How to treat false croup in a child?
False croup and its causes
Croup is a respiratory disorder. It can be caused by various infections - bacterial and viral. Most often, the disease occurs in children aged three months to three years. After five years, children usually do not get sick with croup.
There are two types of the disease:
- The first is diphtheria croup. Its symptoms are manifested in a significant difficulty in breathing and the inflammatory process of the vocal cords. Due to the development of vaccination, which involves the mandatory vaccinations for children against diphtheria, recently doctors are less likely to diagnose diphtheria croup.
- The second type of the disease is false croup in children. To date, it is quite common. However, not all children are affected. Someone gets a runny nose after infection - this means that the virus has infected the nasopharynx. If bronchitis develops, it means that the virus has infected the bronchi.The causes of false croup are that the viral infection affects the larynx. It can be concluded that the disease develops against the background of individual predisposition in babies with a special anatomical structure of the larynx. This explains the situation when some children suffer from croup several times, and some have never encountered such a health disorder at all.
This explains the fact that the same virus can lead to hoarseness in an adult, and in a child provoke false croup. Experts argue whether the disease has a genetic predisposition. Of course, in some cases, the disease is inherited. But most often the main reason for becoming the conditions of the baby.
Symptoms of false cereals have long been studied and described in the medical literature. The hallmark of the disease is a dry cough, which has a barking character. In some cases, coughing leads to loss of voice.Often parents notice that the crying of the baby is accompanied by wheezing.
In addition, false croup in children has the following manifestations:
- increased body temperature;
- bluish skin (especially lips);
- difficulty breathing;
- rapid breathing.
The peak incidence is due to outbreaks of seasonal respiratory diseases, since false croup is one of their complications. This is mainly autumn and spring. But the disease can overtake the baby in the summer. In any case, the child needs medical assistance, the rules for the provision of which all parents must be aware of.
When should a doctor be called?
In most cases, it is possible to treat false croup at home - this is the recommendation given by Dr. Komarovsky, who is respected by modern parents. The fact is that according to statistics, children during the first croup are hospitalized in 90% of cases. Repeated disease leads to treatment in the hospital already in 30% of cases. This should be explained by the fact that moms and dads are already aware of how to carry out treatment at home.
It is important to note that doctors who come to an ambulance call often decide whether emergency hospitalization is necessary, based on two factors. The first is the state of the child. The second is the conditions in which the baby is. If there are a lot of carpets in the room, the heater is working, the air is dry, the room is a little ventilated - this suggests that the conditions do not contribute to the recovery of the baby. In this case, doctors can insist on the treatment of the child in the hospital.
What is the task of parents when the baby is sick with false croup? It is necessary to provide high humidity in the room. At the same time the room should not be too hot. It’s best to cover the battery with something. The room should be ventilated every two hours. To help parents, it is worth buying a hygrometer, which will show how optimal the microclimate is for the room.
There is one excellent way to help ease the breathing of a child and speed up the treatment of the disease.
In this case, do not try to bathe your child - you should just be in a cool and humid microclimate, which provides a bath filled with cold water.
In which case you need to call an ambulance? First, the reason should be shortness of breath, a very high temperature and deterioration in the evening. If the baby feels unsatisfactory, then at night one should expect an even greater exacerbation of the disease. All over the world, doctors advise to carry out the treatment at home, in order not to expose the baby to additional stress. Any medical manipulations - injections, droppers, can provoke a spasm of the larynx due to the fact that the child suffers stress at this moment. For this reason, it is better to provide medical care at home.
False croup treatment
In accordance with international standards, it is prohibited to use expectorant drugs, antispasmodics, antibiotics to treat false croup. Unfortunately, the standards of domestic medicine are still far from international, as a result of which non-professional treatment is prescribed. Skilled emergency care for most types of croup involves the use of two types of drugs.They are used in all countries where medicine is developed at a high level.
The first type is anti-inflammatory hormones. In any case, such drugs should not be injected into the child’s body by injection. Usually they are used in the form of suppositories, inhalations or drops in the mouth. The second type of medicine is concentrated adrenaline, specifically designed to treat croup. It is used in the form of inhalation to reduce laryngeal edema, and leads to an immediate relief of the dangerous symptoms of the disease.
The treatment described above is used in all progressive countries and leads to the improvement of the child’s condition in just a few minutes. Despite the fact that false croup is a rather dangerous disease, with qualified help and the correct actions of parents it will not harm the baby. About what the symptoms of this disease, should know all the moms and dads. And it is very important not to expose the child to nervous stress, which aggravates the patient's condition.