Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

In the description of the Soviet grenades, you can find the phrase: "Inside the body of the grenade (between the explosive charge and the body) there is a grid of cardboard for rational crushing of the body into fragments, which contributes to an increase in the fragmentation effect." To come to the opening of the grid itself helped ... bag-bag!

Bach - and the ladies!

With the property of gunpowder, it was great to know Babahat more closely with his European inventor, Berthold Schwartz. In those medieval times, people in Europe lived their habitual wonders. “That we have some kind of powder when we are waiting for the end of the world from day to day!” And soon Schwarz’s invention was rumbling with the first cannon.

It quickly turned out that with the help of gunpowder, it turns out to be a good idea to launch something like a stone block in the direction of evil enemies. Accuracy, however, ranged from plus or minus the city, but since they were shooting at the city walls, they were satisfied with the consumers.Loud monsters quickly became the first and last argument of the monarchs in the fight against the feudal freemen, clearly showing that "early, apparently, do not care about kings!".

However, in the open field the guns had to be more difficult. Of course, get in the way of some kind of squad (the combat order of infantry, built in the form of a square or rectangle. - Approx. Ed.) - lane "). But with the infantry deployed in line, such tricks no longer worked.

Before the Hollywood films, where every nucleus almost demolishes the half-battalion with an almost atomic explosion, it was necessary to wait a long time. And the heirs of the monk Schwartz were perplexed: how could one hit a little more people with one shot ?!

Shrapnels and Pineapples

Pretty soon, the gunners came to the idea of ​​making the core hollow and pouring all the same magic powder into the empty space. The resulting item was called a bomb. True, the very first samples were also far from super-duper. As a rule, during an explosion, they broke up into a couple of large fragments.

The solution to the problem was proposed by Briton Henry Shrapnel.Plain bullets were thrown at the core, and if it was possible to make him blast higher, lead rain poured onto the heads of the enemy soldiers. This version of the ammunition with the GGE - ready attacking elements - is used with might and main in our days. And it is called in honor of the inventor - shrapnel. From huge air defense missiles to small Claymore anti-personnel mines. Or even improvised explosive devices of terrorists - then nails, balls from bearings and in general everything that comes to hand will be used.

British 18 – lb (83,8 mm) shrapnel shell used in the First World War
However, the projectile with the GGE, even the most primitive, is more expensive than usual. It is better when the useful work of mowing the grass and everything living around makes fragments of the shell itself. Well, so that this body scattered to the sides as it should, and not as horrible, they began to make notches on its surface from the outside or the inside. The most classic examples of such a device are the British Mills bomb (the “Mills bomb”), the French F.1 and our F-1 “lemon”, a hand-grenade with a corrugated body, familiar to everyone, if not for the lessons of basic military training, then for cinema .

However, in practice, it quickly became clear: the presence of notches does not guarantee at all that the ammunition case will spread over them. In the same "lemon" most of the body is literally crushed into dust, giving a bunch of small and harmless fragments. As sadly noted in this regard in the description of the grenade: "the idea of ​​forming fragments of predictable size due to the corrugation of the body was not quite correct."

Avoska comes to the rescue

After the Great Patriotic War in the USSR, it was decided to seriously and on science to do research on the fragmentation issue. How fragments of the shell of an ammunition are formed during an explosion and where they fly - they decided to check all this “in kind” at the test site.

While the shells were being blown up on the ground or at a low altitude, there were no problems. However, the moment came when the ammunition needed to be raised higher. And it just did not work. The shape of the shells, as is known, is aerodynamically correct, streamlined - there is nothing to cling to it, and it is not very possible to fix it in the loop.

And then some of the officers dawned: "Yes, in his string bag and all the works!"

It is not known how long the testers were happy to solve the problem. A real shock was waiting for them after the explosion.A shell from a string bag gave a mass of large fragments of the “correct” shape - to the size of the bag cells.

They didn’t immediately believe in the discovered effect, but a series of the following experiments clearly showed that the mesh “skin” without any laborious cuts allows splitting the body into fragments of the desired size. It would be even better if this grid is positioned inside, between the explosives and the hull.

For residents of the former USSR, perhaps – bag — a mesh bag — has always remained one of the symbols of the era of total shortages of goods. “This is a string bag. Perhaps I will bring something in it ... "

The fact that millions of heirs of this string bag have spread around the world in very serious products, still very few people know.

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  • Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

    Avoska for the projectile: how the net bag helped a great Soviet Army

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