Effective cold treatments
Classification of respiratory diseases
To understand what should be the prevention of influenza and ARVI, you must first understand the classification of colds. In many ways, effective treatment will depend on the correctness of the established diagnosis. Unfortunately, many people are not well versed in the causes that cause colds. This leads to the fact that they acquire ineffective drugs that are not recommended for the treatment of this type of disease. For example, in case of diseases caused by viruses, antibiotics are not taken.
It is worth noting that the main colds are the following:
- acute pharyngitis;
- adenovirus infection;
- runny nose
Flu- It is a disease that is caused by different types of flu virus. Medical science knows many varieties of this virus - more than 2 thousand. It is the flu that is the disease that most often causes complications.Its main symptoms include a very high body temperature, runny nose, severe muscle pain, dizziness, and headache. Sometimes the body temperature during the flu reaches 38 - 40 degrees.
Extremely dangerous this disease for children who are not so strong immunity, and pregnant women. Influenza virus often causes complications associated with the development of the fetus. It is worth noting that this virus mutates every year. For this reason, people do not develop immunity after suffering the disease.
Today, doctors most often diagnose not the flu, butARVI. The abbreviation stands for "Acute respiratory viral infection." The disease is viral in nature. But doctors can not exactly determine which virus caused the common cold. The term "ARVI" refers to several disorders at once: influenza, respiratory syncytial infection, rhinovirus infection, adenovirus infection, parainfluenza.
Runny nose- This is a condition that everyone knows. It occurs in almost any cold diseases, delivering great difficulties to man.In addition to difficulty breathing, a runny nose is dangerous in that it may cause complications - sinusitis and sinusitis.
Adenovirus infectionknown more as a sore throat. This disease affects the upper respiratory tract. At the same time, the tonsils become inflamed, the submandibular lymph nodes increase. There are different types of angina: ulcer-membranous, catarrhal, follicular, lacunar. The treatment of such a disease must take place under the supervision of a physician, who will determine its form and prescribe the appropriate drugs.
A very common disorder is alsolaryngitis. Such a diagnosis is made in inflammation of the larynx. The main symptoms of the disease include hoarseness, barking cough, pain in the throat, feeling of soreness. It is worth noting that laryngitis is especially dangerous for young children, because it can cause false croup, characterized by a narrowing of the walls of the larynx.
Pharyngitis- this is inflammation of the pharynx. It can be chronic and acute. In acute pharyngitis, the following symptoms are observed: sore throat, dry cough, sore throat. On examination, it is found that the tissues of this organ are inflamed.The cause of pharyngitis may be influenza virus, adenoviruses, Candida fungi.
Bronchitis- This is also a cold, which can develop by itself, and may be a complication of ARVI. Bronchitis is an inflammatory process of the bronchial mucosa. The main symptoms of this disorder are dry cough, which turns into a wet one after a few days, fever, chest pain, and headache. If you do not treat such a disease, it can turn into chronic bronchitis.
Measures to prevent colds
Every year, scientists develop vaccines for the type of flu that will be rampant in the world. Vaccination will provide immunity. According to statistics, among the vaccinated people get sick units. Of course, there are also disadvantages of this method of prevention:
- There are only flu shots, not sore throats and bronchitis.
- Vaccination for this disease is not mandatory. Accordingly, the flu vaccine is done for money.
- There are contraindications to vaccination.
Respiratory diseases are transmitted from person to person. For this reason, during the period of epidemics, which are most often in the off-season, it is worthwhile to give up visiting crowded places, such as big stores, restaurants, and cinemas, whenever possible. If you need to overcome a short distance, it is better to do it on foot, and not by public transport.
If you need to visit a crowded place, then there are two ways to protect yourself from colds. The first is the use of medical masks. Disposable maxi can be worn for no more than two hours, after which it is necessary to replace it. The second method is the use of oxolinic ointment. This drug should be applied to the tip of the nose before dealing with the sick and visiting places with large crowds. It is very important to monitor hand hygiene. During epidemics, they should be washed as often as possible, because viruses are deposited on the palms and fingers, and then they enter the body through the respiratory tract and mucous membranes of the eyes.
It is necessary to strengthen the immune system. During the peak of the spread of respiratory diseases should eat foods that contain large amounts of vitamin C: lemon, broth hips, oranges, black currants.It is advisable to go to the open air as often as possible, to lead an active lifestyle.
It is important to maintain an optimal microclimate in the room, which provides for a temperature of no more than 18 - 20 degrees and humidity at the level of 60 - 70%. It is imperative to ventilate the room. To protect the child, try at the time of the peak of the incidence of not taking the baby to kindergarten. In aggregate, all of the above methods give a positive result. At the same time, no prophylaxis guarantees that a person will not get sick during an epidemic of respiratory diseases.
A major role in the prevention of colds is local immunity. To strengthen it, you should regularly moisten the nasal mucosa with the help of a solution of sodium chloride or special preparations that contain purified seawater. Among them are Aqua Maris, Khumer, Marimer, Salin, Nosol and others. Mud irrigation solution can be made independently. To do this, dilute 1 teaspoon of salt in 1 liter of boiled water. Liquid should splash the nose as often as possible. Moisturized mucous is a reliable protection against colds.
The treatment of respiratory diseases in most cases does not pass without drugs. A very common symptom is fever.
At a temperature, two kinds of drugs are effective: containing paracetamol and acetylsalicylic acid. Paracetamol-based preparations are safe. Treatment in this way has virtually no side effects. Aspirin and other tablets that contain acetylsalicylic acid have many contraindications. Their benefits include anesthetic effect. Acetylsalicylic acid thins the blood.
The most popular means to reduce the temperature of the flu and colds are:
- Acetylsalicylic acid;
- Upsarin Upsa;
Effective drugs for the prevention and treatment of influenza and respiratory diseases are immunomodulators that have a stimulating effect on the body's defensive responses against viruses and infections. Such drugs increase blood levels of interferon and antibodies that fight viruses.A much lower dosage is used for prophylaxis than for treatment. Among these drugs is very popular Anaferon, Amiksin, Cycloferon.
Antiviral drugs are effective during flu and colds. It is worth noting that immunostimulants also have an antiviral effect. There is a separate category of drugs that make treatment effective due to the effect on neuraminidase, thereby preventing further multiplication of the virus. Tamiflu, Arbidol, Peramivir, Relenza, Ingavirin are very popular remedies.
Among the preparations for flu and colds, instant powders are often used: Coldrex, Antigrippin, Weeks active Symptomax, Gripex, Maxicold. Most of these drugs contain paracetamol, caffeine, ascorbic acid.However, they have a symptomatic effect, that is, lower the temperature, relieve nasal congestion and muscle pain for a short time. These drugs have no therapeutic effect. They are taken to briefly return to work.
There are many medicines that can help cure a runny nose and sore throat. From nasal congestion, only drops on a natural basis should be selected, for example, Pinosol. It is made on the basis of essential oils. Unlike herbal remedies for the treatment of rhinitis, vasoconstrictor drops only temporarily facilitate breathing without a therapeutic effect.
Rules for effective treatment
Medical science has long since discovered how to treat flu and respiratory diseases. Antibiotics are not used against viruses that cause influenza and ARVI. Their use is not effective. Any antibiotics increase the risk of complications. In no case should you take expectorant drugs without prescription. They can increase the cough, thereby aggravating the condition of influenza and ARVI. Modern methods of treatment do not include the use of cans, mustard plaster and compresses of food: cabbage, honey, potatoes.Such methods have only a placebo effect in treating colds, but increase the risk of burns and allergic reactions on the skin.
During treatment for flu and catarrhal diseases, it is very important to provide plenty of warm drink. Any tea - black, green, herbal, dogrose decoction, compote, drink with honey and lemon will do. The fluid speeds up the healing process of diseases.
It is worth noting that during colds and flu it is necessary to dress warmly, but not hot. The room must always be aired. It should be maintained at a temperature of 18 - 20 degrees and humidity of 60 - 70%, as well as during prevention. If there is dry air in the house, the nasal mucosa will quickly dry out, causing further spread of the flu virus. In addition to maintaining a favorable indoor climate, it is necessary to irrigate the nose with saline or drops.
There is another rule - if during the flu and respiratory diseases the patient does not get better on the fourth day, urgently need to seek qualified medical assistance.Dangerous manifestations are the following: fever on the seventh day of the disease, difficulty breathing, increased cough, severe condition of the patient with mild flu and respiratory symptoms, chest pain, pallor of the skin. If the temperature does not go down after half an hour after taking a febrifuge, you should immediately call an ambulance. Seeing a doctor for all of the above symptoms is mandatory.
The common cold is a condition that is familiar to everyone. This is the common name for respiratory diseases, which every year millions of people around the world put to bed. Effective treatment reduces the risk of side effects and speeds recovery. We wish you to get sick as little as possible and use only effective treatments in case of illness.