Disease plagues and the fight against them: to help a beginning gardener
Disease plagues and the fight against them are of interest to manygardeners. What they are not ready to get a harvest of delicious and high-quality fruits. Only healthy fruits can be large, without damage, beautiful. If you delve into the Internet, it's easy to find information about what plum disease exists. Photos show the results of their impact. This article describes some of the common threats to plums.
Smoky spotting threatens all representativesstone fruits. The reason for it is a fungus. Brown spots on leaves with a dark border in the spring, small red-brown spots on the fruit and reddish on the branches. Over time, the berries take the wrong shape, and the wood is cracked, the gum is released. Fungoid plum disease and the fight against them are very important issues for obtaining a good harvest. In order to defeat smoky spotting, it is necessary to thin out the crown of each tree in time, to weed out weeds, to dig up the earth. The fallen foliage is burned, it is also necessary to deal with the affected branches to prevent further spread of the fungus. Three times the trees are sprinkled with 1% Bordeaux liquid: when the buds begin to turn pink, when the flowers fall and after another 2-3 weeks. These measures are necessary if the threat has become serious.
Some other fungal plum disease and wrestlingwith them are very similar to the smoky spot. For example, the fruit can grow empty, blown, they do not form a bone, the surface breaks down with a waxy coating of mealy white color. These are signs of marsupial disease. Symptoms vary, and methods of struggle are the same.
Dangerous for trees and gum, itis the excretion on the cracks of the cortex and sections of colorless, having a yellowish or brown color of the resin. It multiplies bacteria that cause cancer of the trunk and branches. The cause is fungal diseases, as well as, as already mentioned above, mechanical damage, freezing, sunburn and other consequences of unfavorable conditions. Trees can suffer from growing on acidic, heavy and floating soils with excess moisture and nitrogen. Cracks on the cortex with gum, which appear due to plum disease, are very dangerous, and fighting with them becomes a priority.
If possible, try to create goodconditions for trees, protect them from mechanical damage. Wounds must be cleaned in time, disinfected with 1% solution of copper sulfate. Then you need to cover them with a garden fume. In order to save trees from sunburn, trunks whiten in late autumn and early spring. To whitewash does not crumble immediately after drying, a little bit of glue is added to the solution.
In order to fight with all the knownfruit rot, especially strongly manifested itself in a rainy summer, it is necessary to remove all the affected fruits from the garden in time and dig in. At the same time, avoid touching healthy fruit, so as not to pass the disease on. Fight with insects that damage plums, it is with their help that rot will spread.
Fighting plum disease should be conducted regularly, to year after year to enjoy a good harvest.