How to learn to evaluate antiques yourself?
What to do if during the regular cleaning in the old storeroom you found interesting things that may be of historical and cultural value? You will help a careful evaluation of antiques, thanks to which it is possible to identify the authenticity of the product, its age, manufacturer and many other secrets.
For crockery there are 2 categories of antiquities: cutlery (knives, forks, spoons, spatulas) and the actual containers for something: liquids, bulk solids, etc.
There are several ways to determine the real value of stucco. Evaluation of porcelain antiques is mainly based on the following criteria:
- artistic value of the product;
- real or estimated age;
- presence of stamps from the manufacturer;
- the noble name of the past owner;
- safety of the product.
Of course, some of these criteria are very conditional - such can be attributed to possession of a thing by eminent persons in the past, appearance and artistic value.
Nevertheless, such parameters as the age and the name of the manufacturer speak volumes. For example, now it is quite possible to buy porcelain from the end of the nineteenth century and under. If you are too easy to get an older copy, think about the authenticity of such a product.
In addition, the evaluation of antique antiques directly depends on the brand that produced the dishes.
Carefully study the stamps and stamps of famous porcelain houses in different periods of history - there are times when printing marks of the same manufacturer have changed, transformed and improved over time. For example, the photograph above shows the seal of the same factory at different times.
One of the most famous are such companies as the British Wedgwood and Waterford Crystal, German brands Rosenthal and Nymphenburg - fans of antiques are a real hunt for their work.
Estimating the value of a silver object begins with the fact that the material from which the product is created is tested for authenticity. After all, very often ordinary aluminum imitations are issued as jewelry.
So, here are a few rules by which the assessment of table silver will be much faster and easier:
- silver is a non-magnetised material.With the help of an ordinary magnet, you can check whether your product is attracting or not;
- silver cutlery is very conductive - for example, in your hand a spoon of this metal will instantly become warm;
- The natural reaction of silver in chemical interaction with sulfur is blackening. Therefore, just spread a small area of the product with any sulfur ointment bought from a pharmacy for a while.
Remember: the precious metals that make up the dishes, do not stain hands and surrounding objects. If after them, a small footprint or dirt remains on your hands - most likely, you just have a poor-quality fake.
In addition, we must not forget about the sample, which is put both on jewelry and on dishes made of precious metals. Evaluation of antiques is impossible without knowledge of the samples that are used in the manufacture of cutlery.
For example, 916 or 960 samples were used in the manufacture of completely precious items. The number 999 indicates that silver of the highest quality is indeed present in the product, but only in the form of the thinnest brass coating protecting it from corrosion.
Recently, at the peak of popularity, interior design in the style of vintage and apartment decoration products "antique". Due to the appearance in the furniture market of a huge number of artificially aged products, it becomes difficult for novice collectors to distinguish real antique masterpieces from artificially aged ones.
Evaluation of furniture antiques passes by several criteria:
- manufacturing firm;
- used materials;
- some features of the furniture business that are outdated with time.
As an example, the method of fastening can be cited - if now metal nails, screws, screws are used to connect furniture parts, in the past, wooden analogs or specially cut grooves, for which parts of the object clung like parts of a single mosaic, performed their function.
It is quite natural that the antique furniture contains scratches, abrasions, chips. In the original interior items defects will never look “perfect” - there are no absolutely even scratches. Typical places of occurrence of defects during proper operation are the table surface, the bottom of the legs, the back of the backs.
Pay attention also to the fabrics that were used to upholstered sofas, armchairs and chairs - the use of modernized motifs on them is excluded.
Often, expensive types of wood in fakes are replaced by cheaper counterparts - a careful assessment of antiques will help to reveal this deception. For example, instead of ebony pear or apple is often used, rosewood is replaced with walnut and oak blanks. It is even worse when, instead of wooden panels, fraudsters use ordinary chipboard.
Novice antiquary, as a rule, is difficult to assess the quality of a tree and its age, so ideally you should have small bars - examples of valuable breeds, by comparing which you will be able to reveal deception.
The numismatics and faleristics market suffers the most from fakes. Unfortunately, the evaluation of antiques in this case is possible only by an experienced master.
Nevertheless, some obvious signs of deception can be seen and you, armed with the following tips.
Both coins and medals are produced in various ways of chasing. For example, the main method of achieving a highly detailed image is casting - molten metal is poured into a previously prepared mold,which must be left there before cooling. If you want to get a wide edge of the image, photoetching is used.
Carefully read the history of the instance that you want to evaluate - as a rule, along with the year of issue, the technology of making coins or awards is indicated. This hook will help you determine authenticity.
Knowing the history of collectible things will help you also in the following - often in the passport of each antique product it is indicated how many similar specimens were created at one time. And if the circulation was negligible - for example, some coins are known in quantities of no more than 5 pieces all over the world - you should have doubts.
Of course, all the features of antiques are not listed. However, taking into account at least these highlights, the evaluation of antiques will be given to you much easier.
An example of the work on the study of the authenticity of old books you can see in the next video.