Pros and cons of basic flooring
The main features of the design of the laminate
This modern material is made on the basis of MDF or HDF. In fact, the laminate is a pressed hardboard. The role of the binder component is assigned to the polymer resin. The front side of the material is provided with a special protective coating. Its thickness does not exceed 1 mm. The strength of the layer directly affects the quality and wear resistance of the laminate.
On the back side of the coating there is a thin polymer layer. Its purpose - to protect the material from damage when in contact with moisture. The end parts are represented by various elements. They are based on the principle of the click lock - this is a simple latch that provides reliable fixation of the boards. When laying on the floor, this design turns the boards into a solid durable shield.
Linoleum: characteristics of traditional material
In the moderate price category linoleum is presented in two varieties:
The first type of products belongs to commercial coatings. The raw material for its production is polyvinyl chloride. The image is not a coating, but a dye that is implanted into the surface in a special way.
Such linoleum serves for a very long time even under conditions of intense loads. The disadvantage is that it is impossible to put a complex pattern on it.
The base can be made of both fabric and felt and other raw materials. This type of linoleum has useful performance characteristics:
- excellent thermal insulation;
- high sound insulation;
- original design drawing;
- increased work resource.
Arguments in favor of the choice of flooring
Solving an actual question like: “Laminate or linoleum - which is better to buy for the home?", Should consider such factors:
- sound insulation properties;
- heat retention;
- environmental friendliness of the material;
- moisture resistance indicators;
- optimum balance of necessary qualities and cost.
If you choose to cover the floor from the standpoint of sound insulation, then the winner will definitely be linoleum.This is a plastic material, which, thanks to the base of felt, guarantees high-quality sound absorption.
Laminate is also to some extent able to perform the task of sound insulation. This condition is satisfied only if it is provided with a thick substrate. If you put the laminate in the apartment, the sounds of the steps will be heard even to the neighbors.
What is warmer - an equal score!
According to the degree of heat conservation, it is difficult to give preference to any one of these materials.
If the laminate is insulated with only a 2-mm layer of substrate, then it will warm the floor no worse than its elastic counterpart. Such an improved flooring model will be much more expensive.
The result of the comparative analysis is ambiguous. If the laminate has a foam substrate, it will warm the floor better than thick linoleum. The latter should not be the substrate. Making a choice on the principle of heat, be guided by your own financial capabilities.
What is better for health and ecology?
The assessment of environmental friendliness is somewhat incorrect, because both one and the other material contains artificial components. For example, laminate can not be called 100% natural coating. It consists of phenol-formaldehyde resin.
Both coatings can theoretically be put on the floor in the living room and in the kitchen. Their safety is confirmed by the relevant certificates. When purchasing both linoleum and laminate, you should make sure that such documents are available.
To destroy the worn linoleum, not enough heat exposure. Such a process is associated with the formation of toxic substances.
What to do in the kitchen floor?
If the flooring is purchased in the kitchen, then moisture resistance of the material becomes paramount. Water vapor is usually present in this room. It is formed in the process of cooking and washing cutlery.From time to time water spills on the floor.
Given these specific operating conditions, it is better to choose linoleum for the kitchen. This is a practical functional material, which is not afraid of moisture. Laminate flooring is not designed for such extreme effects. Cold (and even more so - hot) water will quickly cause deformation of the floor.
Linoleum has other consumer benefits. If you suddenly break through the pipe, then you will not flood the neighbors. The coating simply will not miss the water. Even the felt substrate does not hurt to use such material for the kitchen. When wet, you just need to flip the cover and dry it.
An important question is the repair budget.
It is considered that laminate is a more expensive floor material. There is some truth in this. The cheapest linoleum models are 1.5-2 times more economical than low-cost laminate options. The best linoleum and luxury laminate are priced in a ratio of 1: 2.5.
In addition to the objective qualities of materials, there is another feature associated with their use.It is how difficult it is to prepare the floor for the upcoming decoration.
On this basis, linoleum can not be compared with a woody rival. The first one needs a smooth surface without defects and irregularities. This is due to the high elasticity of the material. Hard boards perfectly hide any floor flaws. If there is no possibility (or desire) to level the surface, then it is better to use laminate.
Do not forget about the aesthetic side of things. Laminate looks more solid and respectable. To make a rational choice of flooring, evaluate your material capabilities, practicality and wishes regarding the interior. This will help to find the best coverage and make the perfect repair in the house!