How to recognize human immunodeficiency virus in a woman?
What is HIV?
HIV is a retrovirus that causes the same infection. The disease can be transmitted in various ways:
- Through direct contact of the blood or the wounded mucous of a person, on which there are biological excrements of the infected (blood, semen, breast milk, etc.).
- Infection can occur during unprotected intercourse or blood transfusion, as well as during pregnancy and childbirth, transferred from mother to child.
That is why women should be especially attentive to their health.
The only and reliable way to diagnose a disease is medical research. Women can do an analysis right during pregnancy. It is offered to all comers, but is not mandatory, so you can refuse to take blood. However, it must be understood that the sooner the infection is detected,the greater the chance for a woman to give birth to a healthy baby and to live as long as possible. In this situation, you can not miss the time, because it is really priceless.
How to recognize the disease?
In order to effectively fight the disease, it is important to clearly know the first signs of HIV in women.Symptoms of the disease rarely begin to appear immediately. The presence of the virus can be detected only after a few years (there are cases when people have lived with it, unaware, 10-12 years).
At the initial stage, they manifest up to several weeks after infection and include:
- sore throat;
- enlarged lymph nodes;
- elevated temperature.
Such signs of infection, many take for a cold or food poisoning. Moreover, then the symptoms pass. However, HIV at this time is actively developing and is soon detected in patients "in all its glory."
At the subsequent stages of HIV, all kinds of vaginal infections appear. The development of the disease in women occurs depending on the immunity of the affected and the severity of the disease.
Another stage of HIV is characterized by the fact that the symptoms of the infection may appear unexpectedly, and spontaneously disappear after a few days. Signs of this stage are as follows:
- inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs;
- ulcers, ulcers, warts appear on women’s vulva.
With HIV, an increase in lymph nodes is consistently observed. They can be felt independently on the neck, in the armpits or groin.
If you take time, then in the absence of proper treatment, the progression of the disease begins.
Other symptoms of HIV appear in women:
- sweating (especially at night);
- a sharp decrease in appetite and weight loss;
- constant feeling of tension;
- prolonged depression;
There is fatigue, which does not pass after sleep and rest, there is no desire to do anything. These symptoms of the disease suggest that the woman is undergoing depletion of the immune system and the whole body.
With the running form of infection, white spots are formed on the mucous membrane of the mouth, similar to signs of stomatitis. Herpetic eruptions appear around the mouth, and the genitals are covered with a large number of ulcers.
Due to weakened immunity, persistent pneumonia begins. In patients with the last stage of the infection often turn into complicated forms, which leads to death. Photos of all stages can be found on the Internet.
The last stage of HIV is called AIDS.
HIV Prevention Methods
Many wonder what the means of getting rid of HIV are.
In modern times, complex therapy is used to treat a disease, which consists of the simultaneous administration of several antiviral agents. One drug for treatment can be prescribed only in case of pregnancy of the patient.
The most common medicine is “AZT”. Its effectiveness is proven by clinical studies.
During pregnancy, the drug can be divided into three parts: during gestation, childbirth and the baby in the first six weeks of life.
It is important to identify the first symptoms of the disease.
Since the symptoms in the initial stages can easily be confused with signs of other completely harmless diseases, be always especially attentive to your health.