Fungus on the fingers
Fungal diseases are a pathology caused by microscopic fungi, the main survival mechanism of which is parasitization on human and animal skin.
Fungal diseases of the skin of the hands can be conditionally divided into three large varieties depending on the level and depth of the lesion.
In the first group we refer the fungus to the fingerswith surface localization. The most frequent disease with such a localization is pungent lichen. As a rule, surface-localized fungi do not cause significant inconvenience to the patient, i. E. do not cause itching and burning of the skin, and are not accompanied by a pronounced inflammatory reaction.
What is absolutely impossible to say about the second, moreserious, a group of fungal pathologies. They penetrate deeper layers and cause a lot of unpleasant symptoms. These diseases are contagious and transmitted with direct and indirect contact from person to person.
Such mycoses include epidermophytia andRubrophytia of the feet. Most often, these diseases are of a family nature and are transmitted when wearing common socks, slippers or when using general hygiene items.
Fungus on the fingers, which can spread to all parts of the human body, is referred to the third group of fungal diseases. These include microsporia, trichophytosis and scab.
Trichophytosis is a disease, the main localizationwhich is the scalp, nails and skin of the hands. This disease is caused by several species of fungi. One part of them affects only superficial integuments, the other penetrates deeper and spreads throughout the thickness of the dermis.
Surface trichophytosis begins with redspot in the place of penetration of the fungus into the skin. Then the spot grows and flakes. If the scalp is affected (and this happens more often in children), then the hair begins to break quickly, and soon on the head there are only "hemp".
If the process affects the nail plate andskin of fingers, then on their surface appear small scales and cracks. Nails get an earthy color, quickly break down, and the tissues around become inflamed. In this case, patients feel constant discomfort, burning and itching sensation in the nail and phalanx of the fingers.
If the disease is not treated for a long time, the skin of the fingers grows thicker, becomes rough, and secondary flora enters the small cracks, which leads to aggravation of the process.
Fungus on the fingers is very rarelyconsequence of microsporium. As a rule, it can become only its complication or spreading of the process from the nails. Clinically, this disease manifests itself in small areas of inflammation, which quickly begin to peel off.
Scab or favus can also cause fungus tofingers. This disease is very dangerous, because has a tendency to rapid spread. Infection occurs from sick people through direct contact through things and objects. Most often, several members of the family are infected at once, therefore it is necessary to examine all people who are in contact with the patient (if possible).
The most unpleasant for the patient can be calledfungus between the fingers, because in this place the skin is very tender and thin. Consequently, any traumatization brings a lot of inconvenience to the patient. And external methods of treatment with such a localization of the fungus are very difficult to apply. Accordingly, the healing process lasts longer, and the patients become restless and irritable.
As for fungi, these microorganismsare present on the hands of any person. However, while the body's defenses are able to suppress their activity, fungi are not dangerous to humans and do not cause diseases. When the body weakens, fungal microorganisms become pathogenic, grow rapidly and multiply, thereby creating a characteristic clinical picture.