First-of-its-kind crime scene photos of 1904
Photos of the last century were taken by the lawyer Alphonse Bertillon, who worked in the French police in the 19th century and invented a method for identifying criminals by measuring parts of the body - the bertilonage system. He became a pioneer in criminalistics, which at that time was practically not developed.
And in 1888, Bertillon invented the magnets. It was he who came up with the use of photographs as additional information to describe the appearance of the accused. The shooting was carried out in front, in profile and in three-quarters of a turn. The researcher used a special chair in which the middle was convex and flat, so that the person sitting on it could not move and the head could be kept at the same level.
Bertillon was not only sitting in the police office, judging by these shots, but also went to the crime scene and carefully documented everything.
By the way, the name of Bertillon was so well known that it was mentioned by Conan Doyle in The Hound of the Baskervilles, by Agatha Christie and Boris Akunin.
These shots are truly unique, because at that time such an attitude towards the dead was considered disrespectful and even disgusting. However, it soon became quite obvious that it was precisely these “disgusting” photographs that help solve crimes, and the French police became jealous of the whole world.
Another perspective on the body of the widow. Forensic science in the late XIX - early XX century, only began to develop. But Bertillon was the first to notice that such insignificant details at first glance as the position of the body and the situation in the room could be the missing key to the solution of the crime.
The body of the widow Bol.
Photo caption: “Corpse discovered”, date unknown.
Photo from the scene of the murder of the widow Bol, Paris, 1904. The inscription on the photo: "Inspection in a horizontal plane."
Madame Debansh was found dead on the floor of her apartment in Paris, on May 8, 1903.
Monsieur Fala was murdered in a dream in his apartment, Paris, 1905.
The murder of Mrs. Tussauds, 1902.
The murder of Madame Lek, Paris, 1902.
Bertillon (in the photo) was far from the first who guessed photographing criminals. The officers of the Belgian prison did it in 1843. However, it was he who invented the style of the master, including lighting and posture, which are still used today.
A body was found in a Paris hotel in 1903.
"The body was found on the Rue de Moro, Paris." Date unknown.
Another unknown body.
Murder on Lano street, date unknown.
The body of Julie Gilémon, Paris, 1903.
The body of Helemon turned over on his back.
Photo caption: “On August 9, 1913, an elderly woman was found lying face down on Rozier Street, the city of Saint-Ouen. Looks like the birds in the cages are the only witnesses to the crime. ”
The caption to the photo: "The knife in the hands of the victim involves suicide, but an investigation revealed that Mademoiselle Ferrari was killed by her lover Monsieur Garnier, who stabbed her in the heart."
The murder of Madame Lek on Rue Marty, Paris, 1902.
A body was found in the hotel, Paris, 1903.
Unknown body, Paris.
The body of an unidentified woman, Paris.
Madame Debensch’s bedroom, which was found dead on the floor, Paris, 1903.
In the photo - the consequences of attempted murder. A bomb was thrown to kill King Alfonso XIII of Spain and French President Emile Loubet. As a result of the attack, 12 people were injured and the horse was killed.
The inscription on the photo: "The bedroom of the murder victim."
The body of Madame Geran was found in an apartment in Courbevoie. Bertillon does not write exactly where the corpse was found.
A method of photographing a corpse as part of the identification of the person before the autopsy is demonstrated.
Disorder in the apartment of the murdered Madame Lek.
Body detection The hand of man is visible in the earth.
Photo of the place of murder.
The inscription on the photo: "The place where the body was found."
The victim's house.
Place of the murder, Paris, 1903. Some photos of Bertillon from crime scenes are shocking at the manifestation of the violent nature of man. However, other shots seem worse. Those where, obviously, the victim did not fight the killer.