How to insulate the room?
Warming of rooms and houses is a big topicfor a conversation, because of this event depends on comfortable living, both in the apartment and in the house. In most cases, the insulation of houses is carried out at the stage of their construction, but if the house has been exploited for some time and its walls require insulation, then these works can be performed as part of the repair process.
Than to warm the floor
Considering options, how to insulate the room,be sure to pay attention to the floor, especially if your apartment is located on the first floor. Cold floor can be for several reasons, but one of the most common is the lack of airtightness of the basement space. If the perimeter of the cap is examined carefully, you have found cracks, then they should be repaired with a mounting foam. The same actions can be carried out with the floors of the basement.
If the problem is of a completely different nature, and yourfloor requires insulation throughout the area, then you should choose the most optimal method of insulation, guided by such criteria as the material from which the floor is made, your financial capabilities and so on. Boarding floors can be insulated with mineral wool, provided that the board is strong, and it arranges you according to its technical data. In principle, in most houses that were previously built outside the city, the floor is the boardwalk, so it's up to you to replace the board with other material or leave it. If the board will change, then for the insulation can be used and foam, which is offered in several versions in building stores.
To insulate the floor from a cement screed, onwhich will be laid ceramic tile or linoleum, you can use expanded polystyrene. But insulation with the use of this material requires the presence of additional space between the base of the interior doors and the cement screed. In the absence of such a space, additional work on the floor screed after laying the expanded polystyrene will lead to the fact that the ceilings will seem too low. In the event that thick insulation is not suitable for your floor, then choose a soft fiberboard.
It should be noted thatalmost any floor can be insulated with the use of special heating systems. But again, it is necessary to proceed from the purpose of the room, as well as from the type of the finish flooring and the base of the floor. By the way, such heating systems are optimal if you are considering options for how to insulate the bathroom in an apartment or in a country house. You should read this article: "Than to insulate the floor?".
Than to warm the house
In private homes, heat loss is a very importantfactor, which not only reduces the thermal insulation characteristics of the structure, but increases the cost of its heating. Therefore, the owners need to be extremely important at this moment and to take all necessary measures to eliminate the causes of heat loss. According to experts, a large loss of heat occurs through the roof. Therefore, it is necessary to insulate not only the walls and the floor, but also the roof. The most elementary insulation for the roof are sawdust, but they are not used today in modern construction, except for warming summer cottages. In most cases, mineral wool mats are used to insulate the roof, which are fastened between the beams of the roofing structure. Mineral wool is one of the cheapest heaters and at the same time, it is quite effective.
Warming walls in a country house can be carried out,both outside and inside, but it should be taken into account, from what material the walls are made. For the warming of wooden walls, it is recommended to use basalt cotton wool or glass wool. Before you warm the corner room or any other inside, keep in mind that the wooden walls are breathing, that is, they have the property of absorbing moisture. Therefore, in the process of insulation, a vapor barrier layer should be used, which will prevent moisture from entering, both from inside the room and from outside. Steam insulation is also used in the manufacture of ventilated facades of houses, when a heater is laid, is attached to the wall using wooden racks or other fasteners. Only after this, the insulation of the facade of the house.
If it is necessary to perform the insulation of brickat home, then use expanded polystyrene or mineral wool plates that are attached to the wall of the house with a plaster-glue mixture. After laying insulation, it is strengthened with alkali-resistant glass mesh, then it is necessary to apply a primer, and only then - decorative and finishing material.
How to insulate walls from the inside
With the problem that concerns wall warmingfrom within, both residents of urban apartments and private houses collide. Feasibility of using a heater is typical for such cases, when the wall is angled - it constantly gets wet, blown by the winds in bad weather. If you need to learn how to insulate a wall in a room that does not differ in size, then it's better to use drywall, not heaters. In fact, plasterboard slabs are not only a warming element in the decoration of walls, but also contribute to their smoothing. That is, the performance of finishing works on gypsum plasterboard greatly improves the aesthetic appeal of the room. On gypsum cardboard it is possible to impose, both wallpaper, and decorative plasters.
Mounting of gypsum boards to the wallIt is carried out with the help of profiles, which can be found in any construction shop. The profiles are attached to the wall in steps of 50-60 cm, but not less, since then the drywall will "walk". Seams between sheets are sealed with the help of special mixtures, then a screed on gypsum board is made. After the screed is completed, it is advisable to make an equalization or grout so that the surface is perfectly even. The final preparatory stage for finishing works is the application of a primer.
How to insulate the door
Before you warm the room from the inside,it is necessary to perform all work on the replacement of window structures. Since the presence of cracks between the window sashes leads to drafts. As you know, the presence of a draft with the best warming of the walls, makes every effort to naught. Therefore, take the trouble to install new double-glazed windows, which have increased tightness and do not allow air to enter the room from the street.
No less important moment in providing comfortableliving conditions in the house is insulated front door. In addition, when deciding how to insulate a room, pay attention to the interior doors, which can also be insulated using mounting foam, linen, or mineral wool. Details can be found here: "Than to insulate the door?".
Thus, having carried out complex measures onwarming your apartment, holiday or country house, you will gain several advantages of using your home. First, extend the durability of the home, and secondly, provide additional sound insulation, improve comfort and convenience. And, no less important, reduce the cost of heating the house.