Diclofenac ointment - a remedy for joint pain
Properties and benefits of the drug
Muscle and joint pain differs in rather big intensity. It deprives a person of sleep, does not allow to move and work freely. If your back or any joint hurts, then it is impossible to lead a normal normal life. To relieve this condition or completely eliminate the pain helps the means for external use Diclofenac.
It belongs to the category of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and has such advantages:
- high efficiency;
- ability to be quickly absorbed, without leaving fat marks;
- possesses good penetration;
- produces transdermal effects;
- it can be applied at children's age.
The gel is intended for external use.It has a white-yellow or cream color. The tool is made of uniform consistency with a peculiar smell. Diclofenac is produced in aluminum tubes, the accepted dosage is 30 and 50 g. The tube is packed in a cardboard box. Attached instructions for the patient.
A gel containing such a component as diclofenac has such a pronounced therapeutic effect:
Diclofenac Gel has an antipyritic effect.
It is recommended to store the gel in a dry, cool place, protected from direct sunlight, at a temperature not lower than +8 and not higher than +25 degrees.
What is the ointment?
The main active ingredient, which determines the effectiveness of the tool, is diclofenac sodium. In 1% of the drug it contains 10 mg, in 5% - 50mg. In addition to the main potent substances are used auxiliary:
- propylene glycol;
- carbopol (carbomer);
- methyl parahydroxybenzoate;
Purified water and lavender oil are also added to the drug to give it the necessary consistency.
How does the drug work?
Diclofenac gel is used only externally. As a result of the use of the drug relieves pain and decreases swelling, which provokes the inflammatory process. Local application eliminates the ingress of medicinal components in the internal organs. Rubbing the ointment leads to a weakening (elimination) of pain, both at rest and when moving.
After applying the remedy, the patient feels much better. The ointment relieves morning swelling in the joints and reduces swelling. Using the gel according to the rules contained in the instructions leads to a significant increase in the range of motion.
If the gel is applied correctly (recommended doses), then its absorption rate will not exceed 6%.
The gel is applied to non-injured skin. Do not allow ointment on the surface of open wounds. The use of funds does not imply the imposition of an occlusive dressing. Using an ointment, care must be taken: avoid contact with eyes and mucous membranes.
When choosing a single dosage should take into account the area of the painful area. The standard single dose for external use (for 1% gel) is 2-4 grams. This volume can be compared with a medium-sized berry or a small nut. If 5% gel is used, the dose is reduced to 2 grams. This is a strip of ointment 4 centimeters in length.
Ointment can be applied to children. If their age is from 6 to 12 years, then the gel with 1% diclofenac content is applied on the skin in a volume of 2 g. The procedure is repeated 2 times a day. If a gel with 5% content of the active ingredient is used, then it is applied twice a day for 1 g. Adults and children (from 12 years old) apply ointment from 3 to 4 times during one day.
The duration of therapy for which Diclofenac Gel is used depends on the evidence and effectiveness.If Diclofenac was used for two weeks and there was no improvement, consult a doctor.
What diseases helps ointment?
The extended spectrum of action that Diclofenac gel contains, makes its use expedient for such diseases:
- rheumatism (articular syndrome therapy);
- gout in the acute stage;
- rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis;
- osteoarthritis, sciatica, inflammation of the tendons and ligaments;
- sciatica, lumbago.
Diclofenac gel provides improved conditions for tendovaginitis and bursitis. Intensive muscle pains of non-rheumatic etymology (overstrain, dislocations, bruises, sprains) also disappear after external use of Diclofenac.
Who is contraindicated means?
It is necessary to exclude the use of self-medication in the presence of such contraindications:
- open wounds;
- bronchial asthma (its recurrences caused by the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and salicylates);
- pregnancy in the third trimester and breastfeeding;
- individual sensitivity to the main active ingredient, which is diclofenac;
Patients who have poor blood clotting and chronic heart failure can use Diclofenac ointment only after consulting a doctor. This recommendation also applies to older people.
Possible unwanted effects and their warning
Before starting home treatment, for which diclofenac ointment will be used, the instruction must be studied. To completely eliminate unwanted effects, it is better to consult about the feasibility of its use with an experienced doctor.
In the process of applying the gel may cause side effects. They may be caused by non-compliance with the recommended dosage, which contains instructions. Sometimes this is due to the individual characteristics of the patient.
In case of overdose, problems may arise with the normal functioning of the digestive tract. Patients complain of nausea, loss of appetite, the phenomenon of flatulence. Sometimes there is a headache, a state of drowsiness. In more severe cases, bronchospasm or anaphylactic shock is diagnosed.
Although outdoor use minimizes the likelihood of an overdose, it cannot be absolutely excluded. The gel is released without a prescription and can be used for home treatment. Therefore, patients should be aware that any drug has limitations. The attached instructions will help you choose the right dosage and maximize the effectiveness of the ointment.