God gave, God took
In the XIX century, doctors took birth not only without bathrobes, they had such "apron" so as not to get their expensive doctor's costumes soiled with blood and other fluids. Essno, apron these after some birth before the next, no one has changed, not sterilized, and even with soap did not wash. Moreover, at first the doctors went to the prosection room, clarifying the cause of death of their next patient, whom they could not help, and then, in the same dirty apron and not even washing their hands, the next delivery took place.
Accordingly, the death rate among newborns and women in labor then was 20%.
And the doctors said to their husbands, who were murdered by their wives or children who died from sepsis: "Well, what did you want, God gave, God took, it's the LABOR, the thing is unpredictable."
And then Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis arrived in Budapest (it seems then Buda and Pest were two separate cities) and said: "The doctor should wash his hands with bleach before going on labor, and the apron still sometimes washed." The mortality rate of women in labor at his clinic instantly dropped from 18% to 2.5%, or even 1%. The doctor was delighted and began to tell his colleagues how great it is when mortality falls 10 times.
Other doctors immediately called him a charlatan, who was looking for cheap popularity, and continued in the same spirit - do not wash hands, do not change aprons, "God gave, God took."
The head physician at his clinic categorically banned Semmelweis from publishing fever statistics before and after the introduction of antiseptic measures in the clinic. It took as many as FOURTEEN years (from 1847 to 1861) until Semmelweis managed to publish his experience in a book.
All these years, doctors in all European clinics have not washed their hands.
At the same time, the book of Zemmelweis went unnoticed, and the author was once again called a charlatan and laughed.
Robert Koch was then still a very young man, and the young chemistry professor Louis Pasteur had only just completed a study of the process of alcoholic fermentation and was completely unwilling to practice medicine (although he was sad about his three children who died from infections). So the science of microbiology at that moment was not that it was born, but only PREPARED to be born. And what Semmelweis said about the fever that might have something to do with the dirty hands of doctors — at that time it looked like an absolute unscientific heresy.In 1867, Joseph Lister published several articles in The Lancet about his positive experience with carbolic acid in surgery, but also in 1873, the same Lancet warned the medical community about the “inadmissibility of using carbolic acid’s unscientific handwashing technique before surgery ".
In this regard, the system “God gave, God took” continued around the world for another 10–15 years after it was already proven by many doctors (Zemmelweis, Lister, several other doctors) that the mortality of women and babies can be reduced by an order of magnitude simple and fairly cheap methods ...
Moreover, 4 years after the publication of the book, Zemmelweis, her author (who continued to insist on the effectiveness of his method of preventing birthing fever and criticizing his colleagues who did not want to use his method), deceived him into an insane asylum near Vienna. a room in a straitjacket.
As a method of "treating" his "mental illness," daily douche with cold water and a laxative were used. After 2 weeks of such energetic "treatment", Dr. Ignaz Zemmelweis died safely at the age of 47.True, later in honor of Semmelweis was named the Medical University in Budapest, clinics in Austria and other countries, streets, etc.