How to grow and provide care beautiful gladioli on your site
Before you start planting gladioli, it is necessary to determine the choice of planting material. This will get the expected "harvest." Immediately it is necessary to discard the myth that a beautiful plant will grow out of a large bulb. So how to make the right choice?
It is well known that the cultivation of gladioli comes from the bulbs, which are replaced each year with new ones. Around them are formed the so-called "kids." The old bulb is constantly gaining weight and becoming flatter, due to which it loses its reproductive qualities.
When choosing gladiolus bulbs, reject flat and very large ones, because they give ugly and small flowers.
The material selected for planting is treated with a 0.5% solution of manganic acid potassium, then dried and left for storage.
Planting and care: technological secrets
That long-awaited time has come when you can start answering directly the question of how to grow gladioli? This will require a maximum of desire and a minimum of effort.
The success of growing these flowers depends entirely on the correctness of the site selection. The plant needs:
- sufficient moisture;
- good light (the place should not be shaded by buildings or trees);
- appropriate drainage;
- breathable fertile soil.
Unsuitable for planting are areas:
- located in the lowlands;
- with high groundwater levels;
- deprived of regular air exchange;
- marshy (use is possible after they are drained);
- with long stagnant water.
It must be remembered that the landing site should change every three or four years.
As a rule, areas for planting gladioli are prepared independently. In order to grow a plant in its appropriate conditions, it is necessary to carry out certain agrotechnical measures and introduce organic fertilizers.
In the latter case, the cultivation of such flowers is impossible without weathered peat, "green" fertilizer, peat compost, rotted manure and humus.
If we are talking about sandy or light soils, then cultivation will be problematic without the additional introduction of pond silt and clay. Clay-like heavy soils will need organic fertilizers and coarse-grained (preferably river) sand.All recommendations presented are necessary in order to provide flowers with the right care from the very beginning.
Relevant soil should:
- have a good structure (disintegrate when processing into small lumps with a size from 0.7 to 1.5 cm);
- keep moisture well;
- have excellent air and water permeability.
Despite all this, the soil cannot be too loose.
Land for landing is prepared in the fall. A deep digging to a depth of 40 to 50 cm will be required with the simultaneous introduction of the necessary organic fertilizers. Also at this time, ridges are being created, and in the spring - only additional loosening to a depth of 15 or 20 cm.
The time of fertilizer application, as well as their quantity, will depend on certain factors:
- the nature of the soil;
- the content of certain nutrients;
- plant needs for a specific type of fertilizer (depending on the phase of development).
In the autumn, during the digging it is necessary to add to the soil:
- humus or peat compost in the amount of 7-12 kg;
- superphosphate - 70 gr. or double superphosphate - 40 g .;
- potassium salt from 30 to 35 gr. on 1 m2;
- horn shavings and bone meal.
All these steps will allow you to grow beautiful gladiolus without any difficulty.
Many gardeners additionally add phosphate fertilizers at the rate of 1m2 from 50 to 100 grams during this period. Facilitates cultivation, however, as well as care, oven ash in the amount of 40-100 grams. on 1m2.
During this period, phosphorus, nitrogen, and potash fertilizers are applied (if they were not introduced in the fall).
In particular, it is necessary (based on 1m2):
- ammonium nitrate - 40 g .;
- ammonium sulfate - 50 g .;
- urea 20-30 grams;
- nitrophoska - 50 gr.
Gladiolus planting can be carried out exclusively in well-treated and heated to a temperature of +10 degrees and to a depth of 10 to 12 cm soil. Landing dates will depend on the specific climatic features of the region. However, it is not forbidden to plant tubers in the ground with a temperature of 4 to 6 degrees.
In conditions of non-chernozem soil, planting is permissible from the beginning of April until the end of May. Maximum - until July 15. In cases of delay, deterioration of rooting and underdevelopment of the plant are possible.
Planting of gladioli in the open field is made on the beds with a width from 0.9 to 1.2 m.This facilitates not only their cultivation, but also the care of plants. Gardeners are advised to have ridges from west to east or along the slope, and the rows themselves - across these ridges. This method will provide a more uniform heating of the soil and the lighting of each plant.
The rule for calculating the depth: the depth of planting will always be equal to the three diameters of the corm.
Despite the fact that the cultivation of gladioli, as well as care for them, is quite easy and not laborious, there are certain nuances. In this case, we are talking about planting density, which depends on the meteorological conditions of the region, varietal characteristics and soil fertility.
However, small-flowered varieties are planted more often, and large-flowered ones less often. In the first case, it will be 15 cm (possible and more), and in the second - the range from 25 to 30 cm.
Based on this, the distance between the flowers themselves will also change.In the same row they can be within 8-10 cm. (Small-color varieties), and in relation to large-color varieties - up to 16-20 cm. When planting, the corm must adhere tightly to the soil.
To provide the necessary care, as well as the necessary aeration, flowers can be planted in clean sand, which is introduced directly into the furrow. He will not allow the soil to envelop the bulb, which is especially useful in rainy weather.
After the flowers are planted, they must be mulched with humus or peat, adhering to a height of 2 to 3 cm.
For flowers to please the eye, they need appropriate care:
- During the growing season will require watering at least 10 days.
- Watering is better in the morning and in the evening.
- To preserve moisture, timely loosening is necessary.
- You also need to tie the flowers to the stakes just before flowering and remove all faded.
Gladioli are unpretentious in care and do not require too much attention, which makes them ideal for large areas and small areas.