How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

How to eat with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract?

What is pancreatitis and its manifestations?

Pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas, which leads to premature - inside the body - activation of enzymes. In this regard, it is not the food that is digested, but the iron itself. Pancreatitis may be acute or chronic.

Upper abdominal painIn acute pancreatitis, severe attacks of pain in the upper abdomen are noted. Often the pain is given in the hypochondrium and in the epigastric region. Dizzy, there is weakness, violation of the chair, vomiting. Pancreatitis in acute form can be fatal.

In chronic pancreatitis, the disease for a long time reminds of itself with sluggish symptoms, which are periodically exacerbated. Especially after taking fatty foods.

Inflammatory process of the gallbladder

Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder. Cholecystitis often affects women 30 years and older.At risk - overweight people. The disease develops acutely or chronically.

The doctor probes the right sideIn acute cholecystitis, stones form in the ducts and the gallbladder itself. There is a stagnation of bile. In chronic cholecystitis stones are not observed.

The composition of bile becomes atypical, which usually provokes the inflammatory process.

Symptoms for which you can recognize cholecystitis:

  • heaviness in right side;
  • dull pain, which is given in the arm and scapula;
  • bitterness in mouth, belching, nausea;
  • skin yellowness;
  • temperature rise;
  • vomiting, etc.

Gastritis: what are the symptoms of the disease

Gastritis is an inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Allocate gastritis with varying degrees of acidity of gastric juice. In each case, need an individual diet.

Gastritis painThe main signs of chronic gastritis:

  • smells unpleasantly from the mouth;
  • belching air, nausea;
  • dull ache;
  • intense salivation, which is especially pronounced at night.

Power Rules

Mandatory point of treatment of the above diseases is a diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis.

Specialists have developed a specialdiet - № 5, which effectively treats cholecystitis and pancreatitis.Depending on the stage of the disease, it has many variations, suggests different recipes. In the acute course of the disease, the first days the patient is prescribed fasting, rest and cold.

Basics of diet for cholecystitis, pancreatitis, gastritis:

  • At least fat. More proteins. Carbohydrates are kept at the same level as for a healthy person. The calorie content of food is not reduced.
  • Products are baked, steamed, sometimes stewed. Cooking recipes can be found on the Internet.
  • Vegetables, meat with streaks fray.
  • Diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis excludes fried, smoked, pickled, spicy dishes.
  • Prohibited products containing purines, oxalic acid, essential oils, etc.
  • Food should be heated to room temperature.
  • Limited amount of salt.
  • Up to 2.5 liters of fluid are consumed per day.

http://youtu.be/Mkh3HvqKaDk

The most important thing for cholecystitis and pancreatitis is frequent (5-6 times) meals. Portions should be small.

The interval between meals - 2-3 hours. It is important to chew food well. The total amount of food per day is about 3 kg.

A set of products for food

Products that therapeutic diet allows:

  • Girl eats vegetable saladsoups, mashed cereal or pureed vegetables;
  • cereal with butter;
  • boiled, preferably mashed meat, poultry, fish;
  • crackers, crackers;
  • dairy products with low fat and acidity;
  • per day protein omelet from 1 egg;
  • baked / boiled vegetables;
  • fruits, herbs with a minimal amount of acid;
  • a pancreatic diet involves the consumption of mineral water without gas;
  • weakly brewed, sugar-free tea, herbal infusions, rosehip drink, jelly;
  • in small doses honey, jams.

Products that a diet for pancreatitis and cholecystitis prohibits:

  • Prohibited Productsfatty meat, fish dishes, broths;
  • fresh wheat bread, sweet pastries;
  • strong tea, chocolate products, coffee, water with gas;
  • alcoholic drinks;
  • figs, grapes;
  • cabbage dishes, onions, mushrooms, legumes, garlic.

Diet as the main nutrition system

Fractional nutrition not only treats gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, but also helps to lose weight, normalizes metabolism. Doctors advise to take such food as a basis.

To this should be added: proper rest, less experience, more fresh air and moderate physical exertion.

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  • How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

    How to eat in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract