How to learn about pregnancy at home

How to find out about pregnancy at home?

What should you know about the menstrual cycle?

Every month in the female body matures egg, which is necessary for conceiving a child. This process controls the endocrine system. The most important sex hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle are progesterones and estrogens. Female menstrual cycle normally has a duration of 21 - 35 days. Duration depends solely on the individual and age characteristics of the organism.

If menstruation comes irregularly, the duration of the menstrual cycle is more than 35 days or less than 21 days - this is the reason to immediately consult a doctor to establish the cause and assign a qualified treatment.

Ovulation processIn the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs, which is the rupture of a follicle that has matured in the egg cell and the release of the egg cell into the abdominal cavity. After that, the egg enters the fallopian tube, continuing its way through the female body to conceive.If sexual intercourse occurs at this point, then the likelihood of fertilization of the egg occurs. This process takes place in the fallopian tube. A fertilized egg enters the uterus, where it is implanted to the walls of the uterus. If the process was successful, then we can state the onset of pregnancy.

If for any reason conception did not occur, the mucous layer of the epithelium is separated from the walls of the uterus and menstruation occurs. An unfertilized egg comes out together with menstrual secretions. Every month hormones coordinate this process. The uterus prepares to receive the egg, the size of the epithelium increases to create all the conditions for implantation of a fertilized female germ cell. The cycle repeats over and over again, preparing the organism every month for carrying a child.

Planning a pregnancy with a doctorIt is desirable that the pregnancy comes planned. There is a whole range of measures to help prepare for such an important event. It includes taking special vitamins, medical examination of doctors of all specializations, curing existing diseases, consulting with a geneticist.It should also be noted that the signs of pregnancy in the first days described in the article will accompany a healthy woman with a regular menstrual cycle and the correct hormonal background. If there are violations, then these symptoms can either not occur at all, or appear without the occurrence of pregnancy.

The main signs of pregnancy

Delay

The main symptoms of pregnancy in the first days are those signs that the expectant mother feels even before she probably finds out about her situation.

The most important symptom is a delayed menstruation.

Each woman should maintain a female calendar, in which the date of the last menstruation should be recorded. If after 21 - 35 days she did not come, you should do a pregnancy test at home. Even before the onset of the delay, a woman should be alerted by another symptom - this is bloody discharge in the middle of the cycle. They often occur during implantation of the embryo to the walls of the uterus. Spotting may occur within 1 to 2 days. True, not all expectant mothers have this symptom.

Mammary gland

Girl holds hand on left breastThe occurrence of painful sensations in the mammary glands is also a sign of pregnancy in the early days. They occur due to the active production of prolactin. It is worth noting that during the first pregnancy, women may confuse pain in the mammary glands with their usual state before menstruation. It is no secret that the chest becomes very dense and sensitive before menstruation. If the reason for such sensations is pregnancy, then the pain may occur even before the delay.

During the second and subsequent pregnancies, women feel such changes better - the experience gained while waiting for the first baby affects. In addition to the painful sensations, the nipples can change color under the influence of hormones.

Toxicosis

Toxicosis may occur even before the onset of delay. This condition is accompanied by nausea, aggravated in the morning. Appetite disappears, resulting in a slight weight loss. The woman has dramatically changed taste preferences. Many are beginning to eat foods that have never eaten before. There is a desire to use together incompatible ingredients, such as tea with herring.Symptoms of toxicosis include drowsiness and unstable psychological state. For some expectant mothers, toxicosis is very difficult, while others do not experience these symptoms.

Basal temperature

The girl holds a thermometer in his handsAt home, it is possible to determine the onset of pregnancy even before a delay, if you measure the temperature in the rectum. Doctors call it basal. Measure the temperature should be only in the morning while lying down. Before this procedure it is forbidden to get out of bed. 6 hours before the measurements can not have sex - it distorts the results.

In the period before ovulation, the thermometer will show 36.9 degrees. Immediately before it, the temperature may even drop slightly. On the day when the egg is released, you will see readings of more than 37 degrees on the thermometer. In pregnant women, the basal temperature from the first days of carrying more than 37 degrees. It should be noted that all measurements must be carried out with the same thermometer.

To properly assess the likelihood of pregnancy, consider the following factors:

  • date of last menstruation;
  • date of intercourse with ejaculation;
  • the consistency and color of cervical mucus;
  • the presence of unnatural secretions in the middle of the cycle;
  • discoloration of breast nipples;
  • sensation of the first manifestations of toxicosis.

Ways to accurately determine pregnancy

HCG index

Blood test for hCGTo accurately determine whether a pregnancy has occurred, it is necessary to contact the antenatal clinic, undergo a gynecologist examination and donate blood for the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). It begins to be produced in the body after several hours after conception. At 1 - 2 weeks of pregnancy, the analysis will show the presence of hCG in the amount of 25 - 156 mU / ml. Gradually, the level of the hormone will increase. In the fourth week, the level may rise to 31,500 mU / ml.

Based on the analysis, the doctor concludes not only about the occurrence of pregnancy, but also about its nature. Thus, low levels of hCG may indicate the following disorders:

  • non-developing pregnancy;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • threatened miscarriage;
  • chronic placental insufficiency.

If the level of the hormone is elevated, this may indicate a multiple pregnancy, chromosomal abnormalities. Sometimes this symptom develops due to diabetes in the expectant mother or at risk of gestosis - an extremely dangerous condition, which is a complication of the late terms of gestation.Every woman who is planning a pregnancy should know what indicators of analysis for hCG levels are considered normal.

Pregnancy test

Positive pregnancy testYou can do a pregnancy test at home. To do this, the pharmacy must purchase special strips that determine the presence of hCG in the urine. Before buying, you need to know that there are test strips that will help identify the pregnancy before the onset of the delay, and there are some that can be used if your period has not come on time. The difference lies in the sensitivity of the strips:

  1. If the package says that the test determines 10 mMe / ml, it means that it can be used before the delay. Such strips are hypersensitive.
  2. If the sensitivity of the test is 20-25 mMe / ml, this indicates that it can only be used from the first day of the delay. Most of the strips have just such a sensitivity that meets international standards.

It is very important to follow all the rules contained in the instructions for use. It is advisable to use morning urine for analysis at home.She is more concentrated. This approach increases the likelihood of obtaining accurate results. In addition, it is not recommended to use a large amount of liquid, so as not to distort the results. This can lead to a decrease in the concentration of the hormone hCG in the urine.

https://youtu.be/SZMlagcfKjs

The first symptoms of pregnancy are manifested in all women in different ways. Someone feels toxicosis from the first days, someone notices that the breast has swelled, has become sensitive, and the nipples have changed color. In any case, you should make sure that the pregnancy has come, with the help of the test. If it is positive, we recommend that you contact your doctor for more accurate tests. Determining the level of hCG in the blood also helps to conclude about the nature of the course of pregnancy.

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  • How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home

    How to learn about pregnancy at home