Russia creates "Cephalopod"
Sea drones. It is quite logical that everything should have come to this. It is strange that they are so far behind the air.
It is reported that Russia is working on a new underwater autonomous drone, the armament of which is intended to destroy enemy submarines. Unmanned vehicle "Cephalopod" carries small light torpedoes that can destroy enemy submarines at great depths, turning them into an underwater battlefield.
Based on available sources, Sutton describes the Cephalopod drone as follows: “This is a very large version of an unmanned underwater vehicle, larger in size than the US Navy unmanned drone LDUUV.It has one propeller, which is very similar to those mounted on full-sized submarines.
This suggests that the "Cephalopod" is designed for long voyages with high stealth, to the detriment of maneuverability. But he has engines that can let him hover in the deep. Other Russian underwater unmanned underwater vehicles use several small engines that provide them with excellent maneuverability. ”
The drone is approximately 10 meters in size, a large dome for hydroacoustics in the bow, and retractable torpedo tubes. Cephalopod is armed with 324 mm light MTT torpedoes. Light torpedoes, such as MTT, are usually anti-submarine weapons that ships and anti-submarine helicopters are armed with. They have warheads with a smaller supply of explosives and a shorter range of action. The MTT torpedo has a range of up to 20 km with a cruising speed of 30 knots and a maximum speed of up to 50 knots. The maximum depth of the course is 600 meters, the weight of the warhead is 60 kg.
The Russian submarine fleet is rapidly aging, and it is replaced by autonomous unmanned submersibles, like the Cefalopod, which can solve tasksusually assigned to ordinary crewed submarines. One of the possible tasks for the Cefalopod could be the escort of Russian submarines with ballistic missiles on board, covering them from enemy submarines. Cephalopod could also protect naval bases and ports or operate in shallow sea areas, for example, in the Baltic Sea.
“Unmanned underwater vehicles change the strategy and tactics of naval wars. We do not know whether Russians are building “Cephalopod” serially, but in any case, they demonstrate their thinking in this area. "Cephalopod" with its torpedoes and a large sonar is designed to play an active role in the battles, Sutton concludes. “Small torpedoes are a big threat to American submarines.”