Innovative teaching methods - new ways of development of school and university education
Since the beginning of the XX century, world pedagogical science is working to ensure that both school and university education are appliedinnovative teaching methods. The result of this work was the emergence of schools of a new type - profile, national schools, lyceums, gymnasiums, colleges.
Changes have also affected the structure of higher education. There is a multi-level system that unites institutions of post-graduate education, as well as those that provide higher and secondary vocational education. International universities and private universities started to operate, academies and universities became the main institutions of higher education.
In the pedagogical processinnovative teaching methodsprovide for the introduction of innovations in goals, methods,content and forms of education and upbringing, in the joint activity of the teacher and student. These innovations can be specially designed, already developed or re-emerged due to the pedagogical initiative.
Methods of Innovation in School Education
Today many teachers use modern technologies andinnovative methods of teaching in school. These methods include active and interactiveforms used in training. Active provide an active position of the student in relation to the teacher and to those who are educated with him. During lessons with their use textbooks, notebooks, a computer are used, that is, individual means used for training.
Thanks to interactive methods,effective mastering of knowledge in cooperation with other students. These methods belong to collective forms of learning, during which a group of students works on the material being studied, each of them being responsible for the work done.
Interactive methods contribute to the qualitative assimilation of new material. To them belong:
- exercises that are creative;
- group tasks;
- educational, role-playing, business games, imitation;
- lessons-meetings with creative people and specialists;
- classes aimed at creative development - lessons-performances, making films, publishing newspapers;
- use of video materials, the Internet, visualization;
- solving complex problems and problems with the help of "decision tree" methods, "brainstorming".
thereforeinnovative methods of teaching in schoolcontribute to the development of cognitive interest inchildren, are taught to systematize and generalize the studied material, discuss and discuss. Comprehending and processing the acquired knowledge, students acquire the skills of applying them in practice, gaining the experience of communication. Unquestionably,innovative teaching methodshave advantages over traditional, because they contribute to the development of the child, teach him independence in cognition and decision-making.
Peculiarities of application of methods of innovation of education in higher education institutions
The main task of a higher educational institutionThe current stage is the training of specialists who are able to respond flexibly and in a timely manner to changes that occur in the world. Therefore, to prepare students for professional activities in the future and usedinnovative methods of teaching in higher education.
To such methods belongs problem training,providing for the formation of skills for solving problematic problems that do not have an unambiguous answer, independent work on the material and the development of skills to apply the acquired knowledge in practice.
Alsoinnovative teaching methodsprovide interactive training. It is aimed at active and deep mastering of the studied material, development of the ability to solve complex problems. Interactive activities include simulation and role games, discussions modeling situations.
One of the modern methods is trainingthrough cooperation. It is used for working in small groups. This method aims to effectively assimilate the educational material, develop the ability to perceive different points of view, the ability to cooperate and resolve conflicts in the process of teamwork.
Currently usedinnovative methods of teaching in higher educationThey also include a method whose priorityare moral values. It promotes the formation of individual moral attitudes based on professional ethics, the development of critical thinking, the ability to represent and defend one's own opinion.
Innovative methods have made it possible to change the role of the teacher, who is not only a carrier of knowledge, but also a mentor who initiates creative searches for students.