Amigurumi - miniature talisman toys with their own hands
If you have never seen a little funny amigurumi, hurry to find and admire these cute knitted toys. Unfortunately, the work of professional craftsmen are very expensive. But you can easily link the Amigurumi yourself!
Features of creativity
The literal translation of the Japanese word amigurumi sounds like "knitted-wrapped." The knitting technique gained popularity in the 70s of the twentieth century - it was at this time that the heyday of television and Japanese anime cartoons accounted for. Cartoon characters were the first prototypes for Amigurumi.
Later animals and humanlike pupae, figurines of food, sweets, even household items, knitted by the caring hands of craftsmen, began to appear. During the short time of existence, the Amigurumi have already managed to acquire distinctive features.
Amigurumi differ from other toys in their miniature style.It is rare to find a knitted Japanese toy above fifty centimeters.
The average height of the product varies in the range of 5-20 centimeters. But sometimes there are true works of art with a size of no more than one centimeter.
A prerequisite for amigurumi is a cute appearance, since the anime characters, which they began to knit in the first place, had attractive distinctive features.
Toys should be with large children's eyes, small noses and mouths.
Increased attention to amigurumi is also achieved due to disproportionate body parts of the toy. A large head and large limbs are connected with a small body.
Such proportions give the toy a resemblance to a baby - and this subconsciously awakens the desire to hug and caress.
Amigurumi should not be solid padded toys. As a rule, initially the master knits in a continuous circular way the individual parts, which are later stitched together.
Most often, amigurumi is created by crocheting. It is more convenient for some craftsmen to knit with circular knitting needles, but this technique does not comply with the rules for creating toys.
The density of the canvas is achieved through the use of a hook for a couple of numbers less than that needed to work with the yarn of your choice - this technique was invented so that there are no holes in the work through which the padding will crawl out.
Beginners may have difficulty with the mismatch of numbers of yarn and hook during work, so they can begin training with convenient tools and materials. Gradually developing knitting skills, go to the hooks with a smaller number.
Rules for reading schemas
Since the amigurumi appeared precisely in Japan, most knitting schemes were supplemented with remarks in Japanese. In addition, from the Russian, they also differ in denoting characters.
Look at this image - it clearly shows the features of the construction of Japanese knitting rapports.
Unlike Russian, the Japanese description of rows in knitting is built on tables. The number 1 in the left column corresponds to the first knitting row, the number 2 to the second one, etc. Sometimes in the middle row there are symbols of loops in crochet - they are known all over the world.
The number in the right column indicates the number of loops in the row.
Each scheme of knitting a toy begins with an amigurumi ring, a simple element that forms a circular figure when recruiting the first loops.
- Take the thread in your right hand and wrap it around your index finger with your left. Hold the thread with your index and middle fingers of your left hand so that it does not move.
- Thread the hook into the ring towards the palm.
- Hook the working thread and pull it under the ring to the right.
- Now, without removing the hook from this loop, grab the working thread again.
- Thread the hook through the loop. You will have the first loop of amigurumi.
- Again, run the tool under the ring, pull the loop through which you pull the hook with the working thread.
- Make 6 loops in this way and remove the ring from your finger - there may be more of them, if so indicated in your scheme.
- Pull the tail of the lead thread to pull the element - you get a semicircle.
- Without removing the item from the hook, thread the tool into the first loop of the part.
- If you need to knit amigurumi without joining the rows, follow the single crochet column, if on the contrary - a connecting pole with a lifting air loop.
Not all beginners can master this detail of the schemes the first time. Therefore, it is better for you to practice in fast and correct vyvyazyvaniya rings before mastering schemes amigurumi.
Now you can try to tie your first amigurumi. In this video tutorial you will find detailed instructions for creating a cute knitted bear.
Use different beads, ribbons, small brooches to decorate the resulting product.
Many beginners make mistakes when knitting amigurumi. This is especially true of those who are already accustomed to standard crochet and do not know about the features of the creation of Japanese miniature toys.
In this case, advice will come to the help of professionals who have learned many creative secrets and tricks for a long time working on the amigurumi.
Knitting for one wall
Even professional craftsmen often start crocheting just behind the front or back wall of the loops, although you need to knit for both walls.
This error is not very rough - you still get the toy. But it will be more dense, longer and narrower than necessary.
Many information resources advise during a decrease just to skip one loop.But this is wrong - in this case there will be holes in the canvas, through which the stuffing material can shine through.
If you have a need, it is better to thread through both loops and knit them together.
Do not use cotton as a filling toy! She very quickly rolls down and slezhivatsya, so the toy loses a neat appearance and crumples.
Prefer sinteponu or silicone. Moreover, they are now easy to find in handicraft stores. If you do not have these, buy a cheap Chinese soft toy, spread it and use a gasket.