How to grow a real Christmas star in your window?
Features of the content and cultivation
Poinsettia at home need a sunny, warm place (temperature is about 18-22 degrees). It will be necessary to prevent drafts and direct sunlight on the plant. A room with a high level of humidity is desirable, periodic spraying of the flower with pre-settled water is also recommended.
Flower care includes compulsory watering. This should be done often - immediately after the top layer of the earth has dried in the pot. When watering, it is necessary to ensure that the moisture is well impregnated with all the earth mass. Irrigation water should be slightly warm.
If watering is excessive and the water is cold, the poinsettia can start dropping leaves. Flaccid leaves - a signal of lack of moisture.
The plant at home should not be located near the radiators, because it does not tolerate dry air.Catching poinsettia properly, carrying out full care, you can ensure that it will bloom regularly.
How to achieve poinsettia bloom
If you want the plant to start pleasing flowers at home, then it needs a not too long light day, as in the tropics of America, where the poinsettia comes from.
Detailed instructions can be viewed on video. After your favorite bloom, you can return to the previous light mode and leave it on the windowsill.
If poinsettia watering was abundant, or it was frozen, then leaves fell. Then, it will help you - properly done pruning. The procedure is as follows:
- wait until all the leaves are dropped;
- cut the stems (their level should reach 10 cm);
- reduce watering by half;
- put the pot in a cool place until early May.
In early May, return the plant to the windowsill. A transfer to a new ground should be carried out.Water the flower with warm water, and it will come to life again, starting to delight with beautiful flowers, as in the presented photo.
Rules for care, replanting and pruning after flowering
At the end of February, watering should be made less frequent, allowing the soil to dry periodically. The leaves should not be withered (this is clearly seen in the photo). In March, reduce the temperature to 15 degrees and stop completely spraying the flower. This is the beginning of a dormant period during which the plants shed their leaves. This stage at home lasts about a month.
In April, it will again be necessary to raise the temperature of the content to 20 degrees. Poinsettia should be in place with enough sunlight. To activate the growth of branches and shoots, as well as give the plant pomp, care must include timely pruning of shoots to a height of 10 cm from the pot.
For proper growth over time, the poinsettia should be transplanted into a larger pot while retaining most of the old soil, as shown in the photo (as fresh soil you can add peat, sand and sod land).In the process of transplantation, you can add complex type fertilizer to the plant. The volume of watering is gradually increasing.
Caring for a plant at home in a post-transplant should include feeding twice a month. In the warmer months, you can put a flower on the balcony (in September, it should be returned to the room and again regularly sprayed). From the middle of summer and the beginning of autumn, you can trim the crown of the plant (all the details of the process can be seen in the video) to form a greater pomp.
The flower is propagated in spring or early summer from a cutting that has a minimum of 5 internodes. Reproduction is carried out from the shoots after pruning or part of the apex. It is necessary to let the milky juice flow, and then rooting the cutting in a moist mixture of peat and sand. You can create a mini-greenhouse, daily removing the cap for airing. Good roots appear after a month at a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius.
Proper care will prevent many poinsettia diseases.