History of UMZ trolleybuses

History of UMZ trolleybuses

Machines that are closer to the rest of the space industry.
Trolleybuses UMZ. The brainchild of the collapse of the USSR, the failure of KZET and the future president of Ukraine.

The first trolleybuses Kiev-11 left the assembly line at the end of 1991. In total for 1991-1992, only six cars were assembled in Kiev. These trolleybuses entered the White Church and Kiev, three cars each. In addition, the assembly of vehicle sets were engaged in Belarus, at the plant BKM. There, in 1992-1996, five trolley buses were assembled - three cars arrived in Minsk and two in Mogilyov.

1

Unfortunately, these cars could not boast of excellent quality. The trolleybuses were frankly raw, because Kiev decided to abandon its creation - in December 1994, the car with the factory number 1 was put into spare parts, and the two remaining were transferred to Kirovograd, where they were written off in 2000. The fate of trolleybuses from the city of Bila Tserkva was not very different - the operation of vehicles there was discontinued in 2007–2008.

A similar fate awaited Belarusian cars. The work of trolley buses on the routes was discontinued in 2003-2006.Three cars were written off, but the two remaining cars managed to survive. Thus, the Minsk trolleybus with tail number 5195 was mothballed for the museum, and Mogilev 270 was shortened, converted into technical assistance, and to this day is the last representative of the trolleybus model Kiev-11.

2

In 1992-1995, the shortened Kiev-11 counterparts were produced at KZET. These trolleybuses wore the Kiev-11 index. They worked in Kiev, Kremenchug, Chernihiv, Belaya Tserkov, Kirovograd, Nikolaev, Lysychansk and Khmelnitsky. The century of these cars also turned out to be short - in the period from 1998 to 2008, all the cars were written off, except for three. So, Kremenchuzhsky 186 (head 34, 1993 of release) in 2006 passed the Kyrgyz Republic with a body replacement - in fact, it is the same Kiev-11u, but ... in the back of the ZiU-682G-016!

No less interesting is the fate of Chernigov machines. These machines were converted into mobile power points of linear brigades. Unfortunately, one of them was written off in September 2010, because the remaining side of the 448 1994 can be safely called the last in the world, Kiev-11u.

3

Practice has shown that KZET has failed in its task. Therefore, already in 1992, the regime Dnepropetrovsk enterprise “UMZ” was entrusted with the task of finalizing and putting the Kiev-11 machine into operation.

In Dnepropetrovsk, trolley buses have acquired significant changes.So, traction motors DK-213B (115 kW) were replaced with Kharkov ED-138 (130 kW). A Poltava compressor that does not require lubrication was installed, as well as compact cable connectors that are widely used in rocket technology. The motor-generator was replaced with a static voltage converter. Interestingly, during this period, the director of the company was the future president of Ukraine, Leonid Danilovich Kuchma. Therefore, the people of new cars got the nickname "Kuchmovozy."

4

In January 1992, the first YuMZ-T1 cars left the factory gates. These cars immediately won the respect in view of the extraordinary simplicity, great power and capacity. It should be noted that they differed quite externally from serial samples - for example, windows for routeing indicators (as in the Romanian DACs) were provided in the boards, and a ventilation grill over the frontal ones.

5

Until the end of 1992, more than twenty cars were produced, which arrived in all corners of Ukraine.

6

A significant advantage of these machines is that the electrical equipment is placed on the roof. This greatly facilitates access to components and assemblies, as well as operation. Start-brake resistors and servomotor are brought to the roof.This model, like many others, has both its advantages and its disadvantages: a large amount of electricity consumed, the heating system and others. The cabin of these cars accommodates up to 200 people.

7

Trolleybuses of the YuMZ T1 series are made according to the block-modular principle with the use of modern technologies and maximum use of standardized parts, assemblies and assemblies. The presence of two electric motors and drive axles allows you to work smoothly in difficult road and climatic conditions, without reducing the speed to overcome the slopes of the steepness of up to 12%.

It should be noted that these factors cause a certain delight among drivers in relation to trolley buses - it is considered rather honorable to work on YuMZ-T1 among trolley buses. It is interesting that among the drivers of these trolleybuses, associated with the tank drivers themselves, there are also girls.

8

Since 1993, the assembly of UMZ-T1 trolleybuses was also established at a subsidiary in Pavlograd. Then the first restyling of trolley buses was carried out. The glazing area was significantly increased, a frontal direction-indicator was added, the layout of the cabin was changed, as well as interior lighting lamps.After that, the car became even more attractive to potential buyers.

910

Separately, I want to mention the trolleys 1996-1998g.v., The last batch of these machines. They had a "traffic light brake", an air-cushioned driver's seat. The handrails in the cabin were black, and the ceiling and walls were made of dark wood. The interior of the sample was made in 1996-1998. - on the picture

11

Separately, it is worth noting a rather interesting approach to painting cars - for example, in Kharkov, out of 47 cars, 1992-1996. there were about twenty different variants of factory coloring. Here, for example, one of the options

1213

The main (and perhaps the only) minus of the model can be called an outdated appearance, a cold cabin in the winter season and a huge energy consumption. It was the latter that played a decisive role in the fate of YuMZ-T1 - in 1996, the production of cars in Dnepropetrovsk was discontinued. Pavlograd cars continued to be produced in small batches until 1998, the last car entered the White Church. In total for the years 1992-1998, about five hundred YuMZ-T1 trolleybuses were produced.

14

It is noteworthy that, in addition to the domestic market, trolley buses were also delivered abroad - to the city of Orenburg (Russia), Minsk (Belarus), Chisinau (Moldova) (in the photo - Orenburg)

15

And even in Tallinn only one UMZ-T1 worked

16

As of 2011, the majority of farms continue to operate the YuMZ-T1 trolleybus; however, in some cities in the process of capital repairs, the machines are shortened to the size of YuMZ-T2, after which they are assigned the index YuMZ-T1R.

17

In 1993, the release of a single model, YuMZ-T2, was also established at YuMZ. The machine is fully unified with YuMZ-T1 across all nodes, and is still in demand. It should be noted that the cost of the UMZ-T2 trolleybus exceeds the cost of Russian analogues, but in spite of this, the cars have firmly occupied their niche in the public transport market. During serial production, more than five hundred cars were produced, which were delivered to almost all cities of Ukraine, as well as to Moscow, Rostov-on-Don, Chisinau, and even Ashgabat. Mass production continued in 1993–2007, and small-scale production continues to this day — for example, in the summer of 2011, new YuMZ-T2 arrived in Mariupol.

18

Small-scale version of the UMZ-T2.09, designed to work on suburban routes. In these trolleybuses, the middle door is locked, there are luggage racks in the cabin, and a four-row cabin layout is also used.Thus, the number of seats has been increased to 39. In addition, the machine is equipped with an independent electrodynamic brake, which is triggered even when there is no voltage in the contact network or when the current collectors come off the network, as well as the illumination of the contact network at night and the radio tape recorder in the driver’s cabin. By the way, the Pioneer radio cassette is serially installed in all YuMZ-T2 trolleybuses from the early 2000s onwards. The YuMZ-T2.09 trolleybuses are operated on the Simferopol-Alushta-Yalta highway, as well as in the city of Kerch, where the trolleybus network was opened only seven years ago, in 2004. Another such machine works in Severodonetsk.

19

Separately, I would like to mention the experimental development of YuMZ. These are YuMZ-T2M and YuMZ-T3K - YuMZ-T2 and YuMZ-T1, respectively, equipped with a TISU. YuMZ-T2M works in Kiev, but in the project of one of the overhauls the control system was replaced with a standard RCSU. YuMZ-T3K was converted into factory equipment at the plant and entered Donetsk, where it was decommissioned in 2009.

By the way, there is a version that the YuMZ-T3K index should have received a non-completed low-floor version of the YuMZ-T1 trolleybus.

20

I'll tell you a little more about the fate of the YuMZ machines that got into Russia.

The first on the territory of Russia were trolleybuses YuMZ-T1. Orenburg was the only city in Russia where these machines were operated. 27 trolleybuses entered the city in 1993-1994, they were acquired by barter for gas by Orenburggazprom. Interestingly, because of their non-standard dimensions, they did not fit in the territory of Depot No. 1. Therefore, at first they spent the night on the special site of Depot No. 1 (on Avtomatika av., 13). After it was closed, the trolleybuses several times migrated from Depot No. 2 to Depot No. 1 and back. In 2005, when the Depot No. 2 was disbanded, the YuMZ-T1 trolleybuses were simply written off — for the depot at Rybakovskaya, old and small, was not designed to service articulated trolleybuses. One car (333) burned on the line in 2000.

21

In 1998, Ukrainian trolleybuses again crossed the border. This time, 17 cars were purchased by the Moscow enterprise Mosgortrans. Trolleybuses of the years 1998-2001 entered the first fleet (three cars) and FATP (the remaining fourteen), where they received the numbers * 9 ** of the series. In general, according to drivers, this is quite reliable cars. In the early 2000s, all of them were converted to ASKP, while the majority of the cars had a cab partition changed - the driver lost a separate exit to the street, and the entire front door was allotted to passengers.The first write-offs began in 2009, and from April 2011, part of the cars began to pass through the Kyrgyz Republic with the replacement of the body and upgrading to ZiU-682GM1. As of summer 2013, all UMZ-T2 trolleybuses have been upgraded to GM1 on routes.

22

In 2000, two YuMZ-T2 purchased Rostov-on-Don. These are cars of 2000 of release, the manager. numbers 220 and 223, airborne - 285 and 286, respectively.

23

In general, UMZ-T trolleybuses are among the most reliable, unpretentious, roomy cars. That is why they won the love and respect of both the attendants and ordinary passengers. Unfortunately, with the advent of new low-floor trolley buses, their era has gradually ended.

But the plant did not always produce only YuMZ T.



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  • History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses

    History of UMZ trolleybuses