Effective ways to quickly stop nosebleeds
The main causes of the phenomenon
Blood is expelled from the nose even with minor bruises. This is explained by the fact that there are many capillaries and blood vessels in this part of the body. The resulting bleeding can be complicated by significant blood loss, especially in a child. To prevent this, in some situations it will be necessary to contact a specialist. In other cases, help a person with hemorrhage from the nose at home on their own.
We give the causes of such phenomena and options for first aid. Often, blood flows to people who suffer from the bad habit of poking fingers in their nostrils. A child may experience a similar phenomenon with minor damage to this part of the body, injury or in a fight. In general, such situations make up about 70% of the total mass. They are connected, as a rule, with the external lesion of the vessels and capillaries located in the anterior fore part.
Cases where bleeding arises from the posterior part fall on the remaining 30%. Their causes, as a rule, are invisible, and therefore it is worth paying special attention to their manifestation. Very often, such red discharge indicates high pressure.
In an adult and in a child and an adult, bleeding from the nasal passage may result from:
- lack of sleep and overwork;
- nervous shock, stress;
- overheating of the body;
- heat stroke;
- lack of vitamin C;
- avitaminosis, atherosclerosis and similar diseases that are accompanied by weakening of the walls of blood vessels;
- hormonal disruption occurring during pregnancy and during menopause;
- appeared pathological tumors in the nasal cavity;
- heart disease;
- renal impairment;
- liver disease, spleen, causing blood clotting disorders;
- bleeding intracranial, in the lungs, esophagus.
People who, because of diseases or disorders of the vessels of the nasal passage, often experience bleeding, have learned to isolate the preceding factors. For example, if you suddenly experience a headache, dizziness, discomfort in the nose, or tinnitus, you can expect the appearance of red discharge.
And if the bleeding caused by visible reasons, not for every adult will be the reason for the visit to the doctor, then such a manifestation in the future mom or child should cause a lot of questions. In general, high pressure bleeding is also not considered normal.
First aid for bleeding
- take a sitting position with your head slightly tilted forward for 2-3 minutes;
- place in each pass a piece of cotton soaked in hydrogen peroxide;
- with moderate pressure, hold your nose with your fingers, and attach a cold object to the back of your head.
If the blood from the nose went to the child, you need to act as follows. First, you should put the baby so that the discharge can flow out freely. Next, you will need to quickly get the ice and attach it to the nose or forehead crumbs. In this case, you need to make sure that the feet of the child are always warm.If the red discharge does not stop with cavities clamped for 15 seconds, try to gently place a cotton swab into the nostril.
The appearance of bleeding from the nose should be treated very carefully. If at the first medical aid it is not possible to stop the discharge for 30 minutes, and the child has 15 minutes, you should call an ambulance.
What measures are better not to take?
In cases where this phenomenon continues all the time, it is possible that the person has hypertension. This diagnosis can be confirmed by a specialist after the appropriate examination. In cases where blood flows from the nasal passages under high pressure, it is better not to take any measures. This can be explained by the physiological peculiarity of the organism, because it tries to lower the pressure by releasing blood liquids. Thus, our body prevents stroke. In general, similar phenomena occur in the morning in hypertensive patients. With high pressure, blood from the nose can flow between 4 and 6 in the morning.
However, when such a situation arises, it is strongly not recommended to lie down and, moreover, to raise the legs.By adopting this position, you will quickly aggravate the situation, as the blood flow to the head will increase, leading to a significant loss of blood.
You also can not tilt the head back, because in this case, the selection will begin to flow on the back of the throat. This, in turn, can cause vomiting. In addition, blood can get into the respiratory tract. A similar phenomenon is fraught with pneumonia.
It is not recommended to blow your nose during discharge from the nose of bloody fluid. This action prevents it from stopping, since the formation of a clot and blockage of the vessel will not occur during blowing your nose. It is better to refrain from committing this action for 12 hours later.
If the selection does not stop
If it is not possible to stop the discharge of bloody fluid from the nose at home, no need to continue to test folk remedies. Especially if it concerns a child.In case the bleeding is not strong, visit the nearest ENT hospital.
If the situation is difficult and the situation can turn into blood loss, quickly call an ambulance. A team of specialists who have arrived at the site will provide assistance and, if necessary, hospitalize the patient.
Methods of prevention of the phenomena and their relapses
First, to avoid similar situations with the flow of blood from the nasal passages, undergo a hospital examination for the reasons for their occurrence. Secondly, if the doctor prescribes a course of treatment, it will need to be completely passed.
If the patient is hypertensive and is experiencing bleeding at high pressure, it is better for him to regularly monitor his health. To avoid unpleasant situations and adverse effects, people suffering from hypertension need to prevent an increase in blood pressure.
For the child, you need to organize a section for swimming and hardening to strengthen the walls of blood vessels. In addition, children need to be more often in the fresh air and less poking around in the nose to avoid such phenomena. It is also recommended to air the nursery more often, to reduce physical exertion, to enrich the diet with vitamins. If necessary, adjust the daily routine of the baby.