How do milk
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The Irmen breeding plant in the Novosibirsk region occupies3rd place in Russia in the rankingthe largest and most efficient milk producing enterprises. We go there for a short excursion and find out how to make milk.
Breeding factory "Irmen"located in the village of Verkh-Irmen, Novosibirsk region. The main activity is the production and processing of grain, milk and meat. In the structure of marketable products milk is 50%, meat is 16% and grain is 16%. Irmen is ranked 3rd in Russia and 1st in the Novosibirsk region in the ranking of the largest and most efficient milk producing enterprises.
There are 2,450 cows in total. Each of them gives an average of 10 thousand liters per year.
Field farmerssow cornfrom which it turns out feed for cows. Corn should be 32 thousand tons of silage. Among others, John Deere combines are used for sowing on the collective farm:
At the same time, it cuts weeds, fertilizes, harrows, sows crops, and drops them. Previously, it had to be done at once by five tractors:
In order for the chick to start giving milk, she needs to grow to 16 months, then gain weight of at least 300 kilograms. She is inseminated in this weight, and in nine months she will give birth to a calf and begin to give milk.
At the age of 3–3.5, the cow is slaughtered for meat.
The cow is milked three times a day with intervals of 7 hours:
Only men drink and only with the help of special equipment:
Each cow has a chip on its neck. When entering the milking parlor, the equipment reads the necessary information from it: how much the cow gave milk today and earlier, the state of health:
Every day in the dairy shop 70 tons of "raw" milk are processed:
The output is 33 tons of milk, 25 tons of dairy products and 2 tons of cottage cheese:
Wholesalers pay 25 rubles for a liter of milk. The package itself, by the way, costs about 2 rubles:
Every day at 16:00, 9 loaded KamAZ trucks with a “milk” container depart from the gates of the workshop. Until that time, from 8 am, the workers fill the refrigerator with already packaged products.
In hard cow life there is a small bonus -"Automatic comb". They are installed in all barns. The principle of operation is simple. The cow has itching, she comes to the installation, butts her and she automatically starts up, works for a certain time.