3 ways to buy a used car

12.08.2015

3 ways to buy a used car

In order not to become a victim of fraudsters, it is necessary not only to pick up the car, but also correctly arrange the transaction.
How to buy a used car
The technical passport is the main document for the car. The document contains the data of the owner (full name, address), which must be checked with his civil passport. In addition, in the data sheet shows the year of the car, engine number and body, which also need to be checked during inspection of the car.

 

If in the place where the number is applied, there are traces of sanding paper, welding, fresh paint, you should be alerted. More in the data sheet indicates where it was bought cars. For example, the reference number of the car dealership account - you also need to ask the owner.

 

If the car is driven from abroad, the seller must have a copy of the customs declaration. And it is worthwhile to demand from the seller a service book with notes about regular maintenance, especially if the car is still under warranty.
If the car being sold is already deregistered, then the owner must have a registration card (an entry is made to it after the transaction)A receipt for the payment of the transport fee and a certificate from MREO that the car is not stolen, and the unit numbers (body, engine, etc.) are not counterfeit.
Buying a car
In order to insure, the buyer himself can make a request to the information center, through any notary, whether the machine is pledged to the bank.
There are frequent situations when cars sold earlier under a general power of attorney are sold (this scheme is described below), but lawyers consider selling a car that is not registered to the seller is one of the most popular frauds.

By gender attorney

The most attractive, at first glance, way to purchase a used car is through the design of a general power of attorney. Only here the power of attorney does not give the buyer ownership of the car, but only allows you to use it for a while (maximum 10 years).

To buy a car

But at the same time, the document helps to save considerably on paying taxes and registering with the traffic police. After all, the sale and purchase transaction is not actually carried out: the seller does not pay income tax, and the car does not need to be deregistered and registered to the buyer. At the same time, the cost of issuing a “general” is only 20 dollars. After all, it is much cheaper than registering a new car.
However, the savings can turn into troubles. In order for the buyer to take away the car, the seller simply needs to write a statement to the police. It is senseless to complain to the prosecutor’s office or somewhere else, because it is impossible to legally prove your rights.

 

It is safe to issue a power of attorney only when the car is sold by a close friend or relative. In other cases, it is better to buy a car “by law”.

Through the commission company

The first way to make a deal to buy a car is through a commission company that will issue a certificate account. Such "offices" can be found through the Internet, in the car market and even in car dealerships. By the way, with the commission company there are already experts who will appreciate the car.

Buying a car

Price help up to $ 100. It is paid for either by the buyer, or in conjunction with the seller. And having already issued a certificate account and taking a registration card (it is issued to the traffic police when removing a car from the register) with the old data sheet, you can safely go to the registration authority to register the car for yourself.

 

The main risk is the lack of responsibility of the seller if the next day the car will fall off the wheels or the motor will fall out, or the car will require body repair, since the reference account is not a contract in its essence and the parties ’responsibility is not provided.

 

In addition, the "commission" is not responsible for the fact of the transfer of money. Therefore, the seller is obliged to write a receipt where it will be clearly recorded: the buyer transferred the money, the seller accepted it.

According to the contract of sale

Another way - to issue a contract of sale at the notary. Based on this document, the traffic police should put the car on the account. By the way, the notary must check if the car is credit. Alas, the method, though the least risky, but also the most expensive.

Contract of sale

Usually all the costs in this design, the parties are divided among themselves in equal parts. By the way, the contract can protect the buyer. The contract of sale should provide for a refund and payment of penalties by the seller in the event of serious defects in the operation of the car, caused by the previous owner.

 

The same can be foreseen in case of legal problems. Indeed, with the consent of the seller, these reservations can also be made to the document.
Having clarified the legal "purity" of the car, you need to carefully examine its technical condition. Alas, there are "very difficult" cases: first of all, you should beware of buying a car that was used as a taxi. Such machines can be recognized by the large mileage - from 30-40 thousand.km per year, as well as pretty “shabby” salon.
The second trouble - the purchase of "drowned". Such cars are distinguished by a suspicious odor in the cabin, problems with electronics, corrosion on the racks and steel parts and poor seat covers.

Drowned machine
It is usually easy to recognize a car after an accident - their body is deformed, and parts are repainted or replaced, as well as cars with “dead” engines and heavily rusted bodies.

 

To identify hidden defects, it is necessary to diagnose the car on "its" service station, where it is certain that existing and potential "sores" will be revealed, as well as facts hidden by the seller: traffic accidents, "twisted" mileage, requiring repair or replacement of components.
Often, sellers overestimate the price due to the fact that the car - under warranty. On the one hand, the guarantee is good, because you can see the history of the car in the service book. But to be 100% sure that the seller addressed only the official service is impossible.

 

It is not excluded that the main repairs were carried out at the “Uncle Vasya” in the garage, and only the maintenance was done by the officials. And only after a full diagnosis at the service station, it will be possible to check with the service book and determine how honest the seller is.
Car market
To reduce the risks when buying a used car, you can purchase a car through the trade-in car dealership.This is a comfortable way for both the buyer and the seller - the auto show acts as an intermediary who deals with all design issues.

 

Of course, you will have to pay 3-10% more than in the case of buying at the market. But the salon will deeply check the legal "purity" of the car and its technical condition.

How to buy a car with hands

Purchase of a general power of attorney

1. Choose a car;
2. The seller to issue a power of attorney to the buyer at the notary;
3. Transfer the money to the seller for a car on receipt.
Car with hands
Pros:simple, cheap and fast; does not require re-registration of the machine.


Minuses:the buyer does not become the real owner of the car; high probability of losing the car.

Registration of reference account

1. The seller remove the car from the register;
2. Buyer together with the seller to apply to the commission company and provide:

  • passports of both parties;
  • old registration certificate (with a registration card issued by the traffic police);
  • seller identification code;
  • The act of car evaluation (or conduct an assessment on the spot).

3. To the buyer to receive the invoice certificate, the registration certificate of the car together with the registration card;
4. Transfer the money to the seller;
5. Put the car on the account.
Auto registration
Pros:relatively inexpensive; You can check the "pedigree" of the car.


Minuses:does not provide for the seller’s liability for fraud and hidden defects; The transfer of money and car is not controlled.

The conclusion of the contract of sale (3-5% of the value of the car)

1. To the seller to remove the car from the register and carry out its assessment;
2. Buyer together with the seller to contact the notary and provide:

  • passports of both parties;
  • old registration certificate (with a registration card issued by the traffic police);
  • seller identification code;
  • car evaluation report.

3. Buyer to get his copy of the contract, the technical passport of the car along with the registration card;
4. Pay up to 5% duty and notary services (up to 5% of the transaction amount);
5. Transfer money to the seller;
6. Put the car on the account.
Buying and selling cars
Pros:the notary must check if the car is in the pledge; It is possible to provide for the seller’s liability for fraud


Minuses:the deal is much more expensive; to terminate the contract and return the money is still not easy.
Thus, when buying a car with mileage, you need to carefully check its pedigree through the traffic police, inspect the car at the service station, and avoid processing the transaction through a general power of attorney.

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  • 3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car

    3 ways to buy a used car