Grippostad C: instructions for use, reviews, analogues
With the onset of the autumn-winter season, eacha person at risk of getting influenza or ARVI. To prevent this, experts recommend increasing their immunity by taking vitamins, immunostimulating drugs and a healthy lifestyle in general.
If you neglected this advice, you will be helpedsuch a drug as "Grippostad C". Instructions for the use of this tool will be described in detail in the materials of this article. It also provides information on the form in which the drug is prepared, what pharmacological features it possesses, and under what conditions it should be taken.
Form, composition, description and packaging
The drug "Grippostad C", the instruction of whichcontained in a pack of cardboard, is made in the form of hard gelatin capsules the size of 1. They are opaque, they have a white body and a yellow cap. The contents of the medicinal capsules are a white or slightly yellowish powder.
What ingredients does Grippostad S contain?(capsules)? The instruction says that the main substances of this drug are caffeine, paracetamol, chlorpheniramine maleate and ascorbic acid. In addition to these components, the composition of the agent in question includes additional elements in the form of glycerol tristearate, lactose monohydrate and gelatin.
As for the capsule shell, it consists of gelatin, water, titanium dioxide and a yellow dye "Sunset Sunset".
In what kind of packaging can you get a medicine"Grippostad C" (reviews about it will be examined further)? This drug is delivered to pharmacies in a white cardboard pack containing contoured cells with capsules.
What is the "Grippostad C" medication? Capsules have analgesic, antispasmodic, antiallergic, restorative and antipyretic effects.
After taking the medication in questiondecreases the severity of signs of acute respiratory viral infection and influenza. It should also be noted that he is very effective in rhinorrhea, headaches and muscle pains. In addition, "Grippostad C" contributes to the normalization of body temperature.
Properties of active substances
What are the properties of such a medicine as"Grippostad C" (capsules)? Instruction for use states that the effectiveness of this medication is due to the properties of the ingredients that make up its composition. Let us consider them in more detail.
Paracetamol is an analgesic thathas an antipyretic effect. This element is able to block both isoforms of the cyclooxygenase enzyme. As a result of this effect, the production of thromboxane, prostaglandins and prostacyclin is disrupted.
Paracetamol also reduces concentrationprostaglandins in the hypothalamus (in the center of thermoregulation), which normalizes the body temperature of the patient, and also inhibits the generation and conduct of pain impulses.
Another active substance of theThe medicine is caffeine. It stimulates the central nervous system, increases the tone of blood vessels and the capacity of the body, stimulates the heart and removes drowsiness. In addition to the above, caffeine increases the analgesic effect of NSAIDs.
What role in the preparation of "Grippostad S" playsascorbic acid? This element increases the immune protection of the human body, takes part in carbohydrate metabolism and has an antioxidant effect.
The intake of vitamin C leads to an increase in the immune response (nonspecific) and improves the regeneration of cells, protecting them from free radicals and the negative effects of peroxide compounds.
With regard to an active ingredient such as chlorpheniramine, it inhibits H1-histamine receptors and reduces the symptoms that are caused by the release of histamine.
It should also be noted that this active element helps to eliminate the swelling of the nasal mucosa, successfully heals rhinorrhea and facilitates nasal breathing.
Kinetic parameters of the drug
The active ingredients of the drug "Grippostad C"are well absorbed into the systemic circulation. A substance such as paracetamol undergoes a biological transformation in the liver. As a result, pharmacologically inactive metabolites arise.
The components of the capsules are excreted mainly through the kidneys.
At what diseases are prescribed medication"Grippostad C" (tablets)? Instruction for use informs you that this drug should be used with a mild to moderate pain syndrome that occurs with neuralgia, throat diseases, headaches, etc.
One can not help saying that the main indication for taking this drug is influenza and ARVI.
Is it necessary to use the drug as aantipyretic medicine, is decided in each case. Typically, this depends on the degree of severity and nature of the fever, as well as the tolerability of the drug by the patient.
Unfortunately, the drug "Grippostad C" in capsuleshas a lot of contraindications to use. It is forbidden to appoint at hypersensitivity to the basic and additional components of a medicine or other NSAID.
Also, this medication should not be usedlactose deficiency, kidney dysfunction, malabsorption syndrome of galactose and glucose, impaired liver function, galactosemia, closed-angle glaucoma, lack of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, impaired hepatic function and hyperbilirubinemia.
It is not recommended to take this medicinepatients with heart rhythm disorders, as well as atherosclerosis, insomnia, chronic alcoholism, heart failure (decompensated), sinoatrial blockade, atrioventricular blockade and hypertension.
What other contraindications are available for the drug"Grippostad C"? Capsules, reviews of which are presented below, can not be prescribed for diabetes mellitus, acute form of pancreatitis and exacerbation of gastrointestinal ulcers.
It is also not recommended to take a medication before the age of 12 years.
With caution, "Grippostad C" is prescribed for the elderly, patients with malnutrition, as well as patients who have recently undergone surgery or severe illness.
During treatment with this drug, management of potentially unsafe mechanisms and any motor vehicles should be avoided.
Capsules "Grippostad C": instructions for use
The medicine in question is intended for oral administration. The capsules need to drink plain water (do not drink juice or milk) is not liquid and not revealing the skin.
Usually a single dose of this medicationis 2 capsules. If required, after 5-6 hours you can take the same amount of the drug. In total there should be no more than four receptions of the given medicine per day. Thus, it is forbidden to exceed the daily dose of the medicine in 12 capsules.
The use of Grippostad C does not depend on the intakefood. However, doctors recommend that you do this only after using it. This will significantly reduce the likelihood of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.
The duration of the course of treatment with this drug is determined on an individual basis. However, doctors do not recommend taking this medication for more than five days in a row.
If a long course of therapy is required, then it is necessary to monitor the picture of peripheral blood, as well as the work of the liver, cardiovascular system, kidneys and respiratory system.
If there is a pain syndrome, it is enough to take 1 or 2 capsules once.
Dosage of this remedy must be adjusted in depleted people, with dysfunction of the liver or kidneys and elderly patients.
If the improvement is not observed within three days of the beginning of therapy, then the treatment regimen should be reviewed.
Taking the drug as recommended by your doctordosage is usually well tolerated by patients. However, in some cases, the patient may experience such adverse reactions as allergic manifestations on the skin, difficulty urinating, dry mouth or abnormalities of the digestive system.
In very rare cases, the development of thrombocytopenia and leukopenia is reported.
With prolonged use of the drug in high doses, the patient may have kidney or liver dysfunction.
In some cases, such adverse reactions to paracetomol as nausea, facial edema, hyperhidrosis, marked decrease in pressure and choking were documented.
Signs of an overdose
Exceeding the recommended doses of the drug causes the symptoms of acute poisoning: rapid heartbeat, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, pale skin and hyperhidrosis.
After a lapse of two days, the patient may show signs of liver damage.
With a severe overdose, coma or kidney failure may develop.
To treat such conditions for the first 4 hours, the affected person is prescribed gastric lavage (also the intake of adsorbents is recommended).
Compatibility with other means
Can I combine capsules with other drugs"Grippostad C"? Instructions (tablets should be prescribed only by an experienced physician) advise that this medication should not be combined with an NSAID. It is also undesirable to take it with "Levomycetin", barbiturates, "Rifampicin" and antiepileptic drugs.
The combination of this drug with "Metoclopramide" can lead to accelerated absorption of paracetamol from the intestine. The reverse effect is given by the preparation "Cholestyramine".
Toxicity of an active substance, such asparacetamol, significantly increases under the influence of "Probenecid", as well as drugs that induce enzymes of the liver, salicylates and drugs with a hepatotoxic effect.
In addition, it should be noted that paracetamol may enhance the effect of anticoagulants for oral administration.
In combination with neuroleptics, hypnoticsdrugs, tranquilizers and other drugs that depress the central nervous system, can increase the effect of chlorpheniramine on the HC. It should also be noted that this substance increases the therapeutic effect of antiparkinsonian drugs, antispasmodics, tricyclic antidepressants and Atropine.
The combination of "Grippostad C" with "zidovudine" should be very careful.
The concentration of caffeine in the blood increases withits simultaneous reception with nicotine and barbiturates and, conversely, decreases when interacting with disulfiram, oral contraceptives and cimetidine.
One can not help saying that caffeine increases the additive potential of the components of the ephedrine series, as well as the blood content of "Theophylline".
Absorption of ascorbic acid decreases with its combination with oral contraceptives, alkaline juices and beverages.
It should also be noted that "Grippostad C" influenceson the effect of indirect anticoagulants and "Heparin". When it is combined with salicylates, the probability of developing crystalluria increases. In addition, with the appointment of the drug in question, along with "Deferoxamine", the absorption of tetracyclines, penicillin and iron from the intestine increases, and the risk of their toxic effects on the patient's body increases.
At a high body temperature, which lasts for three days or more, as well as with pain syndrome (more than five days), urgent medical consultation is required.
Vitamin C, part of the "Grippostad C", is able to distort the results of laboratory tests, during which the concentration of glucose in the plasma and uric acid was estimated.
It is strictly forbidden to usecontemplated capsules with drugs that contain paracetamol, as well as with other non-narcotic analgesics and NSAIDs (for example, with Metamizol, acetylsalicylic acid, Ibuprofen, and others).
People prone to frequent drinkingbe sure to consult a doctor before using the drug. This is due to the fact that an active substance such as paracetamol can have a negative effect on the liver.
Cost and similar means
Restorative and antipyretic drug "Grippostad C" is sold in all pharmacies. You can buy such a medicine at a very reasonable price. Its average cost is about 70-120 rubles.
What should I do if the medication in questionyou are contraindicated? What can replace the drug "Grippostad C"? Analogues of this drug are very popular in those who are prone to frequent respiratory diseases. They include such means as "Apap C Plus", "Paracetamol Extra", Efferalgan with vitamin C, Meksavit, Daleron C, Daleron C junior, Paracetamol-S-Hemofarm. All of the listed drugs significantly alleviate the condition of the patient with ARVI and influenza. However, it should be noted that their dosage can significantly differ from the dosage of capsules "Grippostad C". Therefore, it is advisable to replace them with a medication only after consulting a doctor or carefully studying the attached instructions.
The drug "Grippostad C" is far from being the most popular drug used in the season of colds and respiratory diseases. However, he also has his own consumer.
Patients report that taking such capsulesallows in a short time to eliminate the elevated body temperature, as well as all the symptoms of acute respiratory infections, which are manifested in the form of nasal congestion, headaches and sore throat.
To prevent the occurrence of adverse reactions andsymptoms of an overdose, you should always contact an experienced doctor before using this medication. After all, only an expert, based on the analysis and the patient's condition, will be able to select the appropriate dosage of the drug and the scheme of therapy in general.