Do we understand Russian proverbs of laziness correctly?
The secondary school program has a poem inIvan Sergeevich Turgenev's prose "The Russian Language". There is such a line: "O great, mighty, truthful and free Russian language." Something in this proposal seemed to our people, burdened with universal literacy, close, and he took it into service, though, slightly curtailed. Thus a proverb appeared: "The great and mighty Russian language". Basically, this phrase is pronounced in an ironic context: in the event that someone made a mistake in the pronunciation of a word, in the construction of a sentence, and so on. And everyone understands what is at stake. That is, the poetic line has turned into a proverb - a kind of turn of speech with a humorous overtones. But if we conclude in the end, for example: "The great and mighty Russian language, that's why we must use it skillfully," then we will get a proverb.
Proverbs and sayings - a bridge in past centuries
In all languages, without exception, there are proverbs andsayings: about laziness, about work, about skills, about observations, in general, about everything that happens to us and to the world around us. They have evolved over many generations and through millenniums bring us the wisdom of our ancestors. From them one can understand how our great-grandfathers treated this or that phenomenon.
For example, we all know laziness without exception. Some struggle with it, and sometimes successfully, others give in to it - and they also achieve certain heights in this business. Of course, the traces of this struggle could not but be reflected in folk folklore. As a result, there were numerous sayings about laziness. Some of them are well known to everyone, but do we understand them correctly? Let's understand.
Sayings about laziness and work
We all know the saying: "The horses are dying from work." In the original full version, in the form of a proverb, she looked like this: "From work horses are dying, and people are getting stronger". It is easy to see that the meaning of the proverb and the proverb is the opposite.
The proverb says that it is not necessary to work,because the occupation is hard and ungrateful, even such hardy animals as horses can not stand. The proverb also explains that it is necessary to work, because a person (unlike an animal that is incapable of understanding the meaning and meaning of labor) becomes healthier and stronger from this.
Let's look at some sayings about laziness. For example: "Someone else's work is a little trouble." Although there is no explicit mention of laziness, it is implied: when someone else works, we can rest and do not know what to do. So in fact? No not like this. Here it is a question of another: if you need to replace a friend in work, then do not be afraid to work hard, because it's good, and you do not need to take it as additional trouble and burden.
Old values of familiar expressions
There are other sayings about laziness. "Hit the buckets", for example. We use this turn in the sense of "being lazy, doing nothing". And initially the meaning of this saying was different.
Baklusha is a preparation for a wooden spoon. It represented an ordinary churochku, chopped from a log. Great skill such a job did not require, therefore, was entrusted to masters assistants - apprentices. And it was called a simple occupation "to beat the buckets". Hence, the saying is not about idleness, but about simple work.
Since we are here remembering sayings about laziness, how notto say: "Work is not a wolf - it will not run away to the forest". That is, there is no need to hurry, the work will wait, when we are ready, then we will do it. But if we finish this phrase the way our ancestors came up with it, we get the following: "The work is not a wolf - it will not run away to the forest, because it's cursed, and it's necessary to do it." That is, the conclusion is the opposite - do not drag the line, but it still will not go anywhere, so it's better to do it without delay.
So what is the conclusion from all that has been said? The wisdom of the people says: you do not have to be lazy - it's a sin. We need to work for ourselves and help others - and then everything will be fine with us.