Causes, diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence in women before and after 50 years
Who is at risk
It is a mistake to assume that urinary incontinence affects, if not the older part of the fair sex, then women after 50 years. The disease can occur at any age. Especially if the lady overstepped the mark in thirty years, or gave birth to 2-3 babies. The problem does not carry a danger to the female body, however, it suppresses morally, greatly reduces the quality of life of the patient.
An incorrect decision is the refusal of medical care and consultation of the urologist. Many are ashamed to go to the hospital with this problem. Some do not understand that only a doctor can bring them back to normal life. Indeed, because of this affliction, women are oppressed and irritable.
Types of incontinence
There are several types of urinary incontinence in women, namely:
- urgent or imperative;
- permanent incontinence (for example, during intercourse)
Most often ladies suffer from the first three. If we talk about urge incontinence, then you need to understand the uncontrolled leakage of urine during a strong urge to urinate. In the case of the second, urination occurs during weight lifting, coughing, laughing or sneezing. The third position speaks for itself.
Causes of the disease
In the female part of the population, including after 50 years, the reasons for the appearance of urinary incontinence can be very diverse. However, this pathology is most often observed in those women who gave birth. In this case, a large percentage of cases are seen among those who have had protracted or rapid delivery if they were accompanied by pelvic floor breaks or other birth injuries.
There are other causes of urinary incontinence in women. In particular, menopause, which provokes an imbalance of hormones. Also, doctors consider this ailment and with the loss of muscle tone of the closing device of the bladder, which is observed in women after 50 years. The reasons may be:
- age-related changes in hormonal order;
- peripheral and central nervous system diseases;
- injuries of the perineum, during which the nerve trunks, which are responsible for urination, were damaged;
- heavy sports or hard physical labor;
- chronic cough;
- spinal cord injury;
- bladder cancer.
Treatment of incontinence
The way out of this situation can be a complete cure or control of the process itself. It should be understood that urinary incontinence in women, despite the reasons that provoked this ailment in both women after 50 years and much younger, is completely cured with the help of various therapeutic approaches.
Lifestyle changes and special exercises
To help get rid of the unpleasant factor in life will help Kegel exercises that are aimed at strengthening the pelvic muscles. These gymnastic techniques will have to be performed not only correctly, but also daily.
Actually, the treatment of urinary incontinence in women consists in maintaining a proper lifestyle. We are talking about the correct determination of the types of food that irritate the bladder mucosa. Finding such products, they are completely excluded from the diet.
Among the irritants, doctors distinguish:
- milk products;
We can not say that the treatment of this disease will consist in the normalization of the patient's weight.
Behavioral therapy methods
In this case, the treatment of urinary incontinence in women, including after 50, may also consist in the so-called bladder training, when urination occurs according to a certain schedule. The time interval between the urges increases, which allows you to successfully control the entire process.
The proposed technique is used in the case when the patient is immobilized and can not serve themselves independently.
It is used in the case when not only the causes of urinary incontinence in women are known, but also when all of the above did not bring the desired result.Therefore, drug treatment is used as the penultimate firing line in the fight against the disease, even for women after 50.
In particular, anticholinergic drugs are used to promote the increase in the volume of the bladder and its relaxation. They are more effective in situations where the urge to hold back is simply impossible.
Cases of use of antidepressants are not rare. They are used when it is impossible to restrain not only the desire, but also pressure on the walls of the bladder. If necessary, these drugs can be used in combination with anticholinergic.
Not always to improve the situation for the patient, even after 50, treatment is required. To eliminate incontinence, it is possible to use special devices. For example, such as a pessary. It is inserted into the vagina, reaching the cervix, and thus creates additional pressure. This device is not used constantly, but only in certain cases, for example, during active activities, such as jogging.
Surgical intervention, like incontinence treatment,it is used in the case when drugs and various devices do not bring the desired relief, especially for women after 50.
Any surgical intervention in the case of urinary incontinence in women is aimed at resuming the proper placement of urinary organs. Urine leakage during coughing, sneezing, or laughing, after surgery, is significantly reduced.
Treatment of folk remedies
Do not forget that urinary incontinence in women is not a modern disease.
St. John's wort and the centaury
The above herbs are mixed in equal proportions. Then one teaspoon of the mixture is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 10-15 minutes. It is better that the infusion was prepared in a thermos. In the end, it is filtered and drunk instead of tea in the afternoon.
Perhaps the treatment of this disease and with the help of corn stigmas.To do this, take one teaspoon of this herb and pour it with one glass of boiling water, then infuse for 10-15 minutes. The infusion is finally filtered and drunk like an ordinary tea, after adding one teaspoon of natural honey to it.
Often in the treatment of the disease used and fennel seeds. To prepare the infusion, they took one tablespoon of dill seeds and poured them with a glass of boiling water, then left to infuse, preferably in a thermos, for two hours. Then filtered and drank the prepared infusion.
Hypericum and cowberry leaves
You must take two tablespoons of each of the ingredients and pour three cups of boiling water. Then boil for ten minutes, then cool and strain. This decoction should be taken after 14 hours and drink until the evening in small sips.
Ways to avoid urinary incontinence
In order not to require the treatment of this disease in the future, in order to eliminate the need to drink special medications, it is necessary to reduce the risk of this unpleasant disease. To this end, doctors recommend:
- Keep healthy weight for yourself.
- To live an active lifestyle.
- Allocate time for training the muscles of the pelvis.
- Stop smoking.
- Abandon alcohol abuse.
- If necessary, make a schedule of urination at least 1 time after 2-4 hours.
- Make sure that there is no constipation.