First aid for sprains and muscles
Sprains, muscles and tendons, most of us associate with an increase in their length as a result of physical exertion. But this opinion is wrong. In our article we will tell you what this type of injury is and what should be first aid for stretching.
What is a sprain, muscle and tendon?
Stretching, which is one of the most common injuries, is not elongation, but tearing of the connective tissue fibers. If the number of damaged fibers is small, the person is slightly stretched, accompanied by slight pain and swelling. The more fibers are damaged, the stronger the pain will be, and the tumor will be more in volume.
When all the fibers are broken, doctors say about the ligament, muscle or tendon rupture. This is the most difficult case, requiring mandatory medical intervention. Otherwise, you risk not to restore the mobility of the joint.
This injury has several subspecies:
- sprains - elastic connective tissue located between the bones;
- muscle strain - elastic muscle tissue capable of contraction;
- Stretching tendons - the tissue that connects muscle and bone.
In most cases, elbow, knee and ankle joints are subject to sprains.
Why does stretching occur?
In life, our joints are daily in motion and subjected to physical exertion. But if the normal amplitude of the movement changes, or the physical efforts increase dramatically, in this case the connective tissues do not withstand and break - as a result, we are dealing with stretching.
Most often, this injury occurs in people involved in sports and physical labor. But any other person who works in the office and who has nothing to do with workloads can suffer.
High-heeled shoes often provokesprainankle joint, an unsuccessful fall of the child - a bruise and stretching of the legs around the knee, heavy bags in the supermarket - stretching the arm in the shoulder area.
Symptoms of stretching
First aid for stretching can be provided only when you accurately identify the injury, and for this you need to know the symptoms:
- the appearance or increase of pain in the joint during movement, especially in the direction in which direction the joint moved at the time of injury;
- if the leg has suffered, the person, stepping on it, begins to feel pain. Sometimes it is so strong that it is impossible to walk;
- swelling of the injury site, increasing over time by several times;
- hematoma (blue) of the skin in the area of injury. Sometimes the bruise appears the next day, but it may not appear at all;
- Stretching moderate severity limits the mobility of the joints. A complete rupture of the ligaments, on the contrary, makes the limb too mobile;
- Sometimes when stretching, a clap is heard - with such a sound, ligaments are torn.
Timely provided and properly provided first aid for stretching allows you to restore the functionality of the damaged joint in a couple of weeks. Otherwise, the rehabilitation period will last more than a month.
First aid for stretching
What to do when stretching? The procedure is very simple:
- you should first immobilize the joint, putting the injured limb or positioning the person so as to ensure the outflow of blood. If the leg is damaged, put it on a chair, putting a pillow under it.The arm can be fixed with a support band;
- apply a tight bandage using an elastic bandage. Do not overdo it - too tight squeezing will break the blood flow;
- make a 20-minute cold compress. When applying ice, you should put a napkin or a towel between it and the skin, so you eliminate the hypothermia of the skin. When you break the muscle compress the first two days should be repeated every 4 hours;
- take pain medication if necessary.
First Aid Video Tips for Sprains:
Do not rush to immediately smear the place of stretching with anesthetic ointments and gels. Most of them have a warming effect, andfirst aid for stretchingconsists in cooling the damaged place. The time of "Diclofenac" and "Fastum-gel" will come later, when the process of restoring joint mobility begins.
When should I see a doctor?
If first aid for stretching did not bring tangible effect, you need to consult a doctor. The campaign to the doctor cannot be postponed when:
- because of severe pain, you cannot move a limb;
- numbness has occurred in the damage area;
- swelling accompanied by persistent redness of the skin;
- at the time of the injury, you heard not a pop, but a crash;
- for three days, improvement did not come.
You should not search the Internet for informationhow to treat sprainand try to bring the joint back to normal. Self-medication only hurts, because the signs of stretching are very similar to the symptoms of a fracture, which can only be detected with the help of X-rays.