Fire safety standards in the Russian Federation
Actual fire safety standards werefixed by a government decree of 25.04.2012 in the rules of the Russian Federation's fire regime. Let us consider in more detail what requirements these rules impose on the behavior of people at work, as well as on the content of various objects in order to ensure their safety.
Norms of fire safety require the management of the enterprise or organization to create an appropriate instruction for each explosion and flammable room separately.
Employees should be allowed to work only after having been instructed in accordance with the regulations.
Management can be assigned a responsibleA person who watches for the lack of fire on the object entrusted to him. If more than fifty people work at the enterprise and at the same time, the fire safety standards recommend that the leadership create a special technical commission.
Also, the management must place the plates with numbers to call the fire fighting service in all potentially hazardous places, including the rooms where combustible materials are stored.
For every ten people working on one floor, there must be one evacuation plan.
If, in addition to a day visit,night stay of people (for example, in boarding schools or nursing homes) - management is required to ensure night duty of personnel. In this case, the sequence of actions in case of fire should be prescribed in the instruction. In addition, if you focus on fire safety standards, this duty person must be provided with PPE from combustion products, telephone and an electric lamp. Daily management must inform the security point, to which this institution is attached, about the number of guests or patients. Buildings in which children stay are required to have at least two evacuation outlets, be equipped with a signal transmission device in case of fire and telephone communication.
Norms of fire safety presuppose an educational, training check on the site with people staying twice a year.
If the building is inhabited by persons with disabilities, they also need to conduct trainings of the sequence of actions in case of fire.
In garden groups, on the territory of settlements andSimilar objects are mandatory presence of fire alarm and fire fighting tanks. Owners of individual houses should themselves purchase a fire extinguisher or install a barrel of water. In the territory of such settlements and associations, fire safety standards are forbidden to arrange a dump of combustible waste, and also to leave containers with flammable and combustible liquids and gases.
In buildings and at facilities all evacuation routes andOutlets should be accessible to people. Fire safety regulations prohibit blocking them with foreign objects. In attics, in cellars, near stairs leading to the exit, it is forbidden to store combustible objects. Access to fire hydrants, fire extinguishers and other means of fire extinguishing should also be free.
In individual housing and industrial premises are prohibited:
- Use equipment that does not have thermal protection, and with faulty thermostats.
- Do not use self-made electrical appliances, as well as any devices that have external damage in the wiring.
- Leave the appliance switched on unattended.
- Store combustible and flammable materials near electrical panels, starting equipment and electric motors.
- Use electrical appliances with visible wiring damage.
More details of fire safety regulations are prescribed in the relevant law.