How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

How is life in the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at +30 snow does not melt

How to live beyond the Arctic Circle.
 
How to live beyond the Arctic Circle.


Snow shields in front of houses on stilts, capsule clothing, 24/7 vehicle engines — these are all common features of polar life. To those who know this only from books and magazines, the very possibility of living there seems unthinkable. However, beyond the Arctic Circle there are settlements and even many thousands of villages with their own, special way of life.

The most northern village of Russia

Dickson is located off the shores of the Kara Sea in the far north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. One part of it is on the island of the same name, and the second is on the Taimyr Peninsula. The nearest cities from here are more than 500 kilometers of deaf tundra. Therefore, to get to the village really only by plane, which flies no more than once a week.

Transport in severe Dixon. / Photo: trinixy.ru

 
Transportation in severe Dixon.


The average December temperature in Dixon is -25C, but frosts often reach -40C. In the most severe days of the cold combined with storm winds, the gusts of which reach 30 m / s. In November, the polar night comes to Dickson for three months. And it is much darker than in the same Dudinka, Norilsk or Khatanga.

Dickson Island. / Photo: www.lifeisphoto.ru

 
Dickson Island.


With the USSR, thousands of specialists came to Dixon to "develop the North". Today, there are less than 600 inhabitants in the Arctic settlement. The administration, the border post, the airport, the hydrometeorological station, the school, the boiler room, the library and a couple of shops remained from the former farm in Dixon. But still people continue to live here.

They are engaged in fishing, collecting archival materials, serving the remaining enterprises. Houses in the village, as elsewhere in the Arctic, are on stilts. In this case, the erected structure does not come into contact with the ground, without heating it and without displacing it. The most popular vehicles in Dixon are snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, Burans and Soviet-made tracked snow and swamp vehicles.

Dickson is the most northern settlement of Russia. / Photo: img.yandex.ru

 
Dickson is the most northern settlement of Russia.

The controversial pole of the cold: Oymyakon against Verkhoyansk

A thousand kilometers from Yakutsk is the village Oymyakon.This settlement is considered one of the most severe habitable places on earth. The difference between summer and winter temperatures here may well reach 100 ° C. The recorded minimum temperature is 67.7 ° C below zero.

Oymyakon - a place of extreme tourism. / Photo: chert-poberi.ru

 
Oymyakon - a place of extreme tourism.


Scientists will not agree on the question of how the Yakut settlement is to be considered the north pole of the cold, divided between Oymyakon and the city of Verkhoyansk. In the latter, allegedly, the recorded minimum temperature is lower. Supporters of both candidate settlements put forward credible arguments, therefore, by the Resolution of 2002, the absolute minimum of -68 degrees is the same for both settlements.

The only operating store in Oymyakon. / Photo: roomidea.ru

 
The only operating store in Oymyakon.


Oymyakon is striking in its unique nature: more than 200 days a year there is snow here, some streams do not freeze even at a temperature of -60, and the most massive frost does not melt even in the 30-degree heat. Recently, the village attracts courageous tourists who travel to Oimyakon to see the camps of the Gulag, museums, Labrynkyr Lake and, of course, feel the atmosphere of bitter cold. Spring in the village at the traditional annual festival going to Santa Claus from around the world.

In the local market, lively not only when a few tourists arrive. / Photo: ribalych.ru

 
In the local market, lively, not only when a few tourists arrive.


Locals are mainly engaged in reindeer herding and fishing. There is also civilization in Oimyakon: Internet, cellular communication, airport. There are a school, a club, a hospital, a kindergarten, a library, a bakery, a gym, a gas station, and shops. Children attend education at temperatures as low as -50 ° C.

Winter "uniform" of a resident of Verkhoyansk. / Photo: btnews.me

 
Winter "uniform" resident of Verkhoyansk.


Ojmykontsev machines are located in specially heated garages. And if you need to stop on the street, the motor is not jammed, which, incidentally, is traditional for the entire Polar region. Additional heating is installed in the cabs, and diesel fuel for diesel engines is mixed with kerosene to avoid freezing.

Teriberka, beyond which only the Arctic Ocean

Those who want to stand on the banks of the Barents Sea, rolling in the Arctic Ocean, go to the village Teriberka - a settlement where the first Pomeranian fishermen lived in the XVI century. Here, in the north of the Murmansk region, key scenes of the film “Leviathan” by Andrei Zvyagintsev were filmed. A single dirt road leads to Teriberka, but it can also be blocked in case of heavy snowfall. In 2017, the snow captivity lasted from March 26 to April 18.During such periods, you can only get there by helicopter.

Ghost ships in Teriberk are part of local panoramas / Photo: fotorelax.ru

 
The ghost ships in Teriberk are part of local panoramas.


The village is located at the mouth of the river of the same name, and around the tundra. Even in the middle of summer, the local temperature rarely surpasses the mark of 11 degrees. From December to mid-January the polar night lasts in the village. Once Teriberka was a district center with farms, collective farms, ship repair shops and a fish factory. At that time, the population of the village reached 5 thousand people.

Today, a tiny village of five to six five-story building and a half dozen small houses stands in ruins. Accommodation is partially abandoned and ravaged, and the number of local residents barely 900 people. Jobs - in a few life-support institutions and irregular fishing.

Place of filming "Leviathan" ./ Photo: altertravel.ru

 
Place of filming "Leviathan."


And only in recent years there has been a recovery in Teriberka. In 2016, a fire station, several apartment buildings, hotels, a restaurant and a dilapidated house of culture were reconstructed. For the first time in history, asphalt appeared on rural roads. There is a project for the construction of a plant for the production of liquefied natural gas, the Northern PES and the seaport. True, so far only on paper.

This is the entrance to the city. / Photo: s30630429213.mirtesen.ru

 
It looks like the entrance to the city.

Norilsk is rich, stern and dangerous

Polar Norilsk is the northernmost city in the world with a population exceeding 150 thousand inhabitants. The everyday reality of the Norilsk people is harsh winters 280 days a year with cold gusty winds and snow storms. Yes, and the summer is rather formal here, something between a capricious spring and a cold autumn. Winter temperatures sometimes fall below -50 ° C. In December and January, the sun is not shown here, so many children are not allowed out of the house at all.

River in record polluted Norilsk. / Photo: openrussia.s3.amazonaws.com

 
The river in record polluted Norilsk.


During the Soviet period, a labor camp was located here as part of the GULAG. Actually, the prisoners and built the city of Norilsk. Due to the high concentration in the residential area of ​​the mining and metallurgical enterprises, the city does not leave the top environmentally unfriendly settlements not only in Russia, but in the whole world. The top layer of soil in the city, in fact, is a slag from numerous factories. At the same time, the city-forming industrial complex forms a large profitable part of the budget of the entire Krasnoyarsk Territory.
You can get to the Norilsk Peninsular by air or water, there is no land connection.For this reason, the rest of Russia is referred to by the Norilsk people as a “mainland”. Among the urban population there are many hunters and fishermen; tundra and mountain tourism, picking blueberries, lingonberries and mushrooms are popular here. The long winter season and the abundance of mountains contribute to the development of ski and skiing, snowboarding.

Habitual Norilsk landscapes. / Photo: encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com

 
Habitual Norilsk landscapes.


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  • How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

    How do you live beyond the Arctic Circle, where at -60 streams do not freeze, and at 30 the snow does not melt

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