the media, which expose Russia as an aggressor, propagandize hatred for everything Russian.
The enemy within the country
Unfortunately, the problem takes place in theRussia, and its roots go back to pre-revolutionary times. As early as the nineteenth century, a considerable number of Russian public figures and the Russian intelligentsia were distinguished by Russophobic attitudes, were oriented toward Europe and hated all the truly Russian. In modern realities, the so-called Russian Russophobe elite was nicknamed the "fifth column". Unfortunately, this "fifth column" has taken deep roots in society, both in the political and cultural life of the country.
How to fight
Against the backdrop of a nationwide patriotic upsurgethe fight against Russophobia has become a very important aspect in recent times. And at all levels: inside the country and in the world space. A very harsh information war is now fought against Russia. Due to the fact that Russian people, their way of life and customs are still a mystery to foreigners, intercultural interaction is important. It is necessary not to close from other countries and cultures, but to conduct educational activities, informing ordinary people of other states about the essence of Russians and their country. Due to the crisis in Ukraine, it is especially important to report the truth about what is happening, which is breaking the lies of Western media about Russia's aggression. In view of the hardened western racism, it is believed that it is almost impossible to completely overcome Russophobia, but it is worth studying its dynamics and developing forms of influence on its manifestations.