Female urethritis - types, causes and signs
Why does the disease occur in the fair half of humanity?
The list of factors that provoke such an unpleasant disease as urethritis in women is quite long. And among them, special attention is paid to the following:
- Supercooling of different degrees.
- STD infections that are sexually transmitted. These can be either “classic” diseases of a venereal nature that activate urethritis in women, or those that stimulate bacterial microflora.
- Injuries and damage to the urethra, which arose as a result of medical manipulations or gynecological procedures.
- The first sexual acts of women can also cause the appearance of urethritis, since the inevitable hit during the first sexual intercourse of the partner's microflora can provoke inflammation.
- The occurrence of salt crystals in the urine as a result of impaired salt metabolism can cause illness.
- Gynecological diseases and cystitis (acute, chronic forms).
- Improper diet, which can be an irritant to the urethra.
- Radiotherapy or chemotherapy for cancer.
- Violations that caused a failure in the body's immune system.
Types of disease and symptoms
In women, the urethra (urethra) is shorter and wider than in men (in the photo under figure 5).
The symptoms of each type of urethritis are different, but there are common features that characterize the presence of inflammation in the urethra. This is a burning sensation during urination and pain accompanying the process. Sometimes it is also possible to detect redness in the area of the external female genital organs and itching. Symptoms that can tell about the causative agent of the inflammatory process, can manifest in the form of secretions, the shade of which will indicate the type of infection. But in all cases there are no characteristic signs of urethritis, which greatly complicates the diagnosis.
There are the following types of the disease and their symptoms.
He is accompanied by periodic cramps in the process of urination and sharp pain in the lower abdomen, which occurs from time to time.Acute symptoms of inflammation of the urethra in women go away for 2-2.5 weeks. This does not mean that the disease has disappeared. On the contrary, this is a reason for going to a specialist to start treatment, until the pathogens penetrated during the "dormant" stage much deeper.
The causative agent of this type of urethritis is vaginal trichomonas. This type of disease can in most cases be sexually transmitted. More rare cases occurred in household contacts. Typical symptoms for this species:
- Foamy discharge from the urethra, having a whitish tint;
- frequent urination;
- itching in the urethra;
- cutting pains during urination.
Regarding the signs that indicate a trichomonadic type of inflammation, they can occur within 5 days after infection. However, there were cases when the first symptoms appeared only after 1.5-2 months.
Like Trichomonas urethritis, this type is transmitted by sexual and domestic means. This type of inflammatory process is considered to be the most common among women, which can be activated by gonococci. The first symptoms of infection occur already after 12 hours, because the virus is freely able to move through the mucous membranes. And if not soon begin treatment, the disease can acquire a generalized form quickly enough.
Activated by contact with the mucous membrane of fungal bacteria (genus Candida). This type of inflammation of the urethra is no less common than the previous one. The incubation period for this type of urethritis is 14 to 20 days. This type may begin to appear due to long-term treatment with antibiotics, while they must either be replaced by others, or canceled altogether. Candida urethritis in most cases develops into a chronic form, which is almost impossible to determine due to a diverse set of symptoms.
Symptoms of this type of inflammatory process:
- burning and itching in the urethra;
- in some cases - discharge of a watery consistency, having a pale pink hue;
- in others - thick mucous discharge with barely noticeable threads.
- Candida urethritis has a characteristic feature - to form forms that adapt to the drugs used to treat inflammation.
Chlamydia urethritis, pathogens of which are pathogens chlamydia. Like Trichomonas, this type is most often transmitted sexually, if the partner of women is an infected man. By household means, this species can be purchased much less frequently, since these bacteria quickly die in environmental conditions.
After an incubation period of up to 30 days, the following symptoms are observed in patients:
- burning sensation during urination;
- pain in the external genital area;
- purulent discharge.
How to treat inflammation of the urethra?
The type of treatment of the inflammatory process depends on the type of pathogen, but in general, it is a broad-spectrum medicine and drugs. Treatment of urethritis in women can also be carried out in some cases with the help of tampons and vaginal suppositories. At the same time, means for enhancing the immune system and a special diet (excluding alcohol, salted and smoked food, pickles) can be prescribed.
Along with drug treatment, in some cases, non-traditional methods can be used. Treatment with folk remedies can sometimes make a significant contribution to recovery. And the most effective in the fight against urethritis are decoctions of lime blossom, cornflower and some herbal preparations. For example, from peppermint, dioecious nettle and calamus roots.