7 most amazing volcanic craters
Craters of extinct and passive volcanoes are round depressions in the ground, formed by ancient volcanic activity. Let's look at the most interesting, beautiful and even habitable craters.
The Molokini Crater Molokini was formed about 15 thousand years ago by lava escaping from the crater of the volcano. Inside this natural rocky crescent are found more than 250 species of fish, as well as 38 species of coral, which can no longer be found throughout the Pacific Ocean.
There is absolutely no ground on the island itself, and only silent rocks rise around. That is why the surrounding waters are considered to be the cleanest in all Hawaiian islands.
Rocas Bainbridge Crater
This wonderful crater is located in the Galapagos Islands. This is probably the most famous photo of this crater.
The island is frequented by flamingos.
The volcano Koʻolau is about 2.6 million years old, and the crater is about 200,000 years old, the volcano finally died out 150,000 years ago
The crater Seongsan Ilchulbong Seongsan Ilchulbong, also known as "The Peak of the Sunrise" is a funnel,formed by hydrovolcanic eruptions that occurred on the seabed about 4 thousand years ago.
Its height is 182 meters, and inside is a cup-shaped crater. The crater of the volcano is rich in lush vegetation, among which grow six rare plant species.
Kelimutu Crater Kelimutu - a volcano on the Indonesian island of Flores 1639 m high. Three lakes of Kelimutu, in which various minerals are dissolved, change their color from black to turquoise, red-brown or green for several years.
Each color is caused by a certain set of impurities of minerals in the soil, and although the lakes are separated only a few meters, there are completely different soils below
Sulfuric and hydrochloric acids give a deep green color, red is the result of the reaction of hydrogen sulfide with iron, although in recent years, the water of the red lake has darkened, and has now become almost black.
Crater Aogashima Aogashima is a volcanic island located in the Philippine Sea. Land area 3.5 km. in length and 2.5 km. in width is in the office of Japan. The highest point of the island is Otonbu, its height is 423 meters.Despite the fact that there is an active volcano on the island, which periodically takes the life of the islanders, people do not leave it.
In 2009, the island’s population was 205 people.