Moses (part 1). Brief summary

Olga Scherbak
17.12.2014

Moses (part 1). Brief summary

It is believed that Moses lived in the XIII century before Christ. He was born in an era when the decree of the Egyptian pharaoh Raamesses II that all babies of the male Jewish people should be killed after birth was in effect. Why? The Bible gives a spiritual answer - it is a consequence of the loss of faith, the forgetfulness of God Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.


From the ancient Egyptian religion, he carried the feeling of the one God.
The second main feature of the ancient Egyptian religion wasfaith in the resurrection of God. (Man was resurrected in a new life, in a new body, in the kingdom of Osiris, the kingdom of God, who died and rose again.)
The idea of ​​God dying and resurrecting for people, the idea that people in the future kingdom will be resurrected in a new, different body and attached to God, was in some ancient religions. She was also in the ancient primitive religious systems. This knowledge, as one liturgical formula says, ismemory of the future. The idea of ​​the resurrected Adonis, Osiris arose in various religions.This is a grain of hope for the future of Christ. After all, man was not saved in Osiris, because God had not yet conquered darkness for man.
Moses’s life is divided into three stages of forty years. Forty biblical years. The measure of full maturity is forty years before escaping, another forty years is the beginning of his mission towards the people and forty years of life remaining when he drove the people through the desert.

 
Once Moses saw an unusual phenomenon - a bush that burned with a strange fire, glowed and did not burn. Thisimage of burning and fireproof bushthen it will be used many times in both the Old Testament interpretations and in the New Testament hymns. At first it symbolized Israel, which passes through all the trials, then transferred to the Christian church as to New Israel. Over time, other interpretations of this image appeared: they began to apply it to the Most Holy Mother of God and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself.
Moses saw this strange vision, heard the voice of God and covered his face because he was afraid to look to God. When Moses will later descend from Mount Sinai to his compatriots, they, too, will not be able to look at him, because after communion with God his face will glow.This great image means that he touched the Incomprehensible and was filled with the light with which He bestowed it. From here originates the teaching of St. Gregory Palamas about the uncreated light, with which God pervades the whole world.

 

The conversation of Moses with God is described, on the one hand, in the form already familiar to us - the revelation to the righteous of God. On the other hand, he did not immediately respond to the call of God to save the Jewish people from the Egyptians and bring them out of Egypt "to the land of good." The Lord pushes Moses to take up this ungrateful, from the earthly point of view, work. Moses comes up with all sorts of excuses to refuse. But the Lord promises to give him "special power." In the end, Moses agrees. He will become for the Jewish people at the same time a prophet, and a leader, and a teacher of religious law.

 

The lord revealsMoses Cyour name: «I am the I Am". This name has four aspects of meaning.
The first aspect can be deduced from the word Suzy. The present is a derivative of the verb "to be." thereforeJehovah means "giving to all being."The source of being, the Creator, the First Word, the First Cause, everything from Him and everything in Him.


The second aspect of this word belongs to the category of time and space. We cannot stop time and rise above it.God is above time and space. He is above all.

 

Aspect Three:God is the only reality. What is attached to Him is real, forever. What is divorced from Him is mortal, doomed. The invisible of God (the spiritual world) is more real than the visible material.


The fourth aspect, personal. I am the one who is. He is the one. He is He.

 

Since we have already started talking about the personality of God, then we can say about one more aspect that brings us closer to understanding the name of God. It is amazing that God is called Holy. Holiness in the Old Testament is understood in a slightly different sense than in everyday conversation.Holiness means separation, untouchability to something. In this case it is meant thatGod is not involved in evil. It turns out that there are areas in which God does not participate, for which he is not responsible.

 

For example, the evil in Sodom and Gomorrah was not created by God. And the punishment for him is not ontological evil, punishment is always perceived as a sign of future salvation. Punishment is learning. From a Christian point of view, in the Old Testament punishment takes very rough and cruel forms. But the Old Testament is a different Testament, it pursued certain temporary goals.When these goals were achieved, grace came. Educative and violent measures were necessary within that logic and psychology. But it is impossible. Who said that it is wrong? God love said.

 

God the Love is the new, New Testament name of God.Jehovah's Witnesses only know the old name of God. And they do not know that God is love. This is more important than the fact that God is Jehovah. That God is Jehovah is a revelation in a controversy with the nations surrounding Israel.

 

Moses asks Pharaoh to let the people go, but he refuses him every time. Therefore, the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh and sent ten executions to the Egyptians, that is, punishments and calamities. But Pharaoh hardened every time more and more, so that in general there was no hope for the Jews to leave Egypt. But God heard their prayers and performed a miracle.

 

Before leaving EgyptJews made pesach for the first timepassing by. The word “pesah” had two meanings: first, the Jews came out of Egypt, passing by the “sleeping” pharaoh in the figurative sense, and secondly, the angel-destroyer who killed all the firstborn in Egypt, passed by the Jews who anointed at the request of Moses blood sacri fi ed shoals and crossbars of its doors.
 
Sacrificial lambwhom they ate before leaving the Egyptian captivity,will become a type of Christ crucified for us.

 

Those who went out with Moses took the covenant and were circumcised, even if they were from another tribe, became Israelites. According to the biblical authors,The Israelite is not every national Jew, but one who believes in God, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses.The Israeli people was formed precisely on the basis of religion. Who is with Moses is an Israelite.

 

Soon after the Jews left Egypt, the army of Pharaoh overtook them. And then a miracle happened again -the miracle of crossing the Red Sea. His commentators explain either by the sea tide, or by the fact that the fugitives crossed the swampy part of the sea, and the army of Pharaoh got bogged down in the mud. But for us it is not important how it was, but the spiritual meaning of what happened. When there is an insurmountable obstacle around, and the enemy comes behind and there is no hope for salvation, suddenly a miracle happens through prayer to God. Then the Jews saw that God did not rest on the seventh day, but was near them, helping them.


Moses will lead the Jews in the desert for forty biblical years. By almost closed loop.This path is a symbol of the spiritual path, the spiritual quest.He shows us how hard it is to get out of slavery.
The first generation will die in the desert. It will not enter a new life. Moreover -even Moses himself will not enter a new life.He will remain on the threshold of a new uncharted life. For once the grumbling of the people brought Moses to the point that he himself lost his temper and doubted God's help. This was enough for God to say to him: and you will no longer be able to enter there.
At the beginning of the desert wanderings, Moses commanded the Jews to undergo a three-day cleansing. And he went to the mountain, drew a line beyond which it was impossible to cross, and the famous tablets with ten commandments that shook the world brought the people from God.
Their uniqueness lies in the fact that all the commandments are justified in the first commandment.
First commandment- not just a commandment, it isthe formula of the covenant, the union of God with the people of Israel.
I.ethe Godserved in these commandmentsunquestioned authority. All is good only when God says it. All that God rejects is bad.
All the other commandments flow from the first. The second, third and fourth commandments are related to God.With a vertical component of the spiritual life.
The second commandment:Do not make yourself an idol.So that the symbolic image was never a reason for idolatry,in Israel, this issue was resolved dramatically - no images of God. God is incomprehensible.
Third commandment- prohibition to mention the name of God in vain. In the code of ethics it is inconvenient to talk about a person in the third person, if he is near. About God all the more you should not say so. He's here next.
 
The fourth commandment.The commandment of the Sabbath, of peace. The Jews had no idea of ​​the Incarnate God, but they hadthere was one day a week, Saturday, when they could enter into the most intimate communion with God and not burn. On this day, God was at peace.On this day, the Jews, having renounced everything, mysteriously experienced a meeting with God. Saturday is the memory of a lost paradise.Saturday is the maximum possible feeling before the time of God who has not yet become incarnated.These experiences of God fall on the seventh day.

 

For Christians, the seventh day falls on Sunday - on this day we are experiencing a meeting with the Resurrected Savior. Resurrection for a true Christian is impossible without communion.
The fifth commandment:honor your father and your mother, may it be good for you and longevity on earth. This commandment emphasized thata man honored his parents, but he did not deify.Honor father and mother, because they are accomplices in My act of bringing you from non-being into being.
The sixth commandment:do not kill But not all murder was forbidden in the Old Testament. The fact of depriving a person of life was not prohibited at all.It was forbidden to kill a criminal character.
Seventh Commandment:do not commit adultery. Although at that time it was allowed to have many wives and concubines, the institution of marriage still existed. The seventh commandment taught thatcan not change marriage.For the fact that through measure leads to the opposite consequences - it turns the joy of married life into a tragedy. Know the measure of love!


The eighth commandment:do not steal. According to the Old Testament notions, material is given by God to man in order for him to realize his talents through him. Therefore, property is sacred. The one who encroaches on another's property offends the God who gave this property to the person.

 

The ninth commandment- about perjury.
All that today we call civil lawin Israel, it was based on religious law, religious law - on the ten commandments, ten commandments - on the first commandment, which refers to the indisputable authority of God. That was the structure that raised to the sky. And in this system of theocracy, the concept of testimony was of great importance.
Tenth commandmentis anthe beginning of asceticism. She says that not only your affairs, but also the thoughts and wishes of God knows. Do not desire someone else's (someone else's wife, someone else's cattle, someone else's house). The question is not even that do not do it, but do not even wish it. This is a struggle with thoughts.

 

In the future, on the basis of these ten commandments, other commandments and commentaries to them were created. They are in the Pentateuch, in Exodus and Deuteronomy.
 
In the Old Testament it is also said - turn away from evil and do good. The first commandment says only how to evade evil. But in the future the Books of the wise of Israel, in particular the Books of Proverbs, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiastes will be taught how to do good.


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  • Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary

    Moses (part 1). Brief summary