How do criminologists prepare in Holland
Planned fire in the bedroom, a living corpse in the living room and a screwdriver for the killer who did not kill anyone - photographer Jeroen Hofman got acquainted with the curriculum of police academies in the Netherlands
For practical training in the police academy of Apeldoorn built a house with several rooms. The actor reproduces the actions of the criminal in the kitchen - a suit with motion sensors allows you to restore the picture of the incident by the second.
According to the training scenario, the murder occurred in the living room, but criminologists study all the rooms, and the bedroom is called the "silent witness."
In order not to leave marks on the crime scene, criminologists use plastic coasters. The body of the victim is examined using a portable 3D scanner.
Students learn to leave the crime scene correctly. According to the rules, all experts working in the house should be dressed in protective suits and boot covers.
Under the guidance of a medical expert, students learn how to conduct body examinations and record details that are relevant to the investigation.
According to the condition of the skin and the nature of the injury, forensic experts can determine the approximate time of the crime.
In the role of the victims are specially hired actors. Traces of violence, wounds and dead spots on the body are drawn by make-up artists.
Another practical course is work at the site of fires. Crime scenario: a divorced man deliberately sets fire to his apartment to return to his ex-wife and son.
According to the figure of the spread of fire, criminologists determine that the flame was taken by the window. Traces of flammable liquid were found on the carpet. The case can be considered open.
Arson cars are studied separately - the course includes not only theoretical, but also practical exercises.
Students independently set fire to cars in various ways and in various conditions, and then inspect the scene and the burned-out car.
The goal of the experiment is to learn to “read” the traces left by the fire and to find the epicenter of a fire.
In the lessons on electricity, learn the device of household appliances and the types of fires that they can cause. One of the tasks is to make a fire without knocking out traffic jams.
Work on the spot body detection.All the corpses are made of plastic skeletons wrapped in animal meat, and have lain in the ground for more than three months.
After extraction of the remains, the burial site is carefully photographed and documented. White balls - geotag for 3D-scanner.
At the medical center in Amsterdam, students are taught to take fingerprints - the hands of people who have bequeathed their bodies to science are used as models.
According to the characteristic marks left on the victim's body, one can identify the murder weapon: it can be a screwdriver, a crowbar, and a screwdriver.
In addition to live actors, various mannequins are used to simulate crime scenes.
The spectral camera helps to detect biological traces invisible to the eye - drops of blood, sperm, etc.
Forensic students investigate the crime scene: according to the scenario, an unknown person was killed from a firearm at a city intersection.
In this task, the conditions are different: a bomb was laid in the car parked outside the building.
Another incident scenario: students of the academy extract disaster victims for identification.