Mycoplasma and ureaplasma. Causes, diagnosis, treatment
Venerology includes many diseases. Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are considered opportunistic, that is, not all specialists consider it necessary to treat these pathologies. But other doctors prescribe medications. And which of them is right? What should the patient do? What tests help detect these bacteria?
Mycoplasma and ureaplasma include severalspecies. It can be determined only by means of special analyzes. Most often, only Mycoplasma genitalium is treated. It has a high level of pathogenicity. Often this bacterium causes infectious diseases of the genital tract. Most often the asymptomatic carrier is a woman, not a man. Perhaps intrauterine infection at the time of passage of the fetus through the birth canal. But most often ureaplasma and mycoplasma are transmitted sexually. In the future they can lead to a number of unpleasant diseases and cause infertility.
The most reliable method of diagnosis is PCR andbuckling. After receiving the results of the analysis, the doctor will examine the results. After making a decision to treat or not. As a rule, ureaplasma can be part of the normal microflora of a woman. But in combination with other microorganisms: chlamydia, gonococci, trichomonads, gardnerella, herpes viruses, - gives a number of symptoms. Together, all this is more difficult to cure, since microbes are easier to resist the action of drugs. As a rule, mycoplasma, ureaplasma manifest symptoms at the moment of weakening of immunity, stress, after surgery, hypothermia, chronic diseases. In men, the bladder, urethra, and prostate are affected. Women have a vagina and a uterus.
Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are dangerous for a pregnant womanwomen. According to the studies carried out during intrauterine infection, severe fetal pathologies occur. After birth, the baby is disturbed by the work of the central nervous system, kidneys, bronchi, eyes, and liver. Weight may decrease. The complexity of treatment lies in the fact that in children before puberty, it is almost impossible to take material for analyzes from the cervical canal or vagina.
That's why all pregnant women shouldcheck for sexually transmitted infections. Many of the diseases can cause miscarriages, interfere with the development of the fetus and lead to severe pathologies. Mycoplasma and ureaplasma are no exception.
In fact, everything is not so scary. Treatment consists in restoration of normal microflora and destruction of all pathogenic bacteria. To do this, apply certain groups of antibiotics. Do not be superfluous and the use of immunomodulators.
In addition to using medicines, doctorsrecommend to follow a diet. This will form a normal microflora with beneficial bacteria. So everyone needs to eat sour-milk products. Try to exclude or minimize fatty, smoked, sweet, alcohol, fried foods.
Also, you need to exclude sex for the duration of treatment. The partner must also take tests. Infections such as mycoplasma and ureaplasma can lead to certain health problems.